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Full text of "Eckerd College: A College of Distinction in Florida 1982-83 Catalog"

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Introduction Page 1 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Academic Program 4 

Descriptions of Courses and Majors 

Fall term and Spring Term 17 

Autumn Term and Winter Term 83 

Campus and Student Life 85 

Admission 89 

Financial Aid 92 

Expenses 95 

Faculty 98 

Administration 100 

Board of Trustees 101 

Index 103 

Calendar of Events 106 

Correspondence Directory 109 


Eckerd College, a coeducational college of the 
liberal arts and sciences, awards the Bachelor of 
Arts and Bachelorof Sciencedegrees. Itis related 
by covenantto the Presbyterian Church, U.S. and 
the United Presbyterian Church, U.S.A., and fully 
accredited by the Southern Association of Col- 
leges and Schools. The campus is located on 267 
acres of tropical waterfront property in a sub- 
urban area of St. Petersburg, Florida. 

The school was founded in 1958 as Florida Pres- 
byterian College, and admitted itsfirst students in 
1960. In 1972 the college's name was changed to 
honor Jack M. Eckerd, a prominent Florida civic 
leader and businessman whose gifts and commit- 
ments to the institution have helped to insure its 
continuing excellence. More than 2,500 gradu- 
ates are seeking to lead lives of leadership and 
service in communities throughout the world. 

It is the policy of Eckerd College not to discriminate on the basis of sex, age, handicap. 

race or color, or national origin in its educational programs, activities, admissions, or employment 

policies as required by Title IX of the 1972 education amendment and other federal and state 

legislation. Inquiries regarding compliance with Title IX and other non-discriminatory 

codes may be directed to Dr. Richard Hallin, Dean of Admissions and Records, Eckerd College, 

St. Petersburg, Florida 33733, 813/867-1166, or the Director of Civil Rights, Department of 

HEW, Washington, D.C. Eckerd College is an equal opportunity employer. 


This catalog is designed to give a comprehensive 
picture of Eckerd College. We are proud of what 
we have achieved in a short time, and welcome 
the reader to join us in an exciting and continuing 
educational adventure. As you read this docu- 
ment, you should be aware of certain basic com- 
mitments which haveguidedthecollege's history 
and planning. These commitments and the 
efforts to achieve them have enabled Eckerd Col- 
lege to be distinctive among the 3,000 colleges 
and universities in the United States. 


The primary purpose of the educational program 
is to foster the personal development of each 
student. We seek to prepare students for the 
basic responsibilities of life, and especially for 
competent, humane leadership and service. We 
are vitally concerned with the development of 
whole persons, and therefore encourage the in- 
tellectual, spiritual, cultural, social, emotional 
and physical growth of each student. While edu- 
cation is a life-long process, the Eckerd experi- 
ence is designed to assist students to go beyond 
the limitations imposed by ignorance, narrow- 
ness, conformity, self-centeredness, and irre- 
sponsibility. Our aims are to help individuals 
achieve excellence in thought and conduct; and 
to spark their imagination about future possibili- 


Eckerd College seeks to combine the Christian 
faith and liberal education in the belief that a 
Christian college is better able to contribute to 
individual development than any other type of 
college. To give focus to its Christian commit- 
ment, the college maintains an active covenant 
relationship with the Presbyterian Church, U.S. 
and the United Presbyterian Church, U.S.A.; 
however, the college community is not narrowly 
sectarian. It includes among its faculty, students 
and staff individuals of many denominations, 
faiths and points of view. 

As a church-related college community, we seek 
to give the Christian faith a full hearing in a setting 
where students are free to accept or reject, but 
not ignore it. Confident in the belief that all truth 
is of God, we seek to develop an atmosphere of 
free and open inquiry into all aspects of faith and 
knowledge. Ouraim is to assist students to clarify 
their beliefs, assess their values, and learn to act 
responsibly on the basis of their convictions. 


The relatively small size of the Eckerd student 
body allows numerous opportunities for close 
personal relationships between students and fac- 
ulty. Each Eckerd student has a faculty academic 
adviser, known as a "Mentor, "who is expected to 
facilitate the total growth of students and is readi- 
ly available to help students deal with the many 
personal concerns that occur during college 

Because the faculty is committed to the primary 
importance of teaching, it has developed a repu- 
tation for excellence in the teaching of under- 
graduates. Many Eckerd Col lege faculty members 
are engaged in primary scholarship and artistic 
creativity and wherever possible seek to involve 
students in these enterprises. The intention of the 
faculty is to provide an educational environment 
characterized by high expectation, personal 
attention and enthusiasm for learning. 


While Eckerd College is committed to helping 
students develop competence in a specific field 
of study, it is equally committed to general educa- 

The general education program is designed to 
provide a foundation for lifelong learning by 
helping students to develop a love for learning, 
acquire an informed awareness of the major ele- 
ments of their cultural heritage, explore various 
perspectives on the central concerns of human 
existence, assume increased responsibility for 
their own growth, and master the skills that are 
necessary to understand and deal with a rapidly 
changing and increasingly complex world. 

The general education program for entering 
Freshmen is made up of composition, computa- 
tion, foreign language, and the Western Heritage 
sequence in the first year; one course in each of 
four value-oriented perspectives in the second 
and third year; and a course in the judaeo- 
Christian perspective and an integrating issue- 
oriented seminar in the Senior year. Students 
experience directly throughout the program the 
variety of ways in which knowledge is sought and 
creativity fostered. 



The commitment to individual development in- 
cludes a commitment to helping students pre- 
pare themselves for a vocation. Through more 
than thirty formal majors and pre-professional 
programs, opportunities are available to develop 
the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary for 
the world of work. In addition, through indepen- 
dent study and individually designed areas of 
concentration, students are encouraged to sup- 
plementand adapt the formal curriculum to their 
particular interests and aspirations. 

The college recognizes that significant learning 
can occur in a variety of settings. Internships, 
jobs, and other off-campus learning experiences 
both in this country and abroad enable students 
to integrate theory and practice, and help them to 
clarify their values and career choices. Because 
they are committed to a participatory educational 
process, faculty engage students in the learning 
of science, theatre, management and otherdisci- 
plines by doing. The aim is to assist each student 
to become a self-directed, competent, humane 
person capable of making a significant contribu- 
tion to society. 


There is a rich diversity among Eckerd College 
students which is educationally desirable. Stu- 
dents come to campus from more than 40 states 
and 30 foreign countries. They en roll from urban, 
suburban and rural areas; from developed and 
developing countries; and from a great variety of 
cultural, ethnic and religious backgrounds. The 
cosmopolitan nature of the Eckerd campus en- 
riches the total educational experience as stu- 
dents learn from each other. 

Built upon this diversity is a sense of community 
based upon common objectives, concerns and 
experiences. Academic interests provide the 
basis for a sense of community, which is en- 
hanced by worship, student activities, athletic 
events, concerts, lectures and other opportuni- 
ties for shared experiences. Because most stu- 
dents reside on campus, they have the enriched 
experiences that occur when people are learning 
both how to learn and how to live together. 


Eckerd College is nationally known for pioneer- 
ing new programs designed to deal directly with 
the varying needs of college students. It has 
shown the will to improve education, and the 
vision and courage to take steps that will facilitate 
the growth of students. Many of its programs of 
interdisciplinarystudy, independentstudy, inter- 
national education, values inquiry, and student 
orientation and advising have become models for 
other educational institutions. With in the context 
of its objectives as a church-related college of the 
liberal arts and sciences, it continues to seek bet- 
ter ways of meeting its commitments. 


Since 1960, when Eckerd College (then known as 
Florida Presbyterian College) opened its doors, it 
has earned a reputation forcreating newand bet- 
ter opportunities for learning. Eckerd recently 
was rated in the top ten percent of American 
colleges and universities. 

The col lege looks for superior methods of educat- 
ing its students, not in order to be different, but to 
offer a more rewarding and useful educational 

For example, you have probably come across 
such expressions as "4-1-4," "winterim," 
"miniterm," "interim," or "winter term." (All of 
them meanessentiallythesamething: separating 
the two terms of an academic year with a one- 
month period of independent study.) The winter 
term is an Eckerd College concept. This innova- 
tion was created and tested first on the Eckerd 
College campus; then other colleges found it so 
exciting that they adopted it. 

Since the creation of the winter term in 1960, 
Eckerd has discovered and implemented other 
innovativeways of teaching. Perhaps the best way 
of providing you with an understanding of the 
Eckerd experience is to take you on a "verbal 
tour" of the academic program. 


Shortlyafteryou have been accepted as an Eckerd 
student, you will receive material about selection 
of a Mentor. The original Mentor was the guide 
and companion of Odysseus. As you are, in a 
sense, em barking on you rodyssey, it is fitting that 
you have your own Mentor. 

Throughout your career at Eckerd, you will have 
continuing support and counsel from a faculty 
Mentor, who is mo re than the conventional facul- 
ty adviser. Mentors are faculty members who 
have been specially trained to help you in your 
academic program, career planning, and person- 
al growth. You choose your own Mentor before 
you enter Eckerd, from a descriptive list of Men- 
tors and projects, in your Freshman yearyou will 
take at least one course from your Mentor, and 
together you will work out the rest of your 
academic program for the first academic year. 

When you become an upperclass student, you 
may choose a new Mentor — a specialist in your 
area of academic concentration. The two of you 
will continue to plan your academic program, 
including independent and directed studies, in- 
ternships, off-campus programs, work experi- 
ence, career planning, foreign study, and the 
many other options that Eckerd offers. 


Eckerd College follows a modified 4-1 -4 calendar. 
The fall and spring semesters are fourteen weeks 
in length, and are each followed by examination 
periods. Most courses during the semester are 
offered for the full fourteen weeks, and ordinarily 
a full-time student will enroll for four of these 
courses each semester. 

The three-week autumn term for Freshmen 
occurs prior to the beginning of the fall semester, 
while the four week winter term (January) falls 
between the two regularsemesters. Duringthese 
shorter terms, students will enroll for no more 
than one academic project at a time. This format 
provides for independent investigation of a topic 
in a concentrated manner. 


Asa Freshman, you will start your Eckerd College 
experience in the latter part of August, when you 
enroll for autumn term. In contrast to the usual 
Freshman orientation of two or three days, au- 
tumn term lasts three weeks. It is designed for 
Freshmen only, and provides an intensive fore- 
taste of college living and academic work. 

During autumn term you will take one academic 
project, for credit, from your Mentor. This project 
is stimulating in content, teaches basic academic 
skills, and focuses on the interdisciplinary nature 
of learning. The course will give you a clear idea of 
what is expected of you at Eckerd. Autumn term 
provides an excellent opportunity for certain 
kindsof interest and competency testing that will 
allow you to begin your academic program in 
courses that are best suited to your current stage 
of development. 

You will also learn a great deal about living, work- 
ing and playing in a college community. The stu- 
dent Resident Adviser in your dormitory will be 
on hand during autumn term to help you make 
the transition into college life. In fact, the entire 
staff of the college and the autumn term faculty 
will participate with you in periods of inquiry, 
reflection and fun. The sense of community that 
develops will assist you to take full advantage of 
the opportunities and resources available on 
campus. By the time the upperclass students re- 
turn in September, you will be well established in 
campus life. 

For more information about autumn term 
see page 83. 


An important part ot your studies throughout 
your career at Eckerd College will be in general 

During your Freshman year you will take two 
classwide interdisciplinary courses called West- 
ern Heritage I and II that will explore the cultural 
riches of the past. Your discussion sections in 
these courses will be led by your Mentor. In addi- 
tion you will be expected to demonstrate writing 
competency by satisfactory performance on a 
writing proficiency exercise; take one college 
level computation course or demonstrate com- 
petency by examination; and take one year of a 
foreign language or demonstrate competency at 
the first year level by examination. 

During your Sophomore and Junior years you will 
choose four courses, one from a list of options in 
each of four broad perspectives on human exist- 
ence: the aesthetic, cross-cultural, environmen- 
tal and social relations. The courses will be distrib- 
uted over four collegia so as to provide involve- 
ment with significantly different modes of in- 

Seniors will take a course that will focus on histor- 
ical and contemporary issues from the Judaeo- 
Christian perspective, and a Senior seminar 
focusing on the search for solutions to important 
issues that they are likely to face during their 
lifetimes. In 1982-83, Seniors will explorethrough 
Values Col loquia some of the value questions that 
arise in various academic disciplines, careers, 
current events and prospects for the future. 


Winter term is a special four-week period in Janu- 
ary that emphasizes independentstudy. You may 
enroll in projects designed by professors, or de- 
sign your own with the sponsorship of a pro- 

All winter term projects must have academic 
merit and are judged by rigorous standards. A 
typical project requires you to select a subject, 
gather information, organize it, and present it as a 
paper, a short story, a painting, a performance, or 
a piece of equipment. Freshmen may take a win- 
ter term in addition to autumn term, and substi- 
tute a fifth winter term for one of the 32 courses 
required for graduation. The winter term project 
for Juniors is ordinarily in their major or area of 
concentration. The winter term in the Senior year 
is usually spent working on a comprehensive ex- 
amination or senior thesis or project required for 
completion of a major. 

Many colleges have followed Eckerd College's 
example in adopting a winter term program, mak- 
ing it possible to exchange students and to in- 
crease the range of projects offered. Eckerd Col- 
lege also cooperates with other 4-1-4 colleges in 
sponsoringwinterterm projects abroad or in ma- 
jor cities and interesting locations in the United 
States. Many winter term projects include as 
much as eight contact hours per week, which 
meets the Veteran's Administration standards for 
full tuition benefits. 

For more information about winter term 
see page 83. 


During the past few years, educators have be- 
come aware that the traditional division of learn- 
ing into academic "departments" is not neces- 
sarily the best way to organize the educational 
process. Increasingly popular among colleges is 
the interdisciplinary major, in which the student 
com bines courses from two or more departments 
to form an individual academic program. At 
Eckerd, we have established interdisciplinary 
"collegia," which encourage new combinations 
of studies and demonstrate the interrelatedness 
of knowledge. 

The word "collegium" goes back to medieval 
days, when it meant a fellowship of equals (i.e.; 
persons communicating without artificial obsta- 
cles to discourse) pursuing a common objective 
(which in Eckerd's case is learning). The word 
vividly describes what we are trying to do: to bring 
you (the student) together with a highly knowl- 
edgeable person (the professor) in an atmos- 
phere where you can debate freely, challenge 
one another's viewpoints, learn together. 

In a collegium, subjects are grouped according to 
the intellectual discipline required to master 
them. You learn mathematicsand physics in simi- 
lar ways, for example; but you learn dance differ- 
ently, and a foreign language in still another way. 

Eckerd faculty members choose to affiliate with a 
particular collegium, depending upon their 
approach totheirsubject. You will do the same. At 
the end of your Freshman year you will focus 
upon a major or area of concentration and affiliate 
with the collegium that best suits your perception 
of that study. 

Your concentration does not have to lie in a single 
field, such as history or biology. You can create 
your own concentration by combining those stu- 
dies that will help you achieve your career or 
professional goal. For example, if you wish to 
become an environmental economist, you can 
combine economics and biology, thus creating 
your own concentration to fit your own goal. The 
collegium concept makes this interdisciplinary 
approach to learning a natural one that is easy to 

Eckerd sees the members of a collegium — stu- 
dents and faculty alike — as partners in learning. 
Professors bring high expectation to the learning 
process; students are expected to become inde- 
pendent learners and researchers, able to take 
maximum advantage of their professors' strong 
qualifications. Each collegium has its own deci- 
sion-making group, composed of professors and 
students, which gives students an important 
voice in the academic decisions of the college. 


Eckerd College provides a special, perhaps 
unique program for all Freshmen through the 
Foundations Collegium. This is the first-year 
home for students, helping them to establish a 
foundation for their upper-level studies. The col- 
legium's program includes four important parts: 

1. Autumn Term. Freshmen arrive in mid-August 
to take a three-week course before the opening of 
the fall semester early in September. During this 
time, they also complete their testing, orienta- 
tion, and registration. Freshmen choose from 
some 15 projects limited to about 20 students 
each. The professor for that course will be the 
Mentor for those students. 

2. The Mentorship. Eckerd College has expanded 
the notion of the academic adviser to allow more 
help, care, and encouragement to its students. 
Each Freshman hasaMentorfrom thefaculty who 
helps to guide him or her through the Freshman 

3. Western Heritage. All Freshmen are required to 
take FWH 181 (fall) and FWH 182 (spring). Western 
Heritage I and II. This pair of courses explores 
central concepts and materials of Western civi- 
lization and introduces Freshmen to the themes 
of Eckerd College's general education program. 
Theseare interdisciplinary courses, using lecture 
and discussion formats. The discussion sections 
are the same groups, with the same instructor, as 
the autumn term groups. 

4. Skills Development. Every student must dem- 
onstrate proficiency, or take courses to develop 
skills, in composition, computation and foreign 
language. For more details see page 13 under 
"Degree Requirements," and under "Composi- 
tion" in the course listings. Foundations also pro- 
vides a Writing Laboratory to assist students with 
their writing. 

Attheend of the Freshman year, studentschoose 
an upper-level collegium and a new Mentor; any 
students still unsure of what to choose can get 
help from the Foundations office and/or Career 

coilcg ^,^ 



Members of the Behavioral Science Collegium 
believe that the urgent problems of today — rac- 
ism, environmental pollution, overpopulation, 
world hunger and crime — are problems of hu- 
man behavior. Therefore, there is much to be 
gained by developing methodological and con- 
ceptual tools to better understand both indi- 
vidual and collective behavior. Students will take 
introductory courses in psychology or sociology 
as well as a course in statistical methods. In addi- 
tion, courses are available in the fields of eco- 
nomics, sociology, psychology, management, 
political science, business administration, fi- 
nance, accounting and marketing. 


The Collegium of Comparative Cultures seeks to 
promote an understanding of the breadth of hu- 
man cultural achievements through languages, 
area studies, and related disciplines. The col- 
legium serves as both a window and a gateway to 
the cultures of the world: a window for those who 
learn in the classroom from professors who have 
lived and studied in other cultures; a gateway for 
those who wish to visit these cultures after pre- 
paratory study on campus. Language study in 
French, German, Spanish, or Russian can be inte- 
grated into a major program, an interdisciplinary 

concentration with another discipline (such as 
management, political science, or comparative 
literature), or it may simply serve to round out a 
student's liberal arts program. Some students 
prefer to plan their studies around a particular 
area of the world. In such cases, the International 
Education office gives assistance in planning 
appropriate study-abroad experiences. Compar- 
ative Cultures graduates have chosen careers in 
teaching, interpreting, foreign service, religious 
vocations or international business. 


The Creative Arts Collegium is dedicated to assist- 
ing the development of the creative nature in 
each person. Freedom with responsibility is 
found to be vital in the creative person and this is 
given high priority. The Collegium has a human 
development section composed of psychology, 
human resources, leisure and recreation, and 
education. Also included are programs of art, 
music, theatre and dance, and the writing work- 
shop. Students will be encouraged to design in- 
terdisciplinary majors, to undertake independ- 
ent work, to apply knowledge in the community, 
and to make education exciting and enjoyable. 


The Collegium of Letters is composed of students 
and faculty who have in common an interest in 
human beings, past and present — their history, 
literary and artistic products, religious commit- 
ments, political involvements, and philosophical 
groupings. Thestudy of whoweare by looking at 
what we are doing and the works and institutions 
created by our predecessors provides the rele- 
vance, vitality, and excitement of our program. 
This humane interest has value in and of itself. In 
addition, it provides a fundamental background 
for a wide variety of futures — vocational or 
through professional and graduate schools — as 
the experience of our graduates attests. 


The Collegium of Natural Sciences brings to- 
gether biologists, chemists, environmentalists, 
earth scientists, marine scientists, mathe- 
maticians, physicists, and those interested in the 
health professions, including medicine, veteri- 
nary medicine, dentistry and medical tech- 

The major emphasis of the Collegium is on the 
development of the skills of observation, ex- 
perimental design, problem-solving, research 
and the study of the principles and concepts that 
are necessary to successful scientific investiga- 
tion. The programs in the natural sciences are 
geared to provide students with information and 
techniques that can be applied to the problems of 
a changing society. 


Both to express and to implement the breadth of 
thecollege'seducational mission, thereare three 
co-curricular areas in which each student is ex- 
pected to participate in significant ways during 
the undergraduate years: service, career explora- 
tion, and physical activity. Together, these areas of 
expected participation constitute the co- 
curricular program, which is intended to provide 
strong positive inducement for educational 
achievements that lie for the most part outside the 
formal academic curriculum, achievements that 
contribute directly to the college's goal of de- 
veloping competent givers whose lives will be 
characterized by leadership and service. The ex- 
pectations are as follows: 

Service. Each student shall haveand find opportu- 
nities on and off campus to engage in significant 
service activities that help the student to develop 
leadership and other interpersonal skills, make a 
significant contribution to the welfare of others 
and encourage a lifelong commitment to service. 

Career Exploration. Each student shall have and 
find opportunities to explore in a systematic way 
the relationship ofthe undergraduate experience 
to the world of work and the student's occupa- 
tional skill and interests, to apply and thus en- 
hance acquired knowledge in career related 
situations, and to establish enduring beneficial 
relationships with persons engaged in occupa- 
tions or professions related to the student's in- 
terests. Such opportunities include internships, 
practica, research, studio work, a variety of other 
practice-oriented experiences offered through 
the major or concentration or through other 
programs of the college, or self-initiated activi- 

Physical Activity. Each student shall have and find 
opportunities to engage in organized or self- 
initiated activities that help the student to de- 
velop an awareness ofthe importance of physical 
wellbeing and to acquire skills that contribute to 
good physical condition. 

Each student is free to choose the kinds of 
achievements and experiences that would meet 
each expectation. In each category, activities 
which are partof an approved course, ordirected 
or independent study, may earn academic credit. 
An underlying expectation is that each student 
will come to Eckerd with the intention to develop 
a planned program of participation and achieve- 
ment in each of the three co-curricular areas, and 
thus a total co-curricular program that both sup- 
plements and enlivens the classroom experience. 

The Co-Curricular Record 

As a reflection of the fact that the co-curricular 
program is a significant dimension of the program 
of the college, each student has an official co- 
curricular record that is maintained in the Office 
of Student Affairs, which has primary responsibil- 
ity for the co-curricular program. Entries on this 
record must be consistent with the categories 
approved by the faculty, may be made only at the 
student's request and with the approval of the 
Dean of Students, and are limited to names of 
activities, leadership positions held, and honors 
received. The intent is twofold: to enable the 
student to compile an official record of response 
to college co-curricular expectations, and to pro- 
vide the studentwith credentials that may be used 
to supplement the academic transcript in applica- 
tion for jobs, graduate work, fellowships, and 
other postgraduate opportunities. Like the 
academic transcript, the co-curricular record is 
released outside the college only with the stu- 
dent's permission, and neither the academic 
transcript nor the co-curricular record makes re- 
ference to the other. 



Eckerd College regards liberal education as 
essential to thorough professional training and 
unites a broad freedom of student choice with 
graduate education in a number of fields: for law 
and medical school, medical technology, the 
ministry, engineering, elementary and secondary 
education, management, business administra- 
tion, and selected public service, human re- 
sources and community professions. 

Eckerd seeks to provide pre-professional experi- 
ence through intensively supervised internships 
rather than by professional and pre-professional 
courses that tend to limit the scope and quality of 
liberal education. The teacher education pro- 
gram, described immediately following, ex- 
emplifies the application of this principle. Stu- 
dents in management take certain specialized 
courses, such as accounting, and prepare them- 
selves through internships carefully planned with 
the Mentor of the management program. 
Similarly, human relations occupations involve a 
thorough liberal arts base, to which are added 
supervised field and employment experiences 
designed to meetthe particular interest and need 
of the student. 


The Eckerd College Teacher Education faculty 
seek to develop competent and humane leaders 
for the teaching profession. The Director of 
Teacher Education is responsible and account- 
able for all teacher education programs: elemen- 
tary certification, early childhood certification, 
secondary certification, grades 7-12, K-1 2 certifica- 
tion in art and music. For certification require- 
ments in these programs, see page 32 under 
"Education" in the course listings. 

The Florida State Department of Education re- 
quires that all students admitted into the teacher 
education program have received a score at the 
40th percentile or above on a nationally normed 
standardized college entrance examination. Pro- 
gram candidates must have a minimum grade 
point average of C or2.0 in all college level work. 
Teacher program graduates seeking regular certi- 
fication in Florida are required to pass the Florida 
Teacher Certification Examination. Forfurtherin- 
formation about the policies and procedures for 
admission into the Teacher Education program, 
contact the Director of Teacher Education and 
request a copy of The Education Student Hand- 


The engineering and applied science program at 
Eckerd is designed for the student who wishes to 
combine a broad, values-oriented knowledge 
base wit hone of the many fields of engineering or 
applied science. Programs exist which permit the 
student to pursueacareer in one of a wide variety 
of engineering disciplines (for example: electri- 
cal, civil, chemical; industrial, aerospace, textile, 
nuclear, biomedical or health systems), in en- 
gineering mechanics, systems engineering, com- 
puter science or one of several other applied sci- 

The student applies to Eckerd for regular admis- 
sion and spends three years at Eckerd, during 
which the curriculum includes courses in 
mathematics and science that will qualify the stu- 
dent to enter an engineering program at the 
Junior level. The detailed curriculum will depend 
on the student's choice of engineering college 
and specific degree program. 

Upon successful completion of the three-year 
portion of the program (the requirements of 
grade point average vary somewhat) and the re- 
commendation of Eckerd College, the student is 
admitted to an engineering college, where he or 
she may normally expect to complete in two years 
the dual-degree requirements. The student is 
awarded degrees from both Eckerd College and 
the engineering school. At present, Eckerd 
cooperates in dual-degree programs in engineer- 
ing and applied science with Washington Uni- 
versity (St. Louis), Auburn University, Columbia 
University, and Georgia Institute of Technology. 

A student at Eckerd mayalso apply to engineering 
schools with whom we do not have formal agree- 
ments. Many engineering schools do not partici- 
pate in formal dual-degree programs, but will 
accept transfer students. Several such schools 
have supplied us with advice and information on 
which Eckerd College courses would best pre- 
pare a student to transfer into the engineering 
program at the Junior level. 



The purpose of the Writing Center is to enhance 
the student's learning capacity by helping him or 
her to become more organized in investigating 
and more articulate in formulating ideas. Work- 
ing closely with the Foundations Collegium, the 
staff and tutors of the Writing Center aid students 
who wish to improve writing skills and research 
competence. Assistance in such areas with an 
emphasis upon improving student writing is 
offered on an individual basis as well as in com- 
position courses. 


The College believes that it is vitally important 
that liberal arts and sciences students have oppor- 
tunities to understand and use computers, the 
increasingly powerful and versatile devices which 
are having such a profound impact on our society. 
During the winter of 1982, the College purchased 
a new Prime 750 computer, a "state-of-the-art" 
system which is a rich resource for both academic 
and administrative computing applications. 
Computer science course offerings are being ex- 
panded during the 1982-83 academic year and will 
continue to be enriched for those students who 
seek a concentration in computer science, those 
who simply wish to understand how these 
machines work and how they will play an in- 
creasingly influential role in our day-to-day ex- 
perience, and those who see the computer as a 
useful or essential tool for their work in business 
management, the natural and behavioral sci- 
ences, the arts and humanities. 


See page 58. 


Eckerd College believes that a liberally educated 
person should be at home in other cultures, and 
we try to give every student the chance to study 
abroad. The Eckerd London Center is permanent- 
ly staffed and supervised by Eckerd faculty mem- 
bers; we have semester programs at the Santa 
Reparata Graphic Arts Center in Florence, at 
Coventry Cathedral in England, and we are also 
affiliated with the InstituteforAmerican Universi- 
ties in France. 

Winter Term Abroad 

Eckerd's annual winter term offerings overseas 
each January are nationally recognized. Many stu- 
dents choose to take their winter term projects in 
London, and we also organize programs in loca- 
tions such as Austria, Mexico, Crete, Ireland, 
Sweden, Italy, Jamaica, Russia, Cuba, Canada, 
and the Caribbean. 

Semester Abroad 

Varied locations and curricula provide semester 
opportunities for students in almost all areas of 
concentration. Programsareavailablein Florence 
(art), London, Bogota, Coventry, Aix-en- 
Provence or Avignon, and Madrid. 

Year Abroad 

Eckerd has an exchange arrangement with Kansai 
Gaidai (University of Foreign Studies) in Osaka, 

The Office of International Education counsels 
with students in an effort to provide individuals 
with study abroad programs best suited to their 
particular academic needs. 


Ouracademic calendar permits off-campus study 
for periods of one month (January), one semester 
(14weeks),anduptoafullacademicyear. Upper- 
class students are encouraged to take advantage 
of programs and facilities not available at Eckerd 
through the off-campus program. It is possible to 
participate in group projects with a faculty leader 
or to contract independent studies of the stu- 
dent's own design. Group projects such as an 
archaeological dig in the southwest, government 
operations in Washington, D.C., or urban prob- 
lems in Chicago are possible. Independent pro- 
jects for individual students have been under- 
taken in industry, the Argonne Laboratories, mar- 
ine research, and at an Indian reservation. The 
winter term, through cooperation with other 
schools having a similar calendar, provides for 
intensive projects on other cam puses throughout 
the United States. 

The Off-Campus Programs office assists students 
in making arrangements, preparing contracts, 
and providing information and ideas related to 
various choices. The project subject matter must 
make necessary the particular off-campus loca- 
tion chosen. 


,,ilii''"'|iy"''i;l:i|iil lli'l ,i!!i'"''i|ll!;''"'i;l 


Eckerd College provides an opportunity for qual- 
ified students to earn a semester of credit in an 
academic, scientific and practical experience 
leading to a realistic understanding of the sea, 
sponsored bythe Sea Education Association, Inc. 


Students spend the first half of the semester (the 
six-week shore component) in Woods Hole, Mas- 
sachusetts, receiving instruction in oceanogra- 
phy, nautical science and maritime studies. They 
then go to sea for the second half of the semester 
(the six-week sea component) aboard R/V West- 
wardforapractical laboratory experience. Eckerd 
Col lege tuition and scholarship aid can be applied 
toward the cost of Sea Semester. For more in- 
formation, contact the Office of International 
Education and Off-Campus Programs. 


Eckerd College has been committed to interna- 
tional education since its inception. While we 
continue to provide opportunities for students to 
enrich their education abroad (see International 
Education, page 10) one need go no further than 
the campus itself to experience a truly cosmopoli- 
tan environment. The International Student 
Affairs office sponsors support programs and 
activities for students coming from more than 40 
different nations to pursue a variety of studies 
here. There are two distinct groups of interna- 
tional students at Eckerd College: those who 
study in the English Language Center (ELS); and 
those who are degree-seeking students. 

These international students enrich the campus 
environment with their diverse cultural origins 
and ethnic backgrounds by providing face-to- 
face opportunities for cross-cultural exchange in 
classroom and other settings. The breadth of this 
experience is celebrated annually during the Fes- 
tival of Cultures with exhibits, entertainment and 
ethnic delicacies from around the world. 


A liberal education should not be considered 
separate from the economic, social and political 
realities of life. With increasing insistence, em- 
ployers and professional associations are asking 
career-minded students to relate fundamental 
education in liberal arts fields to long-range 
plans. Further, they stress the value of a solid 
liberal arts background for business or profes- 
sional careers. 

Woven into your academic program during your 
four years at Eckerd is a program to help you 
examine your career and professional goals. The 
Career-Service Program offers one or more of a 
variety of experiences: one-to-one and group di- 
agnostic career counseling to assist in making 
decisions which integrate academic programs, 
career planning and general lifestyle; internship 
and field experience placements which involve 
unpaid work experiences of observation either 
with a professional person or in a special social 
environment; paid work experiences related to 
current academic studies and long-range career 
goals; discipline internships such as teacher 
education, community studies, leisure studies, 
ormanagement; and placement services to assist 
you in finding part-time and summer employ- 
ment while in school, but primarily to enable you 
to select either the appropriate post-graduate 
education or the vocational career that fits your 
personal aptitudes, desires, and objectives. 



The Women's Studies program is designed to 
address the educational needs of women in this 
region and women students at Eckerd College. 
Workshops, non-credit courses, seminars and 
networks of community leaders provide links 
with thewidercommunityand seek to respond to 
the needs of women who wish to complete their 
undergraduate college degree through non- 
traditional programs. 

The program, in addressing the needs of Eckerd 
College students, has led to the establishment 
and support of a campus women's center, a Men- 
tor service to students seeking an academic con- 
centration in women's studies, and the offering 
and coordination ofa limited number of women's 
studies courses. These services are primarily 
within the Human Resources wing of the Creative 
^rts Collegium. 


The summer term is an eight-week term consist- 
ing of two four-week sessions. Courses are avail- 
able in Session A, Session B, and/or through the 
full eight-week summer term. A preliminary an- 
nouncement of courses and fees is published in 
February; more detailed course descriptions are 
available in early March. Regularly enrolled 
Eckerd students and students enrolled and in 
good standing at other colleges and universities 
are eligible for admission. High school students 
who have completed their Sophomore year and 
present evidence (usually a recommendation 
from principal or counselor) of their ability to do 
introductory level college work, are eligible for 
admission with a scholarship which covers 50% of 
theregulartuition. Summerterm ratesareslightly 
reduced from academic year tuition levels. Stu- 
dents entering Eckerd in the summer with the 
intention of becoming degree candidates must 
make formal application for admission to the 
Dean of Admissions. 

It is possible to enroll in three courses in summer 
term, one in Session A, one in Session B, and one 
through the duration of the eight-week term. 
Summer courses may replace courses missed 
during the academic year or accelerate gradua- 
tion. Additional information about summerterm 
courses may be secured from the Dean of Special 



The Program for Experienced Learners is a de- 
gree-completion program designed to meet the 
needs of mature people who are able to assume 
major responsibility for their continuing educa- 
tion. It is limited to men and women more than 
twenty-five years old who provide evidence of an 
ability and interest in satisfying the degree re- 
quirements of the college even though they are 
not in a position to participate in the regular class- 
oriented instructional program on campus. The 
program has been approved by the Southern 
Association of Colleges and Schools and confers 
the same degrees that are awarded through the 
regular program. 

The college makes provision for an initial assess- 
ment of prior learning which is creditable toward 
a degree. This credit may be based upon formal 
work already done in degree-granting institu- 
tions, upon career-oriented learning at a college 
level, upon specialized training of technical and 
cultural character, and upon knowledgeacquired 
by personal effort. An analysis is made of indi- 
vidual intellectual interests and career goals on 
the strength of which a degree plan is developed. 

In the satisfaction of degree requirements the 
ProgramforExperienced Learners relies primarily 
upon directed study courses which have been 
designed by thefaculty. Forstudentswhoareable 
to work with very limited supervision these 
courses can be completed and credited at a frac- 
tion of the cost of regular courses. Other re- 
sources of the college in the form of regular clas- 
ses, intensive special courses, and travel-study 
projects may be used to meet requirements, but 
these are somewhat more expensive to the stu- 

This program is designed especially to serve peo- 
ple whose career opportunities will be increased 
by having a col lege degree recognizing their con- 
tinuing educational involvement, but any adults 
who are seeking a structure in which to expand 
their educational experience are encouraged to 
Some programs do not lend themselves to 
directed study and off-campus learning as readily 
as others. Major fields such as chemistry or phys- 
ics which rely heavily upon laboratory experi- 
ence, the visual arts which involve extensive stu- 
dio instruction, theatre or foreign languages 
which call for group interchange can be offered 
through the Program for Experienced Learners 
only if there is appropriate on-campus experi- 
ence or some special student involvement in 
activities of comparable nature. 

Although the full range of Eckerd College pro- 
grams is technically available to Program for Ex- 
perienced Learners enrollees, it must be kept in 


mind that in certain instances this is not practic- 
able except through campus residency at regular 
tuition rates. 

There are a number of programs, several of them 
career-related, which are particularly well suited 
to the PEL approach. Management and Business 
Administration concentrations can coordinate 
job experience with the theoretical studies in the 
college curriculum. A major in Human Resources 
readily makes use of professional involvement in 
health services, community service, and the help- 
ing professions in general. Majors in Criminal 
Justice and Public Safety Administration are de- 
signed to be of maximum value and availability to 
people already working in law enforcement, fire 
protection, or public administration. 

The regular college scholarship and grant-in-aid 
funds are not available for the Program of Experi- 
enced Learners. Tuition support through the 
Veterans Administration has been approved. 
Additional public and private scholarships and 
tuition remissions awarded directly to the student 
are applicable to the program. More specific in- 
formation about the PEL program may be 
obtained from a separate PEL catalog. Interested 
students should write to : Associate Dean, PEL, 
Eckerd College, St. Petersburg, Florida 33733. 


Eckerd College provides an Army Reserve Offi- 
cer's Training Program through a cross-enroll- 
ment agreement with the University of South 
Florida at St. Petersburg. Students who complete 
the program, which consists of four courses in 
military science, a weekly leadership laboratory, 
and one summer camp, are commissioned in the 
United States Army. All students may take the 
courses in military science forelective credit. The 
ROTC program is open to both men and women, 
and scholarships are available on a competitive 
basis to qualified Sophomores, juniors and 


In order to graduate from Eckerd College, a stu- 
dent must spend at least two years, including the 
Senior year, in the college or in an approved off- 
campus program. 

Any student who wishes to request an exemption 
from or a modification of an all-college require- 
ment may petition the Dean of Faculty using 
formsavailable in the Officeof the Registrar. Peti- 
tions must include detailed reasons for the re- 
quest, and receive prior approval from the stu- 
dent's Mentor and collegial chairperson. 

Unless modified in individual cases by action of 
the Educational Policy and Program Committee 
and the Dean of Faculty, the following require- 
ments must be fulfilled by all students in order to 
qualifyforformal recommendation by the faculty 
for the Bachlor of Arts degree: 

1) The satisfactory completion of a minimum of 
32 courses, plus an autumn term in the Fresh- 
man year and a winter term project in each 
subsequent year. 

a) A Freshman may take a winter term in addi- 
tion to autumn term, and substitute that 
winter term for one of the 32 courses. 

b) One of the winter term projects, ordinarily 
in the junior year, must be in the student's 
major or area of concentration. 

c) The winter term project in the Senior year 
normally consists of the preparation for 
comprehensive examinations, theses or 

2) Writing competency: satisfactory perform- 
ance on a writing proficiency exercise taken at 
the beginning of the student's first term of 
enrollment. Students who achieve competen- 
cy on the initial exercise will be excused from 
the required composition courses. Students 


who do not satisfactorily pass the writing pro- 
ficiency examination will be required to enroll 
in an appropriate composition course during 
their first term of enrollment. The proficiency 
requirement will be met if a student earns a 
grade of Cor better in this course and satisfac- 
torily passes the proficiency reexamination at 
the end of the course. If competence is not 
achieved at the end of the first course, an addi- 
tional composition course will be required in 
each subsequent semester until the required 
proficiency is achieved. (Native speakers of 
English may take two composition courses for 
credit; non-native speakers of English may 
take three composition courses for credit.) 

3) Computation (normally in the Freshman year): 
one college level mathematics, computer sci- 
ence, formal logic or statistics course, or one 
course that uses the computer as a major learn- 
ing tool; may be satisfied by passing an 
appropriate proficiency examination adminis- 
tered by the college. 

4) Foreign language (normally in the Freshman 
year) : one year of foreign language at the col- 
lege level, or the equivalent as demonstrated 
by a college administered proficiency ex- 

5) Western Heritage 1 and II, FWH 181 and 182. 
Students for whom English is a second lan- 
guage and who have not resided in the main- 
land U.S. for more than two years may substi- 
tute FWH 188 U. S. Area Studies for Western 
Heritage 1, which shall also fulfill the require- 
ment for a course within the Cross-Cultural 
Perspective. There is a special section of West- 
ern Heritage II for international students. 

6) Four courses (normally in the Sophomore and 
Junior years), one each from a list of options in 
the fol lowi ng f ou r areas : the Aesthetic Perspec- 
tive, the Cross-Cultural Perspective, the Environ- 
mental Perspective, the Social Relations Perspec- 
tive, distributed over four upper division col- 
legia. Courses fulfilling these requirements 
are indicated by the appropriate letter follow- 
ing the number. See the course descriptions 
for a listing of these courses. 

7) One course in the Senior year in the Judaeo- 
Christian Perspective (course to be 

8) One senior seminar within the collegium of 
the student's major focussing on the search for 
solutions to important issues that students are 
likely to confront during their lifetimes 
(courses to be announced). 

9) The completion of a major (from the list of 32 
majors formally approved by the faculty), or an 
independently designed area of concentra- 
tion. The area of concentration must be 
approved by three members of the faculty, 
with an approved study plan filed in the Reg- 
istrar's office no later than fall semester of the 
Junior year. 

10)The satisfactory completion in the Senior year 
of a comprehensive examination, thesis, or 
creative project in the majororarea of concen- 
tration with a grade of C or better. 

Students who entered Eckerd College before the 
current general education program and are enrolled 
as Juniors or above beginning with the fall of 1982 

must have four upper division Values Colloquia 
during the Junior and Senior years, one of which 
must be within the student's collegium; how- 
ever, they may substitute as appropriate courses 
designated to fulfill the new general education 

Students transferring to Eckerd College as Sopho- 
mores are considered exempt from Western 
Heritage, the computation and foreign language 
requirements. Students transferring as Juniors are 

also considered exempt from any two of the four 
Sophomore/Junior perspectives. 

The following requirements must be fulfilled by 
students in order to qualify for formal recom- 
mendation by the faculty for the Bachelor of 
Science degree: 

1) The satisfactory completion of the general 
course and all-college requirements as out- 
lined in sections 1-10 above. 

2) Completion of a major or area of concentra- 
tion in one of the natural sciences or mathema- 
tics, including the satisfactory completion of at 
least sixteen courses in the Natural Sciences 
Collegium, including not more than one of the 
four required Values Colloquia or perspective 

Students majoring in the natural sciences or 
mathematics may earn the Bachelor of Arts de- 
gree by completing at least twelve but fewer than 
sixteen courses in the Natural Sciences Col- 
legium, including not more than one of the four 
Values Colloquia or perspective courses. 

For either the B.S. or the B.A. degree, students 
majoring in the natural sciences or mathematics 
may substitute specified courses outside the col- 
legium to satisfy the minimum requirement for 
courses within the collegium. Interested stu- 
dents should consult their Mentors for informa- 
tion on gaining approval for such substitutions. 



At Eckerd College efforts are made to tailor pro- 
grams of study to the particular needs and interests 
of individual students. To help guide students with 
the selection of courses, the faculty has approved a 
number of disciplinary and interdisciplinary ma- 
jors. In mostcases, the faculty members associated 
with each major have prescribed minimum course 

American Studies Creative Writing 

Anthropology Economics 

Business Administration/ Elementary Education 

Management Environmental Studies/ 
Biology Earth Sciences 

Chemistry French 

Comparative Literature German 

Students desiring to design their own programs of 
study are encouraged to develop an individualized 
area of concentration in cooperation with their 
Mentors. The proposed plan of study must ulti- 

requirements for the major. Brief descriptions of 
majors are included under each discipline heading 
in the course description section of this catalog. 
Students desiring more specific information about 
major programs should consult their Mentor s,col- 
legial chairpersons and discipline coordinators. 
A list of the faculty-approved majors follows. 

History Music Religious Studies 

Human Resources Philosophy Russian Studies 

Humanities Philosophy/ Sociology 

Literature Religion Spanish 

Management Physics Theatre 

Mathematics Political Science Visual Arts 

Modern Languages Psychology 

mately be approved and have identified 
with it a specific committee of at least three faculty 
members. The approved study plan mustbefiled in 
the Registrar's office early in the Junior year. 


Credit toward a degree is awarded for satisfactory 
course completion, independent study projects, 
directed study programs, academic work certi- 
fied by another accredited degree-granting in- 
stitution, and proficiency demonstrated by ex- 

Ordinarily credit is earned by course completion. 
A normal full-time academic load is eight courses 
plus an autumn term in the Freshman year and 
eight courses plus a winter term project in each 
subsequent year. 

Credit may be earned through independent study 

by students who exhibit both the self-discipline 
and mastery of the methodologies demanded by 
the subject matter selected by the student. An 
independent study project is designed by a stu- 
dent in consultation with the professor who is to 
supervise and evaluate the work. An academic 
contract, drawn in advance, specifies the subject 
and method of inquiry, the texts, the purpose of 
the project, and the basis of evaluation and credit. 
Each contract must be approved by the Director of 
Independent Study. Independent study options 
are available for both on and off-campus opportu- 
nities. Freshmen are not permitted to take off- 
cam pus independent studies. Contracts for these 
purposes are available from the Registrar. 

Provision is also made forcredit by directed study. 
Both independent study and directed study re- 
quire advance planning by the instuctor and stu- 
dent. While initiative rests with the student for 
design of independent study, in directed study 
the instructor is responsible for supplying a sylla- 
bus which defines the program. Directed study 
syllabi are available from the Registrar. 

Credit is granted by transfer from accredited de- 
gree-granting institutions, up to a limit of 16 

courses, plus one autumn and one winter term. A 
student entering Eckerd College should request 
that a transcript of work done in other institutions 
be sent to the Registrar. When the transcript has 
been evaluated, the applicant is notified of the 
credit accepted by transfer. Eckerd College stu- 
dents who wish to en roll for part of their programs 
at other institutions should have the approval in 
advance of their Mentors, appropriate discipline 
faculty, and the Registrar. For more information 
on transfer credit, please see page 90. 

Credit for demonstrated proficiency is awarded 
when a student applies for it with the Registrar 
and successfully completes appropriate ex- 
aminations. College Level Examination Programs 

are recognized for both advanced placement and 
academic credit. For more information on CLEP, 
see page 91. 

The college recognizes that many experiences 
outside the classroom may contribute to a stu- 
dent's program. Internships, participation in 
community projects, and field experience may be 
accorded credit if closely coordinated with the 
student's academic program. Such experience 
ordinarily constitutes a part of a regular course or 
independent study project. 


The standard grading system of the college is A 
(Superior Work), B (Good Work), C (Satisfactory 
Work), D (Poor Work), and F (Unacceptable 
Work). All courses in which agradeof Cor higher 
has been earned shall count toward fulfilling de- 
gree requirements. A course in which a D grade is 
earned may fulfill degree requirements only 
when a grade of B or higher is earned in another 
full course. 


A Credit/No Credit grading option is available in 
each course/project for students who are at least 
second semester Freshmen. Students desiring 
this grading option must petition for the approval 
of the course instructor, the Mentor, and the 
Educational Policies and Program Committee. Pe- 
titions must be submitted prior to the beginning 
of a semester or term. Grades of Credit and No 
Credit cannot be subsequently changed to letter 

A grade of I (Incomplete) indicates that all course 
requirements are not complete by the end of the 
term and that, in the judgment of the instructor, 
extension of deadline is appropriate. Unless an 
earlier deadline is set by the instructor, a student 
will have thirty days into the next regular semester 
to complete the required work. If the work is not 
completed by that time, or the shorter deadline 
imposed by the instructor, the Incomplete will 
automatically become an F. 

In caseof formal voluntarywithdrawal before the 
end of the eight week of a semester, a grade of Wis 
recorded. If withdrawal occurs after that point, a 
grade of F is recorded. 

All grades are reported to students and entered 
on the official record of the college. Grades of F 
will not be removed from the transcript. A nota- 
tion will be recorded on the transcript of any 
substitute grade earned. Studentsmay not repeat 
a course for credit unless they receive a D, need to 
repeat the course in order to progress in se- 
quence, and have the approval of the instructor 
and academic dean. 


At the close of each semester, the Academic Re- 
view Committee analyzes the progress of every 
studentwho has failed acourse. Mentors, profes- 
sors, and student personnel advisors may be con- 
sulted. If, in the judgment of the Committee, the 
cumulative record is unsatisfactory, appropriate 
action is taken by the Committee. A student who 
has accumulated more than one F is placed in one 
of the following categories: Probation - two or 
three accumulated Failures; Subject to Dismissal 
- four accumulated Failures; Dismissal - more 
than four accumulated Failures. A student who 
has been dismissed for academic reasons will be 
ineligible to enroll in Eckerd College for at least 
one semester after the date of suspension. To 
apply for reinstatement after the dismissal, a stu- 
dent shall apply for readmission through the 
Dean of Students. 


Withdrawal from the college at any time is official 
only upon thecompletion of thewithdrawai form 
available in the Registrar's office. Requests for 

readmission following withdrawal should be sent 
to the Dean of Students. Students may withdraw 
to enroll in another college for courses not avail- 
able here but important to the student's total 
program. Such courses may be transferred upon 
the student's return, but must be approved in 
advance by the Mentor, discipline faculty and 
Registrar. Students requesting a withdrawal 
should consult with the Registrar. 


Eckerd College awards diplomas with honors to a 
fewstudentsineach graduating class. Criteria are 
entirely academic and include performance in 
courses, independent study and research, and on 
the comprehensive examination, thesis or proj- 
ect. Accomplishment in the complete college 
program is honored rather than in a major, con- 
centration, or discipline alone. The Honors/ 
Awards Committee calls for nomination for hon- 
ors from individual faculty members. Honors are 
conferred on recommendation of the committee. 


Registration dates are listed in the calendar at the 
back of this catalog. Upon completion of proce- 
dures as outlined in registration materials, the 
student's registration is approved by the business 
office and the Registrar. Students who register 
late wilt be charged an $80 fee. Proof of payment 
must accompany the registration. 

All courses for which the student wishes to regis- 
ter for credit must be listed on the official registra- 
tion form. The student is responsible for every 
course listed and can receive no credit for courses 
not listed on this form. After registration day, official 
changes in study lists may be made only through 
official drop/add cards approved by the instructors 
whose courses are involved. Unless a course is offi- 
cially dropped, a grade of F will be incurred if the 
student fails to meet the obligations of the course. 
No cou rse may be added after the d rop/add dead- 
lines which are printed in the calendar in the back 
of this catalog. 


Any regularly registered full-time student may 
audita course without fee, subject to permission 
of the instructor. Part-time students or students 
not registered for credit may attend courses as 
auditors subject to formal permission of the in- 
structor and payment of an auditor's fee of S160. 
Entry is made on the student's permanent record 
concerning audited classes. A course taken for 
audit may be changed to credit with the instruc- 
tor's permission, if the change is filed with the 
Registrar by the end of the eighth week of a 



Alphabetically by Discipline 


Courses are designated by three letters, followed by three to five numerals. 

1. The first letter indicates the collegium 
through which the course is offered. 
A-Creative Arts; L-Letters; C-Comparative 
Cultures; B-Behavioral Science; N-Natural 
Sciences; F-Foundations. Interdisciplinary 
coursesare indicated by thecollegial desig- 
nations ACR, BBS, ecu, LTR, NAS. 

2. The second two letters indicate the disci- 
pi ine. The letters VS indicate a Values Collo- 
quium; WH indicates Western Heritage; I 
or INT indicates a course offered abroad. 

3. The first digit of the three numbers indicates 
the level of the course: 1 and 2 indicate a 
course at the Freshman or Sophomore 
level; 3 and 4 indicate a course at the Junior 
or Senior level. 

4. The second and third digits are used at the 

discretionof the collegium, with the follow- 
ing exceptions: second digit: 
5 indicates a directed study 
9 indicates an independent study 
331-332 indicates Special Topics 
499 indicates a senior thesis or project. 

5. If a fourth or fifth digit is used, it designates 
different sections of the same course. 

6. Perspective courses are indicated by (A)- 
Aesthetic, (C)-Cross Cultural, (E)-Environ- 
mental, (S)-Social Relations, after the digits. 

Opportunities for independent study are avail- 
able in all collegia. Independent study con- 
tracts are negotiated between the student and 
the faculty sponsor. Independent study con- 
tract forms are available in the Registrar's 

Directed Studies are listed in this catalog. Copies of directed studies 
are available in the registrar's office 


An accounting concentration may be elected by a 
student as a skill area within the management 
major. Students electing accounting as a ski 1 1 area 
within the management major must meet the re- 
quirements for the Eckerd College Management 
programs. See Management for descriptions of 
those requirements and courses. 

ACR 225(A) Multimedia Studies in Aesthetics 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

Multi-media examination of great artistic crea- 
tions of civilization in various times and cultures. 
Developing ski I Is for analyzing the arts with confi- 
dence, openmindedness; gaining competence 
as critics and in assessing criticism. Two short 
exams, research paper. 


ACR 201 (A) Triartic Aesthetics or 
Understanding the Arts 

Profs. Richard Rice, Arthur Skinner 

Techniques, principles of theatre, music, art; 
making informed value judgments, functioning 
as effective, responsible, caring members of the 
cultural community. The creative process from 
the perspective of participant, performer, audi- 
ence member. Written critiques of gallery and 
performance attendance, two short research 
papers, panel presentation, oral presentation, 
term paper. 

ACR/VS 202(A) Literature and Vocation 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Moral, ethical and religious questions in profes- 
sional life, through the medium of the novel. 
Discussion of the books with practitioners of the 
professions who will supplement them from their 
own professional experience. Three to five page 
papers, in-class presentations, final exam. 

ATH 201(A) The Living Theatre 

For description see Theatre. 


Aesthetic Perspective Courses — American Studies — Anthropolgy 

CAN/VS 383(A) Primitive and Folk Art 

Prof. H end rick Serrie 

For description see Anthropology. 

LHI 248(A) History and Appreciation of 
Modern Painting Prof. Keith Irwin 

For description see History. 

LLI 226(A) Literary Genres: Short Novel 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

For description see Literature. 

LLI 227(A) Contemporary Fiction, 
Contemporary Issues Prof. Howard Carter 

For description see Literature. 

LLI/VS 311(A) Literary Themes: Literature as 
Human Experience 

Prof, jewel Spears Brooker 

For description see Literature. 

LLI 325(A) Men and Women Together: 
Examining our Literary Heritage 

Prof, julienne Empric 
For description see Literature. 

LTR/VS 308(A) Experience, Values 

and Criticism Prof. Keith Irwin 

Critical judgment involves ordering experiences 
according to values. Whether movie, TV show, 
music, art, poetry, novel or play, criteria of value 
are involved when we say, "I like this better than 
that." Criticisms of esthetic experience in light of 
someoftoday'stheoriesof value. McLuhan, Son- 
tag, Langer, Hauser, Fielder, Brooks, Sartre, 
others from Freudian, Marxist, Existentialist, 
Christian theories. Formal critical statements on 
works in at least two media. 


The student's program, developed in consulta- 
tion with the Mentor, should form a consistent 
pattern of courses in American culture, chosen 
from such fields as history, political science, liter- 
ature, philosophy, religion, art, economics, and 
sociology. The program will include a minimum 
of ten courses, with five or six from one discipline, 
and at least three from a second discipline. Six of 
the ten courses must be beyond the introductory 


The major in anthropology is designed to help 
students acquire the basic perspective and 
understandingsof thefield, as well asproficiency 
in applying the anthropological viewpoint to the 
world in which they live. Requirements for the 
major include successful completion of five core 
courses: Introduction to Anthropology, Re- 
search Methodology, Anthropological Theory, 
Physical Anthropology, and a choice of either 
Anthropological Linguistics, Applied Anthropol- 
ogy, or Introduction to Field Archaeology; plus 
successful completion of four other courses and 
one winter term in anthropology. Students who 
intend to pursue graduate studies in anthropolo- 
gy are strongly advised to take course work in the 
areas of statistics, language studies, history, 
sociology and psychology. Independent and 
directed study courses in various areas of anthro- 
pology are normally available each academic 
year. Anthropology majors are strongly encour- 
aged to participate in one or more overseas study 
experiences during their four years at Eckerd. 

CAN 201 The Anthropological Experience: 
Introduction to Anthropology 

Prof. Dudley DeCroot 

Multi-media investigation of the world of the 
anthropologist through slides, films, lectures, 
small group discussion, elementary field experi- 
ence. Concepts, viewpoints of contemporary 
anthropology, experiencing the world from an 
anthropological perspective. 

CAN 202 Introduction to Field Archaeology 

Prof. Dudley DeCroot 

Introduction to archaeology, participation in an 
archaeology field experience. Evaluation on con- 
tent and quality of field notebook, performance 
atfield site. Prerequisites: CAN201 orpermission 
of instructor. Limit 30. 



CAN 205 Peasant Cultures 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Peasantry as an economic, social, cultural type 
within a context of modernization and/or revolu- 
tion. Case studies of peasant villages, efforts at 
modernization, roleof peasants in twentieth cen- 
tury revolutions. Exams every two weeks, term 
paper. Offered every third year. 

CAN 207(C) Chinese Communist Society 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Major aspects of social organization at local 
levels, includingfamily, child-raising, position of 
women; nurseries, schools, clinics; Revolution- 
ary Committees that organize city neighbor- 
hoods, rural, urban places of work. Case studies 
of rural communes, overview of China's econo- 
mics since backyard furnaces, China's politics 
since the death of Mao. Exams every two weeks, 
term paper. 

CAN 208 Human Sexuality 

Prof. Dudley DeCroot 

Bio-social nature of human sexuality using 
anthropological, cross-cultural perspective, 
emphasis on exploration of sexuality as symboli- 
cally invested behavior, consequences of sym- 
bolic investment of sexuality in cultural, social, 
personal dimensions. Field work, exams, series 
of analytic projects. 

CAN 226 American National Character 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Anthropologists, sociologists, historians, foreign 
travelers have described culturally generalized 
characteristics of American personality. The best 
of these authors, including de Tocqueville, Gor- 
er, Henry, Hsu, Mead, Riesman, have stood the 
test of time, and offer insight into the customs and 
attitudes of Americans. Exercises in ethnographic 
observation, several exams. Offered every third 

CAN/LLI 230 Linguistics 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

The scientific study of language: phonetics, 
phonemics, phonology, morphology, syntax, 
grammar, semantics, historical and comparative 
linguistics, practical utilities in education and 
communications. Workbook exercises, several 

CAN 250/251 (Directed Study) 

The Endless |ourney: An Introduction to 

Anthropology I, II 

Prof. Dudley DeGroot 

Basic concepts, theoretical viewpoints, research 
techniques of contemporary anthropology. Re- 
quired reading, writing assignment will familiar- 
ize students with anthropological perspective, 
provide opportunity to apply that perspective. 

CAN 305 Culture and Personality 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Cross-cultural investigation of relationships be- 
tween personality and culture; introduction to 
major theoretical, conceptual tools utilized by 
anthropologists in the study of personality in cul- 
ture; data gathering techniques. Exams, term 
paper. Offered every third year. 

CAN 330 Physical Anthropology 

Prof. Dudley DeGroot 

Lab-lecture course on evolution and fossil homi- 
nids (apes and men). Lab sessions focus on under- 
standing what physical anthropologists do, and 
on gaining a knowledge of anthropometric tech- 
niques. Controversies engendered by nine- 
teenth, twentieth century anthropological 
studies. Offered alternate years. 

CAN 333 Making A Mirror For Man: 
An Introduction to Anthropological 
Research Methodology 

Prof. Dudley DeGroot 

Exploration of the anthropologist 'sways of know- 
ing. Students will have an opportunity to operate 
as anthropologists in design, implementation of 
different types of research modes. Field work 
projects. Prerequisite: CHN 201. Offered alter- 
nate years. 

CAN 334 Applied Anthropology 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Application of anthropology in business, indus- 
try, rural development program, foreign, domes- 
tic governmental agencies. Ethical/moral prob- 
lems facing applied anthropologists confronted 
with instituting change. Class exercises, field 
projects, term paper. Offered alternate years. 


Anthropology — Art 

CAN 335 Cultural Ecology 

Prof. Dudley DeCroot 

Method, theory of cultural ecology, relationships 
between environment, cultural systems. Basic 
ideas of cultural ecology with appropriate exam- 
ples of the interrelatedness of environment, 
cultural factors. Lecture-seminar approach. Two 
essay exams, final paper. Prerequisite: CAN 201 . 
Offered every third year. 

CAN 336 Ethnic Identity 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Ethnic identity seems to lie at the heart of national- 
ism, non-assimilation of minority to majority cul- 
tures, problems in intercultural understanding, 
communication, interaction. Examples of these 
phenomena in various cultures around the world, 
beginning with fundamental theoretical work, 
then concentrating on cases. Midterm exam, 15- 
page term paper. Offered every third year. 

CAN/VS 383(A) Primitive and Folk Art 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Graphic arts of technologically simple cultures 
around the world, through perspectives of art, 
anthropology. Styles, functions, broadercultural 
contexts of range of objects. Quizzes, exams, 
visual project or paper. Offered alternate years. 

CAN/VS 385(C) The Cultural Environment 
of International Business 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Challenge of conducting business operations 
successfully in cultural environment distinct from 
one's own. Role of culture on economics, man- 
agerial behavior in religion, values/attitudes, so- 
cial organizations, education, technology/mate- 
rial culture, political environment, law. Quizzes, 
term paper. 

CAN 436 Anthropological Theory 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Schools of thought on man's evolution, physical 
variation, sociocultural diversity, historical par- 
ticularism, diffusionism, culture and personality, 
culture and cognition, functionalism, structural- 
ism, general evolution and cultural ecology. 
Paper, exams. Prerequisite: one course in 
anthropology or sociology. Offered alternate 

CVS 483 Culture from the Inside Out 

Prof. Dudley DeCroot 

Exploring problems of getting inside another cul- 
ture: other cultures are sifted through the screen 
of our own encu Itu rat ion, with observations con- 
taining projections from our own value systems, 
cultural experience. Understanding cultures 
from the inside out, Emic aspects, values, percep- 
tions, feeling states, deeply rooted assumptions 
central to experiencing, understanding any 

ecu 282(C) East Asian Area Studies 

CCUA^S 388(C) Sino-Soviet Conflict 

For descriptions see Cross-Cultural Perspective 


Programs in visual arts are individually designed 
with a Mentor. Everyprogram must include Visual 
Problem Solving and Basic Drawing and two 
courses in Art History or Esthetics taken outside 
the discipline. Proficiency in drawing and design 
must be demonstrated in a Sophomore show be- 
fore the required thesis show may be undertaken 
in the Senior year. 

AAR 101 Visual Problem Solving 

Prof. James Crane 

Systematic approach to visual arts, developing 
skills in spatial organization, relating forms in 
sequence, discovering uniqueness, personal 
approach to solutions, even within narrow, arbi- 
trarily prescribed bounds; developing ability to 
make, articulate sensitive, astute judgment on 
the quality of solutions; developing increased 
dexterity in handling of visual media. 

AAR 102 Drawing Fundamentals 

Discovering new ways of seeing, feeling, record- 
ing, expressing images, forms. Basic skills course 
with regular attendance necessary. Freshmen, 
Sophomores given top enrollment preference. 
Course may be repeated with different instructor. 
Materials cost from $20 to $30. 

AAR 202 Clay Workshop: Raku Technique 

Japanese Raku technique of firing clay along with 
variations on technique. Glazing, firing are major 
emphasis, with some instruction in hand building 
(none in wheel throwing). Students responsible 



for showingall their work in individual interviews 
at end of course. Open to beginning, advanced 
students. Prerequisites: AAR 101 or AAR 102. 
Limit 15. 

AAR 222 Clay I Prof. John Eckert 

For beginners, fundamentals of ceramic mate- 
rials, handforming, recycling, glazing, firing. 
Wheel throwing optional. Lab sessions with su- 
pervised working time, weekly lectures on tech- 
nical knowledge. Written final exam. Nominalfee 
for glaze materials, clay. Permission of instructor 
required. Limit 18. 

AAR 225 Etching Prof. Arthur Skinner 

Techniques of etching, hard, softgrounds, aqua- 
tint, drypoint, engraving, color printing, emboss- 
ing, open biting (differenttechniqueeach week). 
Experimentation in all techniques required. Stu- 
dents to complete minimum of five etchings with 
small editions showing evidence of imaginative 
understanding of medium. Prerequisites: AAR 
101 or AAR 102. Limit 15. 

AAR 228 Painting Workshop 

Prof. James Crane 

Introduction to process of painting, emphasis on 
each student finding own imagery, exploring 
technical means. Any medium or combination 
allowed. Some materials provided; balance $50- 
$100. Prerequisites: AAR 101, 102 or permission 
of instructor by portfolio. Limit 15. 

AAR 229 Photography as Image Gathering 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

Techniques, materials, processes, esthetics of 
taking, processing black and white photos. 
Homemade pinhole cameras, camera of stu- 
dent's choice with adjustable shutter speed, 
aperture. Classroom lecture-demonstrations, 
notebook of technical data, summaries of dark- 
room procedures. Cost of materials $85-$100. 
Limit 15. 

AAR 230 Watercolor Painting I 

Prof. l\/largaret Rigg 

Class time will be used for discussions, critiques, 
demonstrations, field trips. Actual painting to be 
done outside class, minimum of two hours daily 
strongly recommended. Materials approximately 


AAR 241 Intermediate Drawing 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

Intermediate drawing skills, figure-ground spa- 
tial composition, individual development in 
drawing techniques, formal composition of two- 
dimensional space, technical mastery, develop- 
ment of images including graphite, pencil, pen 
and ink, watercolor, conte crayon, advanced use 
of pastels, charcoal on fine papers. Cost of mate- 
rials $30 to $50. Prerequisites: AAR 102, permis- 
sion of instructor. 

AAR 250 (Directed Study) 

History of the Print Prof. Arthur Skinner 

Chronological survey of the development and 
future of the print medium. Counts as one art 
history credit. Five papers and an oral exam. 

AAR 301 Collage and Assemblage 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

Two and three dimensional objects and images, 
employing various materials, exploring interface 
between painting, sculpture. Initial assignments 
willacquaintstudentswith media, imagepossibil- 
itieswith increased latitude for personal explora- 
tion as progress is made. Class critiques of works 
largely produced outside class, occasional dem- 
onstrations, slidepresentations. Begin collecting 
texturesand images. Prerequisites: AAR101, AAR 
102. Limit 15. 

AAR 308 Throwing on the Potter's Wheel 

Prof. John Eckert 

Throwing instruction, practice. Skill, esthetic 
considerations, techniques, critiques. Nominal 
feeforclay,glazematerials. Prerequisite: AAR222 
or permission of instructor. Limit 12. 

AAR 321 Advanced Drawing 

Studio for students ready to do serious work in 
various drawing media. Basic skills, development 
of personal mode of expression, critiques, mod- 
els. Must be capable of working independently, 
providing own supplies. Permission of instructor 



AAR 322 Advanced Photography Critique 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

Four intensive projects involving specific assign- 
ments to encourage imaginative examination of 
the local environment. Critiques weekly. Evalua- 
tion on final portfolio of minimum 20 finished 
mounted prints exhibiting technical excellence, 
creative insight. Prerequisites: Basic photogra- 
phy or AAR 229. Limit 15. 

AAR 327 Painting Workshop II 
AAR 328 Painting Workshop III 

Prof. James Crane 

Continuation of process begun in AAR 228. In- 
struction on individual basis with periodic group 
critiques. Emphasis on larger scale works, tech- 
nical appropriateness to apparent intent. Some 
materials provided; balance $100 up. Prereq- 
uisites: AAR 228 for AAR 327; AAR 327 for AAR 

AAR 323 Painting Critique 

Prof. James Crane 

Independent work with regular critiques for stu- 
dents who have taken Painting Workshop or had 
prior experience in painting. Not for beginners. 
No materials provided. 

AAR 324 American Calligraphy I 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

Traditional forms; learning of several consistent 
alphabets; designing, cutting alphabets from 
rubber erasers for use with colored stamp pads. 
Two hours of practice for each hour in class. Two 
finished, matted alphabets, two finished, matted 
quotations made by self-made stamps or hand- 
lettering on appropriate fine paper required, with 
class exhibit of works. Limit 17. 

AAR 325 American Calligraphy II 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

Continues development of understanding his- 
tory, meaning of fine lettering. Handwriting as a 
craft and as a Fine Art. One finished, matted cal- 
ligraphy piece due every two weeks. Quizzes, 
final project determined by individual skills, in- 
terests. Prerequisite: AAR 324. Limit 15. 

AAR 326 Visual Graphics 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

Various print media for beginners, but primarily 
for those who wish to do serious work in print- 
making. Emphasis will be on relief and intaglio 
techniques. Independent work, regular group 
critiques. Prerequisites: AAR 101, AAR 102, or 
permission of instructor based on sketch book or 

AAR 331 Welded Sculpture Workshop 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

Techniques, aesthetics of oxy-acetelene welded 
sculpture, transforming discarded metal into ex- 
pressive three-dimensional works. At least five 
sophisticated works expected from each student, 
judged on structural strength, aesthetic merit. 
Facilities limit class to eight. Prerequisite: AAR 101 
and permission of instructor. Priority given to 
upperclass students. 

AAR 340/420 Studio Critique 

Prof. James Crane 

Maximum of independence with regular cri- 
tiques, each student preparing contract for work 
in media of student's choice. Class time used for 
review of work, field trips, discussion. Cost of 
materials $50-$100. Prerequisites: AAR 101, AAR 
102, any media workshop. 

AAR 342 Graphics Workshop (Open) 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

Experienced printmakers develop skills, imagery 
in various graphic media. Attendance during lab 
times essential. Individual, group critiques held 
regularly. Final portfolio with minimum of seven 
prints with small editions showing evidence of 
definite progress in technique, imagery. Pre- 
requisites: AAR 328, AAR 225 or permission of 
instructor. Limit 15 

AAR 499 Senior Thesis and Show 
Preparation Prof. Margaret Rigg 

ForSeniorart majors preparing thesis shows, self 
structured time to work, regular weekly meet- 
ings, critiques, practice in hanging, criticizing 
shows. Personal, individual discussion time with 
instructor. Evaluation on quality of show, new 
works produced, organization, staging of show 
opening; grades deferred until presentation of 
show in second semester. Prerequisite: Senior 
status with major in art, expectations of gradua- 
tion this school year. 


Art — Biology 

ACR 201(A) Triartic Aesthetics or 
Understanding the Arts 

Profs. Arthur Skinner, Richard Rice 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective. 

AVS 388 The Art Experience 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

In first phase ot course, exploring artworks week- 
ly on critique day, in medium of student's choice: 
visual art, music, drama, dance, creative prose, 
poetry, art criticism. In second phase, each stu- 
dent presents a well-known artist, living or dead, 
as final project. Every student must attend all 

lAR 324 Art Patronage in London 

For description see London Offerings. 

For courses offered in Florence 
see Italy Offerings. 


See page 65. 


See page 83. 

NBI 121 General Biology 

Prof. John Reynolds 

Non-scientists, as well as scientists, need to be 
aware of scientific bases of issues such as pollu- 
tion, overexploitation of natural resources. 
General principles underlying biological science, 
in order to understand complex phenomena; sci- 
entific method; characteristics of, interactions 
between cells, organs, organisms, populations, 
communities, ecosystems. Lecture exams, lab 

NBI 187 Plant Biology Prof. Sheila Hanes 

Evolution, diversity of plant life, development of 
plants, their place in the ecosystem, responses to 
environmental conditions. Vascular, non- 
vascular marine, freshwater, land plants. Field 
trips. Lecture exams, lab reports, final exam. 

NBI 189 Marine Invertebrate Biology 

Prof. John Ferguson 

Structural basis, evolutionary relationships, 
biological functions, environmental interactions 
of animal life in the seas, introduction to biologi- 
cal richnessofourlocalarea. Sharpeningskillsfor 
rational problem solving, includingcritical obser- 
vation, delineating boundaries of inquiry, acquir- 
ing, analyzing data, communicating findings. 
Quizzes, exams, lab notebook, group project 
reports, group, self evaluation forms. 


Requirements for a major ordinarily include dem- 
onstration of basic knowledge and understand- 
ing of the history, method, and principles of 
plant and animal morphology, taxonomy, physi- 
ology, embryology, genetics, evolution and ecol- 
ogy. This demonstration will be satisfied by suc- 
cessful completion of a Senior comprehensive or 
thesis exam and the following courses: Marine 
Invertebrate Biology, Botany (or General Biology 
as an alternative to either of these) Biology of 
Vertebrates, Cell Biology, Geneticsand Develop- 
ment, Comparative Physiology, either General 
and Aquatic Ecology or Biology of Marine Verte- 
brates and an acceptable elective. In addition, 
each student must satisfactorily complete the 
Biology Seminar, and concepts of Chemistry land 
II. Minimal pre-professional requirements usual- 
ly further specify advanced courses in chemistry, 
mathematics, and physics. 

NBI 200 Biology of Vertebrates 

Prof. George Reid 

Classification, evolutionary history of verte- 
brates, their structure, neo-Darwinian evolution, 
manifestation of evolutionary features as seen in 
the anatomy of aquatic, terrestrial chordates. Two 
one-hour lecture/discussion sessions, six hours 
of lab per week. U'ritten and/or practical exams 
on completion of dissections, periodically in 

NBI 202 Cell Biology Prof. William Roess 

Cell structure, function, the flow of energy as the 
unifying principle linking photosynthesis, 
anaerobic, aerobic respiration, and the expendi- 
ture of energy by the cell. Chemical processes in 
living systems as related to structural subunits of 
cells. Experiments with molecular, cytological 
techniques appropriate to investigations in cell 
biology. Tests, lab reports, final exam. Pre- 
requisite: high school level chemistry, biology. 
Sophomore standing recommended. 



NBI 204 Microbiology Prof. Sheila Hanes 

Biology of microorganisms. Lab stresses micro- 
biological techniques, isolation and identifica- 
tion of organisms from selected genera. Tests, lab 
techniques, final exam. 

NBI 282(E) Economic Botany 

Prof. Sheila Hanes 

How plants affect the quality of life, interdepend- 
ence of humans and plants, importance of diverse 
environment. Evolution, historical aspects of 
plant-animal relationships, uses, management 
for present, future. Oral report, paper, three ex- 
ams. Prerequisite: at least Sophomore standing. 

NBI 301 General and Aquatic Ecology 

Prof. George Reid 

Physical, chemical, biological relationships in 
natural communities. Environmental factors, 
populations, community concept, traffic in ener- 
gy, biogeochemical cycles, social organization in 
ecosystems. Field work in nearby ponds. Gulf 
shoreline. Two one-hour lecture/discussion ses- 
sions, six hours lab per week. Quizzes, lab tech- 
niques, lab report, final exam. Prerequisites: NBI 
189, NBI 200, NB1 187, or permission of instructor. 

NBI 303 Genetics and Development: 
Interpretive Prof. William Roess 

Mendelian and transcription genetics from his- 
torical perspective. Keyexperimentsdescribed in 
sufficient detail to lead to better understanding of 
how questions are asked, answered in biological 
sciences. Gene regulation introduces processes 
in development. Tests, term paper, final exam. 
For Junior science students particularly in- 
terested in interdisciplinary work, orfor less pro- 
fessionally oriented biology majors. 

NBI 304 Comparative Physiology: 
Interpretive Prof. John Ferguson 

Physiological mechanisms of animals: osmotic, 
ion regulation, nutrition, excretion, respiration, 
circulation, temperature regulation, movement, 
nervous integration, endocrine function. Gener- 
al principles as revealed through comparative 
method; integration intootherareasof student's 
interest through interdisciplinary work. Term 
paper, or other type of activity. Quizzes, exams, 
prospectus, final report on interpretive work 
undertaken. Corequisite: NCH 122. 

NBI 305 Genetics and Development: 
Investigative Prof. William Roess 

Mendelian and transcription genetics from his- 
torical perspective. Keyexperimentsdescribed in 
sufficient detail to lead student to better under- 
standing of how questions are asked, answered in 
biological sciences. Gene regulation introduces 
processes, in development. Lecture/lab develop- 
ing specific skills, including how to grow, main- 
tain, experiment with microbial, possible mam- 
malian tissue culture cells. Tests, lab reports, final 
exam. For junior biology majors. 

NBI 306 Comparative Physiology: 
Investigative Prof. John Ferguson 

Physiological mechanisms of different animals: 
osmotic and ion regulation, nutrition, excretion, 
respiration, circulation, temperature regulation, 
movement, perception, nervous integration, en- 
docrine function. General principles as revealed 
through comparative method. Investigative lab, 
advanced methodology. Fourwritten lab reports, 
lab notebook, quizzes, exams. Prerequisite: NBI 
305; Corequisite: NCH 222. 

NBI 307 Biology of Marine Vertebrates 

Prof. John Reynolds 

Marine vertebrates have fascinated scientists, 
laypersons for centuries, despite logistic difficul- 
ties in studying them. Classification, characteris- 
tics, general ecology, current research method- 
ology. Field trip reports, lab exercises, term paper 
involving in-depth literature survey of relevant 
topic. Prerequisite: NBI 200. 

NBI 402 Advanced Topics in Ecology 

Prof. Ceorge Reid 

Selected aspects of aquatic or terrestrial ecosys- 
tems. Topics to be determined by student in- 
terests. Prerequisites: NB1 189, NBI 200, NBI 301. 

NBI 406 Advanced Topics in Botany 

Prof. Sheila Hanes 

Subjects investigated will be primarily deter- 
mined by student interest. Prerequisite: NB1 187. 

NBI 407 Paleobotany Prof. Sheila Hanes 

Ancient environments and formation of fossils, 
evolution of plants, research techniques, field 
trips to collect plant fossils. Term paper, oral 
presentation, fourexams. Prerequisite: plantsci- 
ence course and permission of instructor. 


Biology — Business Administration — Chemistry 

NBI 408 Biology Seminar (2-year sequence) 

Prof. John Ferguson, Biology Staff 

Seminars, discussions on topical problems in 
biology, especially those not fully explored in 
other areas of the biology curriculum; historical 
heritage of the discipline. Each student makes at 
least one presentation, attends, actively contri- 
butes to all meetings. Junior, Senior biology ma- 
jors participate for one course credit; Sopho- 
mores invited to attend. 

NAS/VS 382(E) Man and the Ocean 
Environment Prof. John Ferguson 

NAS/VS 383(E) Ecology, Evolution and Natural 
Resources Prof. Stieila Hanes 

NAS/VS 385(E) Marine Mammals: 
Their Biology and Interactions with Man 

Prof. Jotin Reynolds 

For descriptions see Environmental Perspective 

NBI 422 Advanced Topics in Genetics 

Prof. William Roess 

Principles of human genetics, genetics of chro- 
mosomal abnormalities, physiological defects, 
behavior disorders. Biological, social implica- 
tions of advances in human genetics; specific 
depth, breadth of study largely determined by 
interests, background of students. Prerequisite: 
general genetics or permission of instructor. 


A business administration concentration may be 
elected by a student as a skill area within the 
management major. Students electing business 
administration as a skill area within the manage- 
ment major must meet the requirements for the 
Management programs. See MANAGEMENT for 
descriptions of those requirements and courses. 

NBI 499 Independent Research — Thesis 

Upon invitation. Seniors may design, carry out a 
creative research program, usually resulting in a 
written dissertation which is presented, de- 
fended in the spring. Each participant will consult 
closely throughout the course with at least one of 
the biology faculty. Preliminary prospectus, 
periodic progress reports, dissertation. Pre- 
requisites: three years of superior work in biolo- 
gy, and invitation from biology faculty. 

NAS 207 Introduction to Geology 

Prof. George Reid 

Composition of earth's crust, dynamics, proc- 
esses leading to present-day land forms; under- 
standing earth materials, forces that modify these 
substances. Mineralogy, crustal movements, vol- 
canism, ground and surface waters, glaciation 
covered in first part of course; historyof earth, its 
inhabitants, surface features in second part. Lab 
on rocks, minerals, fossil types, interpretation of 
geologic, topographic maps. Field trips. Reports, 
exams. Offered alternate years. 




Students majoring in chemistry, for the B.A. de- 
gree, must take Concepts in Chemistry 1 and 11, 
Organic Chemistry I and II, Analytical Chemistry, 
Physical Chemistry I, Experimental Chemistry I, 
ChemistrySeminar(junior and Senior years), Cal- 
culus I and II, Physics I and II and one upper level 
chemistry elective. For the B.S. degree, students 
must take Physical Chemistry II, Advanced In- 
organic Chemistry, Advanced Organic Chemis- 
try, and Experimental Chemistry II beyond those 
courses required for the B.A. degree. In addition, 
B.S. degree candidates must fulfill the require- 
ment of 16 courses in the Natural Sciences. For 
either degree, students must maintain a C aver- 
age in Chemistry and supporting courses. 

juniors and Seniors are involved in Experimental 
Chemistry I and II, a three semester laboratory 
program integrating analytical, inorganic in- 
strumental, organic and physical chemical 
methods and techniques. Projects undertaken 
are problem-solving oriented and become in- 
creasingly mo re sophisticated during the first two 
semesters of the program. The final semester is 
devoted to an independent research project of 
the student's choice. 

NCH 101 Introduction to Chemistry 

Mathematical, conceptual skills for successful 
studyof chemistry, particularly useful to students 
with limited backgrounds in mathematics/ 
chemistry who wish to study chemistry and/or the 
biological sciences. Problem-solving, quantita- 



tive relationships inherent in chemical concepts. 
Quizzes, tests, final exam. Prerequisite: high 
school algebra. 

NCH 121 Concepts in Chemistry I 

Principles of modern chemical theory for majors 
in the sciences. Stoichiometry, periodicity, 
atomic structure, chemical bonding, molecular 
geometry; inorganic, organic examples. Physi- 
cal, chemical behavior of gases, liquids. Lab large- 
ly quantitative. Tests, quizzes, final exam. Pre- 
requisites: high school chemistry course, three 
years of high school mathematics, or NCH 101 
with a grade of C or better. 

NCH 122 Concepts in Chemistry II 

Principles of modern chemical theory of special 
importance to in chemistry, molecular 
biology. Thermodynamics, acid-base chemistry, 
chemical equilibrium, electrochemistry, ki- 
netics, introduction to organic chemistry, bio- 
chemistry. Lab largely quantitative, includes use 
of instrumentation for pH, redox, spectrophoto- 
metric measurements. Quizzes, tests, final exam. 
Prerequisite: NCH 121 with grade of C or better. 

NCH 221 Organic Chemistry I 

Prof. Wayne Guida 

First part of two-course sequence dealing with 
chemistry of carbon-containing compounds. 
Reactions, three-dimensional structure, bonding 
of carbon compounds particularly hydrocarbons 
and a study of functional or reactive groups in 
relation to reactivity of organic compounds. Lab 
on basic techniques of organic chemistry, 
preparation of several simple organic com- 
pounds. Tests, quizzes, final exam. Prerequisite: 
NCH 122 with grade of C or better. 

NCH 320 Analytical Chemistry 

Prof. Alan Soli 

Modern analytical measurements, separations, 
and instrumentation including acid-base, redox, 
solubility, complexation equilibria and their ap- 
plications to analysis. Lab develops basic tech- 
niques to illustrate analytical principles. Tests, 
final exam, lab reports. Prerequisites: NCH 222, 

NCH 321 Physical Chemistry I 

Prof. Reggie Hudson 

Laws of thermodynamics; free energy, chemical 
equilibrium; liquids, simple phase equilibria; 
heterogeneous equilibrium; solutions of electro- 
lytes, non-electrolytes; colligative properties; 
electrochemistry, chemical kinetics, and kinetic 
theory. Tests, problems, final exam. Prerequi- 
sites: NCH 221-222, NMA131-132,NPH 141-142 or 
permission of instructor. For Junior chemistry 

NCH 322 Physical Chemistry II 

Prof. Reggie Hudson 

Wave mechanics, chemical bonding, atomic and 
molecular spectroscopy and structure, statistical 
thermodynamics and somemolecularsymmetry. 
Tests, problems, final exam. Prerequisite: NCH 
325. For Junior chemistry majors. 

NCH 326 Experimental Chemistry I: 
Techniques and Instrumentation 

Integrated, advanced one semester course deal- 
ing with practical applications of modern ex- 
perimental techniques, modern chemical instru- 
mentation. Required of all chemistry majors, nor- 
mally in Junioryear. Lab reports, quizzes. Prereq- 
uisite: NCH 320. 

NCH 222 Organic Chemistry II 

Prof. Wayne Guida 

Continuationof study of carbon-containing com- 
pounds proceeding from simpler to more com- 
plex functional groups. Spectroscopic methods 
such as infrared spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic 
resonance spectroscopy. Lab on preparation of 
organic compounds, qualitative methods for de- 
termination of unknown organic substances. 
Tests, quizzes, final exam. Prerequisite: NCH 221 
with grade of C or better. 

NCH 422 Advanced Organic Chemistry 

Prof. Wayne Guida 

Structure elucidation of complex organic mole- 
cules via infrared, ultraviolet, nuclear magnetic 
resonance spectroscopy and mass spectrometry, 
advanced synthetic methods, elucidation of reac- 
tion mechanism, stereo chemistry, molecular re- 
arrangements, organometallic chemistry. Tests, 
final exam. Prerequisite: NCH 222. 


Chemistry — Comparative Literature — Composition 

NCH 424 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 

Prof. Richard Neithamer 

Electronic structure, periodic properties of the 
atom; theories, properties of covalent bond; 
stereochemistry in inorganic molecules; inor- 
ganic solid state; acid-base chemistry; coordina- 
tion, organometallic chemistry; application of 
thermodynamics to inorganic systems, inorganic 
reaction mechanisms, non-aqueous solvents, 
boron hydride chemistry. Reading, problem as- 
signments for each class period. Three exams. 
Prerequisite: NCH 420. For Senior chemistry 

NCH 425 Biochemistry Prof. Wayne Guida 

A study of chemical processes which occur in 
livingcells: molecularcomponentsofcells, meta- 
bolic pathways involved in generation of phos- 
phate bond energy, biosynthetic pathways which 
utilize phosphate bond energy. Tests, quizzes, 
paper, final exam. Prerequisite: NCH 222 with 
grade of C or better. 

NCH 426 Experimental Chemistry II: 
Advanced Techniques and Research 

Continuation of NCH 326. Integrated, advanced 
one year lab course dealing with more sophisti- 
cated techniques of experimental chemistry, cul- 
minating in research project. Required of all B.S. 
chemistry majors in Senior year. Lab reports, 
quizzes. Prerequisite: NCH 325. 

NCH 428 Chemistry Seminar 
(2-year sequence) 

Series of papers, discussions on topics in chemis- 
try, related subjects. Weekly meetings with stu- 
dent, faculty, visitor participation. Junior, Senior 
chemistry majors present one paper a year. One 
course credit on satisfactory completion of the 
two years of participation. Continuation in semi- 
nar contingent upon satisfactory progress in up- 
per division courses. 

NCH 499 Independent Research — Thesis 

Chemistry majors who have demonstrated supe- 
rior ability in the field may be invited to do in- 
dependent research with a member of the chem- 
istry staff during their Senior year. The student 
will be responsible for submitting a proposal of 
the research planned, carrying out the work, writ- 
ing a thesis reporting the findings of the research 
and defending the thesis before a thesis com- 

NVS 484 Toward the Year 2000 

Prof. Richard Neithamer 

Future of science, technology. Seminar format, 
topics determined by student interest, concern. 
Groups research, present position papers; mor- 
al, ethical aspects discussed, debated by entire 
group; interdisciplinary, each student assuming 
position of responsible professional in own disci- 
pline. Research paper on topic of student's 
choice relating to aspect of science, technology in 
future. Open to Juniors/Seniors. 

NAS 281(E) Environmental Chemistry and 
Society Prof. Alan Soli 

NAS/LTR 283(E) The Growth and Nature of 
Scientific Views 

Profs. Reggie Hudson, Peter Pav 

For descriptions see Environmental Perspective 


Comparative literature is an interdisciplinary 
approach to literature. Students declare three 
areas: 1) five courses in a literature (commonly 
English and/or American), 2) three courses in a 
foreign language (such as French, German, or 
Spanish), of which at least two are literature 
courses, and 3) two courses in a second foreign 
language (at any level), or in another discipline 
(such as history, religion, philosophy, etc.), or in 
an approved specialty (world literature in transla- 
tion, myth, the Don Juan tradition, etc.). Students 
should have one course using comparative 
methodology. Linguistics and literary criticism 
are recommended. 


FDN 121, 122, 123 Composition 

Personalized to help students become stronger 
writers; placement levels determined by writing 
sample. One or more composition courses are 
required if initial writing sample does not indicate 
proficient writing (for more complete explana- 
tion of requirement, see page 14.) Course study 
includes organization, logic, content, mechan- 
ics, prewriting, editing, answering essay ques- 
tions, developing sentences, paragraphs, essays, 
researching, organizing, documenting papers. 
Writing regularly in class, grammar, word study, 
analysis of assignments, discussion, individual 
conferences. Midterm, final essays. 


Composition — Creative Writing 

FDN 121 Composition 

First in sequence of composition offerings, de- 
signed to help mastertheexpository essay. Struc- 
ture, techniques, patterns for introductory, 
body, concluding paragraphs, sentence struc- 
ture, vocabulary, stylistic choices. Limited 

AWW 231 Children's Literature Workshop 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Reading, writing fiction, verse, exploring possi- 
bilities of children's literature. Students bring 
their own work to class for discussion, evaluation. 
Open to all, preference given to upperclass stu- 
dents. Limit 15. Offered alternate years. 

FDN 122 Composition 

Second in the composition sequence; develops 
waystoexplain, inform readerabout writer's sub- 
ject. Practicable writing assignments in descrip- 
tion, narration, exposition, argumentation; tech- 
niques used in models written by skillful writers; 
writing in and out of class, representative of mod- 
el types. Limited enrollment. 

FDN 123 Composition 

Third in composition sequence; flexibility of lab 
sessions, workshops, conferences to meet indi- 
vidual need. Concentration on particular skills 
which have not been mastered; improving, 
polishing writing. Personalized writing assign- 
ments for level of achievement. Limited enroll- 

AWW 2/3/427 Fiction Workshop 

Various fictional techniques. Students bring their 
stories, sketches for discussion, review in class. 
Familiarity with current fiction, books about cur- 
rent fiction encouraged. Open to all, preference 
given to upperclass students. Limit 15. 

AWW 2/3/428 Fiction Workshop 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Fiction writing, emphasis on short story. Stu- 
dents' stories read aloud, discussed in class. 
Familiarity with varieties of fiction, primary 
sources for commentary. Writing, rewriting, crit- 
ical principles, development of works through 
several phasesof composition. Students maytake 
this course more than once. Limit 15. 


The Writing Workshop helps develop serious 
writers — students who think of themselves pri- 
marily as writers and students for whom writing 
will bean importantavocation. Students develop 
theircurriculum individually in consultation with 
the Mentor. Course work varies considerably, 
but normally must include at least two workshops 
(fiction and poetry writing are required; at least 
one of the following is required: playwriting, 
journal writing, or Children's Literature Work- 
shop); and six other courses in literature, at least 
two pre-19th century British and one American. 
Seniors are required to complete a thesis or 
Senior manuscript. 

AWW 201 Criticism 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Writing reviews of new books in poetry, fiction, 
for different audiences: mass newspapers, mid- 
dlebrow magazines, scholarly journals. Com- 
pare/analyze student reviews with reviews by pro- 
fessionals. Limit 15. 

AWW 2/3/429 Poetry Workshop 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Formsand techniques in poetry. Studentssubmit 
their poems for discussion, review. Familiarity 
with current poetry magazines encouraged. 
Open to all, preference given upperclass stu- 
dents. Limit 15. 

AWW 305 The Intimate Connection: 
Journals, Diaries and Letters 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

Journals, diaries, letters chosen fortheir empha- 
sis on the creative process. Connections between 
our lives and our creative expression by writing 
our own journals. Class reports on journals, 
diaries or letters chosen by each student, final 
collection of selections from each student's 

AWW 331 One-Act Play Workshop 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Writing one-act plays, reading at least 25 short 
plays, including traditional and experimental 
forms. Each student will write at least two plays, 
some of which will be read, discussed in class. 
Production of original plays encouraged. Limit 15. 


Cross-Cultural Perspective Courses — Directed Study Courses 


BPO 215(C) Comparative International 
Policies Prof. Claud Sutcliffe 

For description see Political Science. 

CCU/VS 388(C) The Sino-Soviet Conflict 

Profs. William Parsons, Hendrick Serrie 

Historical roots of enmity between China and 
Russia. Values inherent in Chinese and Russian 
culture, society; ideological, territorial, strategic 
conflicts. Roleof Sino-Soviet conflict in American 
foreign policy. Hour exam, oral reports, term 
paper. Offered every third year. 

CAN 207(C) Chinese Communist Society 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

For description see Anthropology. 

CAN/VS 385(C) Cultural Environment of 
International Business 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

For description see Anthropology. 

CCU/FWH 183(C) United States Area Studies 

Profs. Dudley DeGroot, Carolyn Johnston 

For description see Foundations Courses. 

ecu 282(C) East Asian Area Studies 

Profs. Gilbert Johnson, Hendrick Serrie 

While political events, trade relations draw our 
attention to the East, it is often some distinctive 
aspect of culture or some scarcely definable qual- 
ity of life that fascinates us and wins our admira- 
tion. Examination of more enduring features of 
Chinaand Japan, through art, architecture, litera- 
ture, customs, religious beliefs, intellectual tradi- 
tions. Three tests, occasional quizzes on each 
area. Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher. 

ecu 283(C) Soviet Area Studies 

Prof. William Parsons 

Understanding Russians as people, Russia's con- 
tribution to Western civilization, the impact of the 
Bolshevik Revolution on Russian society, role of 
the Soviet Union in the world today. Several short 
papers or projects, midterm exam, and final 
exams. Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher. 

ecu 284(C) French Area Studies 

Prof. Henry Genz 

Modern France with emphasis on post World War 
II period. Village, urban life, distinguishing char- 
acteristics of the French people, their institu- 
tions, traditions, customs, values, literature, art, 
music. Project, tests, final exam. Prerequisite: 
Sophomore or higher. 

CHI 241(C) The Rise of Russia 

Prof. William Parsons 

CHI 242(C) Modern Russia and the Soviet 
Union Prof. William Parsons 

For descriptions see History. 

CRE 220(C) Life and Death in Indian 

Hindu Culture Prof. Gilbert Johnson 

CRE 240(C) Non-Western Religions 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

CRE 343(C) Religions of China and Japan 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

For descriptions see Religion. 

INT/VS 2/379(C) Florence Seminar 

For description see Italy Offerings. 

INT/VS 289(C) London Colloquium 

For description see London Offerings. 

LHI 202(C) Europe in Transition: 1300-1815 

Prof. William Wilbur 

LHI 203(C) Foundations of Contemporary 
Europe: 1815-1845 Prof. William Wilbur 

LHI 281(C) History of Canada since the 
French Settlement Prof. William Wilbur 

For descriptions see History. 

LLI 243(C) Modern French Culture Through 
Literature Prof. Rejane Genz 

For description see Literature. 


See Index. 


East Asian Area Studies — Economics 


Aconcentration in EastAsian AreaStudies maybe 
planned through a supervising committee of 
three faculty members. 

ecu 282(C) East Asian Area Studies 

For description see Cross-Cultural Perspective 

BEC 379 Urban Economics 

Prof. Pete Parcel Is 

The economic framework of urban areas, eco- 
nomic interrelationships between the urban core 
and the metropolitan area. Problems of location, 
land use, industrial and population distribution, 
transportation, finance, housing, raceand pover- 
ty. Research paper, midterm, final exams. Pre- 
requisites: BEC 281 and BEC 260. 


In addition to the col legial requirements of statis- 
tics, students majoring in economics are required 
to take a minimum of eight economics courses 
and Calculus I. All students will take Principlesof 
Microeconomics, Principles of Macroeco- 
nomics, IntermediateMicroeconomics, Interme- 
diate Macroeconomics and History of Economic 
Thought. In addition, students will choose three 
economics electives from a list of approved 

BEC 381 Intermediate Microeconomics 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

Continuation of Principles of Microeconomics. 
Theoretical basis for consumer demand theory; 
empirical, methodological problems in oper- 
ationalizing demand theory; pricing, output 
decisionsof industries, firms using simple mathe- 
matical, geometric models; price, output adjust- 
ments firms, industries make when confronted 
with initial disequilibrium situations. Three one- 
hour tests, final exam. Prerequisite: BEC 281. Re- 
quired for all students majoring in economics. 

BEC 281(S) Principles of Microeconomics 

Principlesand application of pricetheory. Opera- 
tion of market system illustrated with examples in 
energy, environmental, other social policy. In- 
dustrial structure, pricing of output under differ- 
ent competitive structures. Analysis of policy 
trade-offs in economic decision making. One 
hour tests, final exam. Required of all students 
majoring in economics. 

BEC 282(S) Principles of Macroeconomics 

National income determination theory. Analysis 
of national income, role of federal government in 
maintaining high level of income, employment 
without inflation, monetary, fiscal policy. Recent 
economic problems of inflation, recession, bal- 
ance of payments; policy trade-offs in economic 
decision makings. Tests, final exam. Required of 
all students majoring in economics. 

BEC 283(S) The Economics of War: 
Efficiency in Death and Destruction 

Prof. Pete Parcells 

Social/economic impact of Vietnam era policy, 
production, practices. Economic valuation of 
human life, production of weapons, foreign and 
domestic economic impact; analytical approach 
using economic theory to explain expenditure of 
over $150 billion. Several reading reports, term 

BEC 382 intermediate Macroeconomics 

Prof. Tom Oberhofer 

Basic determinants ofaggregate demand, supply. 
National income accounts; static analysis of ag- 
gregate market for goods, services using Key- 
nesian, monetarist and neo-classical ap- 
proaches; applications of macro theory to prob- 
lems of domestic stabilization, balance of pay- 
ments. Tests, paper, final exam. Prerequisites: 
BEC 282, BES 260. Required of all students major- 
ing in economics. 

BEC 383 Labor Economics 

Prof. Tom Oberhofer 

Operations of labor markets, wage, employment 
determination, human capital theory, economics 
of discrimination, labor market forecasting, role 
of unions in labor market activities. Several hour- 
ly exams, research projects, final exam. Prereq- 
uisite: BEC 281 or BES 260. 

BEC 384 Managerial Economics 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

Utilizing economic theory, methodology in busi- 
ness decision making. Integrates micro and mac- 
roeconomics, mathematics (calculus) and statis- 
tics in solving typical problems faced by business 
and society. Optimization techniques under con- 
ditions of uncertainty. Prerequisites: BEC 281, 
BES 260 or permission of instructor. 



BEC 386 Money and Banking 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

Structure of commercial banking in U.S., how 
structure evolved; functions banks perform in 
today's modern market economy; monetary 
theory; understandingmoney economy. Primari- 
ly for students majoring in economics, or man- 
agementwith an economicsorfinanceemphasis. 
Prerequisite: BEC 282. 

BEC 388 Economic Development 

Prof. Tom Oberhofer 

Problems faced by economically developing 
countries: factors contributing to or retarding 
economic development; how domestic, interna- 
tional resources can be utilized in pursuit of de- 
velopment goals. Cultural, political, economic 
aspects of development. Paper, exams. Prereq- 
uisites: BEC 281 and 282. 

BEC 389 Natural Resource and 
Environmental Economics 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

Physical environmental problems due to market 
failure (externalities) associated with population 
growth, economicgrowth, exploitation of natural 
resources. Benefit-cost analysis, cost-effective 
analysis to help correct problem of resource mis- 
allocation, environmental degradation. In-class 
exams, paper or project on contemporary en- 
vironmental or natural resource problem. Pre- 
requisite: BEC 281. 

BEC 484 Public Finance 

Prof. Tom Oberhofer 

Fiscal operations of federal, state, local govern- 
ments; major components of American tax sys- 
tem (income, sales, property, social security); 
expenditure patterns for all levels of government. 
Fiscal relations between different levels of gov- 
ernment, revenue sharing, distributional impact 
of fiscal system, policy options available to gov- 
ernment for dealing with poverty, education, 
economic growth. Tests, paper, final exam. Pre- 
requisites: BEC 281 and 282, BES 260. 

BEC 486 The History of Economic Thought 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

Primary writings, works, social, historical en- 
vironment of major economic theorists since 
Adam Smith: Smith, Ricardo, Malthus, Bentham, 
Say, Senior, Mill, Durkheim, Marx, Weber, Veb- 
len, Keynes, others. Paper on specific author, 
midterm, final exam. Prerequisite: BEC 281 . 

BEC 488 International Economics 

Prof. Pete Parcells 

International trade theory and aspects of interna- 
tional finance. Tariffs, quotas, exchange rates, 
balance of payment. Applications to current in- 
ternational problems. Several tests, research 
paper, final exam. Prerequisites: BEC 281 and 
282, and BES 260. 

BEC/VS 301 (S) The Social (Economic) 
Construction of Reality 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

Waysinwhich human beings, community groups 
interact, methods they adopt, create to bring to 
fruition their shared values. Creation, operation 
of institutions, bureaucracies as they affect social, 
economic environment. Presentations, final pa- 
per and/or exam. 

BVS 335 Nuclear War Prof. Tom Oberhofer 

The impact of nuclear war on U.S. society, focus- 
sing on weapons, effects, attack scenarios, post- 
war recovery, and the nature of the post-attack 
economic, social, political environment. Current 
government planning activities, the policy and 
value issues such planning involves. Research 
project, exams. Limited to juniors and Seniors. 

BVS 383 Economic Development of the 
United States Prof. Pete Parcells 

Growth and change in the U.S. since the indus- 
trial revolution, emphasis on evolution of capi- 
talist institutions, comparative economic per- 
formance, current economic problems. Book cri- 
tique, paper presentation, two exams. 





Through the Eckerd College Teacher Education 
Program, students can earn early childhood, 
elementary, or secondary certification. Students 
must apply for admission to the Teacher Education 
Program through the Director of Teacher Educa- 
tion, who is responsible for all programs ap- 
proved by the Florida State Department of Educa- 
tion. Students considering teaching as a possible 
profession or Education as a field of study should 
contact the Director of Teacher Education in the 
Creative Arts Collegium, and request a copy of 
The Education Student Handbook. The handbook 
outlines all guidelines and requirements for 
teacher certification programs. 

Elementary Education 

The Elementary Education major requires a mini- 
mum of 15 courses in general education, with not 
fewer than two courses and not more than four 
coursesearned in each of the five following areas: 
communication (two to four courses), human ad- 
justment (four courses), biological sciences or 
physical sciences (one course) and mathematics 
(one course), social sciences (two to four 
courses), humanities and applied arts (four 
courses to include one in art, one in music, one in 
leisure recreation/movement). The majoralso re- 
quires seven courses and a comprehensive ex- 
amination. Each student will be expected to have 
aperiod of intensive studyoff campus in aculture 
otherthan his/her own. Students majoring in Ele- 
mentary Education must meet all requirements 
stated in The Education Student Handbook. 

Secondary Education 

Eckerd college has approved programs for Sec- 
ondary Education in Art (K-12), Biology (7-12), 
English (7-12), French (7-12), German (7-12), His- 
tory (7-12), Mathematics (7-12), Music (K-12), Psy- 
chology (7-12), Social Studies (7-12) and Spanish 
(7-12). The 7-12 certification programs include 
completion of six courses in professional educa- 
tion and sufficient required courses to qualify for 
a major in the content area. For K-12 certification 
in Art and Music the student must complete the 
aforementioned program and one course in 
Teaching and Learning: Theory and Practice. Stu- 
dents seeking secondary certification must meet 
all requirements stated in The Education Student 

Early Childhood Certification 

Students may wish to add Early Childhood Educa- 
tion certification to the Elementary Education ma- 
jor. This would require completion of major re- 
quirements as well as two courses in Early Child- 
hood Education. 

Child Development 

The Child Development concentration is de- 
signed for those students who wish to work with 
children outside the public school classroom. 
Students selecting this concentration are not cer- 
tified by the State of Florida as classroom teach- 
ers. Instead the concentration focuses on an ex- 
cellent background in the liberal arts, child de- 
velopment and psychology to prepare students 
for a variety of child centered careers. The Child 
Development concentration includes: (1) the 
basiccore (Development of the Young Child, The 
Creative Process, The Family, Observational 
Methodologies, Seminar in Child Development 
Research, Statistics, Adolescent Psychology, De- 
velopmental Psychology, Education of the Young 
Child, and Practicum and Seminar in Child Ser- 
vices), (2) an area of emphasis, (3) an internship, 
(4) a comprehensive examination, thesis or proj- 
ect, and (5) a winter term in Child Development. 
The area of emphasis (No. 2 above) includes at 
least five courses that correspond to the student's 
long range professional goals, i.e., history or 
political science correspond to interest in child 
advocacy or educational law; literature corres- 
ponds to children's librarianship; creative writing 
corresponds to children's authorship and 

AED 101 Environments of Learning 

Prof. Richard Bredenberg 

Formal, informal learning environments; how 
learners learn, how teachers teach; schools(pub- 
lic, private, traditional, innovative); other learn- 
ing centers (libraries, museums, galleries, sci- 
ence centers, business places, correctional insti- 
tutions, churches); programs (for handicapped, 
gifted, average, child, adult, aged). Appraising 
teaching, managerial skills of programs in rela- 
tion to learning theory. Six field trips. Each stu- 
dent researches one program in depth, partici- 
pating as para-professional for40 hours, journal, 
two exams. Offered alternate years. 

AED 202(S) Development of the Child in 
Society Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Development of child from birth to age six; bio- 
logical, familial, cultural influences. Family, so- 
cial class, family status, parenting style, personal- 
ity development, peer socialization, attachment 
behavior, sex role identification, heredity, hu- 
man potential, cultures, child rearing research, 
applying knowledge to student's own childhood, 
journal, essay, structured investigative paper, 
two exams. 



AED 203 Education of the Young Child 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Development, implementation of optimum 
learning environment for children. Theorists 
such as Piaget, Steiner, Froebel, Kohlberg. Plan- 
ning learning environments that foster physical, 
intellectual, spiritual development. Students 
posit political, psychological, sociocultural 
theory of education, design instructional model. 
Prerequisite: AED202(S). 

AED 204 The Creative Process 

Prof. Richard Bredenberg 

Learning-by-doing: creative problem solving, 
awareness of own creative processes, nurturing 
personal creativity, helping to foster it in others. 
Practice problems representative of those en- 
countered in academic studies and environment, 
work, the larger community. Final exam. 

standing of learning theory related to models of 
teaching, as well as models of student's design. 
Perodic exams, in-class presentations, paper. 
Prerequisite: BPS 102, BPS 202. 

ARD 325/26 Teaching and Learning: Theory 
and Practice II, III 

Profs. Molly Ransbury, Kathryn Watson 

interactions between, among teaching/learning 
styles and strategies in relation to content. Stu- 
dents plan classroom instructional activities for 
readingand languagearts, science, mathematics, 
social studies; participate in practicum at 
elementary school; design individual education 
plan for average student, exceptional student. 
Two exams; group, individual projects; synopses 
of related professional literature/research; jour- 
nal. Prerequisite: acceptance into the Education 

AED/APS 207 Group Dynamics 

Prof. Kathryn Watson 

Theories of group process, laboratory ap- 
proaches to group study, primary observation, 
analysis of small groups. Transitional stages of 
groups, individual roles within groups, lead- 
ership styles, otherfactors related to functioning, 
malfunctioning of groups. Midterm, final exams, 
three short papers. 

AED 350 (Directed Study) 

Introduction to the Education of Exceptional 

Children Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Survey of field of education of exceptional chil- 
dren; nature, needs of children with specific 
physical, mental, emotional exceptionalities. 
Students participate in school-based exceptional 
child program. Three short papers, each focusing 
on different exceptionality; research paper, final 

AED/BPS 323 Observation Methodologies 

Prof. Kathryn Watson 

Observation, a fundamental way to learn about 
children, their interactions with environment, 
people, has aided researchers in establishing 
norms of growth, behavior; provided primary 
data to build developmental theories. Process, 
techniques for data collection from infancy to 
adolescence; formulating, testing hypotheses of 
human development. Direct observation, inter- 
view techniques, content analysis: diary, speci- 
men descriptions; time, eventsampling; trait rat- 
ing, life setting descriptions. Two exams. Pre- 
requisites: BPS 102, BPS 202 or AED 202(S). 

AED 324 Teaching and Learning: Theory and 
Practice I 

Profs. Molly Ransbury, Kathryn Watson 

For any Junior/Senior student wishing to explore 
learningtheories: social relations theory (Inquiry 
Model); personality theory (Synectics Model); 
information processing systems (Taba's Induc- 
tive TeachingModel). Demonstrate/apply under- 

lED 351 (Directed Study) 
British Innovative Education 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

For description see London Offerings. 

AED/APS 421 Psychology for Education 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Psychological foundations of education; applied 
aspects of major approaches to educational 
psychology: behavioral, humanistic, cognitive; 
applications of these approaches to develop- 
ment, learning, testing, management. Two ex- 
ams, research project, text case studies. Permis- 
sion of instructor required. 


Education — Engineering — Environmental Perspective Courses 

AED 422/3/4 

Professional Elementary Education 

Profs. Molly Ransbury, Kathryn Watson 

Professional semester for Elementary Education 
interns. Participation in all phases of elementary 
school operation. Interns practice teaching skills 
at primary, intermediate levels in open space, 
self-contained, team-teaching methods of class- 
room organization. Directstudywith school prin- 
cipal, social worker, guidance counselor, learn- 
ing resources director, language arts specialist, 
art, music, physical education teachers. Prereq- 
uisites: admission to Teacher Education pro- 
gram, successful completion of all courses for 
Elementary Education certification. 

AED 431 Secondary Education Methods 

Prof. Richard Bredenberg 

Experience in theory, practice of instructional 
methodologies. Working with public school 
teacher for ten hours per week for one semester, 
assisting in individualized instruction, tutoring 
small groups, teaching micro-lessons. Written 
self-appraisal as candidate for teaching profes- 
sion, written evaluation by public school direct- 
ing teacher. Prerequisite: admission to Teacher 
Education program. 

AVS 484 Issues in Education 

Prof. Richard Bredenberg 

For students in final phase of Education major. 
Forces influencing teaching, traditional, tran- 
sitional, radical perspectives. Theories of motiva- 
tion, alternate models to public education, mean- 
ing of professionalism, characteristics of good 
teachers, relationship of values to teaching. Stu- 
dents prepare philosophical statement of person- 
al, professional goals. 


For description see page 9. 


ALI 328(E) Literature and Ecology: 
Writings About the Earth Household 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

For description see Literature. 

AED 435/6/7 Professional Education 

Prof. Richard Bredenberg 

First part of semester includes experiences in 
classroom teaching: audio-visual materials, ap- 
plications of learning theory to classroom, special 
methods of teaching, knowledge of operation of 
public schools, recent innovations in education; 
followed by nine weeks, student teaching, 
assuming full responsibility. Prerequisites: BPS 
102, AED 431, admission to Teacher Education 

AVS 364 The School: Locus of Culture and 
Change Prof. Kathryn Watson 

Every culture devises ways to perpetuate itself, 
educate its young; in our society, schools trans- 
mit cultural values, socialize young for adult 
roles. Schools have similar systematic character- 
istics, but are distinguished by norms, values re- 
flected in unique behavior patterns. Observing 
programmatic, behavioral regularities of schools 
using ethnographic techniques; schools as cul- 
tures; changestrategies, applications; schoolsas 
microcosms of larger culture. Term paper, inde- 
pendent field study, midterm, final exam. 

CRE/VS 386(E) Religion in 
Tomorrow's Environment 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

For description see Religion. 

LTR/NAS 283(E) The Growth and Nature of 
Scientific Views 

Profs. Peter Pav, Reggie Hudson 

Scientific methods, concepts, views of nature in 
different eras described, philosophically ana- 
lyzed. Based on Jacob Bronowski's film seriesThe 
Ascent of Man amplified by lectures, demonstra- 
tions, laboratory work, discussions, research and 
supplementary reading. Three exams, project, 
final exam. 




Environmental Perspective Courses — Environmental Studies 

LIRA'S 303(E) The Scientific Revolution and 
Human Values Prof. Peter Pav 

Scientific Revolution as transvaluation of West- 
ern society from theocentrism to scientific secu- 
larism, considering three traditions: organic, 
magical, mechanistic. Student-led seminars on 
Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Bacon, Boyle, Des- 
cartes, Newton, topics such "science and reli- 
gion," "science and society." Philosophical, his- 
torical generalizations, relation totraditional reli- 
gion, social roots, impact. Presentations, term 
paper, two exams. 

NAS/VS 382(E) Man and the 

Ocean Environment Prof. John Ferguson 

Oceanic environment, its significance, stew- 
ardship of resources. Concern for values in res- 
olution of conflicting demands, uses. Physical 
properties of earth, seas: plate tectonics, nature 
of sea water, waves, tides, currents, etc. Practical 
aspects: problems in fisheries; oil, mineral re- 
source development. Influence of seas on past, 
present, future civilization; exploration, com- 
merce, sea power, sea law, inspiration of sea to 
arts, other endeavors. 

LTR/VS 304(E) Science, Technology and 
tHuman Values Prof. Peter Pav 

Historical, philosophical analysis of nature of sci- 
ence, its relation to human values, organized 
around audio-visual series Science and Society 
and Living withTechnology. Contemporary issues, 
general questions about science and society. 
Most seminars student-led. Term paper, exam. 

NAS/VS 281(E) Environmental Chemistry 
and Society Prof. Alan Soli 

Environmental issues, air, water pollution, pesti- 
cide residues, nuclear energy. Scientific factors 
evaluated alongwith social, economic, legal con- 
siderations in making value judgments about 
costs, compromises involved in solving environ- 
mental problems. Minimal scientific background 
expected; not recommended for students who 
have taken Concepts in Chemistry. Short papers, 
research paper, exam. 

NAS 282(E) The Long Journey 

Prof. Irving Foster 

Tracing evolutionary past of universe, beginning 
with the Big Bang, through physical formation of 
galaxies, stars, planets, chemical evolution which 
led to life on earth, slow development of plant/ 
animal kingdoms, to rise of consciousness ex- 
pressed in imagination and intellect of human- 
kind. Assignments, class activities, short papers, 
final essay. 

NAS/LTR 283(E) The Growth and Nature of 
Scientific Views 

Profs. Reggie Hudson, Peter Pav 

For description see LTR/NAS 283(E) above. 

NAS/VS 383(E) Ecology, Evolution and 
Natural Resources Prof. Sheila Hanes 

Environmental issues from human perspective: 
world's natural resources, theirorigin; evolution 
of our species, involvement with environments 
past, present, future; geological processes, inter- 
relationships between organisms, environ- 
ments, impact on humans, ethical ways of dealing 
with these issues. Oral presentation, paper, three 
exams. Prerequisite: at least Sophomore 

NAS/VS 385(E) Marine Mammals: 
Their Biology and Interactions with Man 

Prof. John Reynolds 

Whaling, harvest of harp seal pups, motorboat 
collisions with manatees are situations in which 
marine mammals, humans interact, usuallyto the 
detriment of former. Basic biology of marine 
mammals: whales, dolphins, porpoises, sea ot- 
ters, seals, walruses, manatees; scientific, moral, 
ethical issues; controversial pointsofview, issues 
resulting from interactions. Informal debates. 

NBI 282(E) Economic Botany 

Prof. Sheila Hanes 

For description see Biology. 


A student may plan an Environmental Studies pro- 
gram which will fit individual needs under the 
guidance and approval of a faculty supervisory 
committee. Several particular areas of study are 
especially pertinent to the Environmental 
Studies. These include: Invertebrate Zoology, 
Botany, Ecology, Advanced Topics in Ecology, 
Chemjstry I and II, Statistics, Precalculus Skills, 
Computer Programming, Social Psychology and 


Environmental Studies — Finance — Foundations Courses — French 

Cultural Anthropology. For either a B.A. or B.S. 
degree, students will ordinarily be expected to do 
a Senior thesis concerning some aspect of the 
local environment. Additional supporting 
courses in the Natural and/or Behavioral Sciences 
will be recommended depending upon the spe- 
cific direction a student wishes to take. 

Students may obtain emphasis in Earth Sciences by 
selecting courses in geology, oceanography and 
astronomy along with a broad selection of 
courses in chemistry, biology and physics and 
specific in-depth study in one of the disciplines of 
the Natural Sciences. The student program will be 
under the guidance and approval of a Faculty 
Supervisory Committee. 

Refer to the following cou rse descriptions related 
to the Environmental Studies/Earth Sciences ma- 

Plant Biology 

Marine Invertebrate Biology 
General and Aquatic Ecology 
Biology of Marine Vertebrates 
Advanced Topics in Ecology 

Man and the Ocean 
NASA/S 383(E) Ecology, Evolution and 
Natural Resources 
Concepts in Chemistry I 
Concepts in Chemistry II 
Fundamental Physics I 
Fundamental Physics II 
Computer Algorithms and 
Statistics, an Introduction 
Social Psychology 















NASA/S 382(E) 







A finance concentration may be elected by a stu- 
dent as a ski 1 1 area with in the management major. 
Students electing finance as a skill area within the 
management major must meet requirements for 
the Management programs. See MANAGEMENT 
for descriptions of those requirements and 


FWH 181 Western Heritage I 

Sumerian, Creek, Roman and Medieval worlds, 
usingmasterworksof Western civilization. As the 
first course in general education, it introduces 
emphasis on values, and the four perspectives: 

aesthetic, crosscultural, environmental, social 
relations. Lectures, discussions. Papers, mid- 
term, final exams. 

FWH 182 Western Heritage II 

Sequel to Western Heritage I. Exploring the Ren- 
aissance, the Enlightenment, the 19th and 20th 
centuries, using literature, the arts, scientific 
accomplishments, other major intellectual writ- 
ings. Lectures, discussions. Papers, midterm, 
final exams. 

FWH/CCU 183(C) United States Area Studies 

Profs. Carolyn Johnston, Dudley DeCroot 

Open only to international students, meets cross- 
cultural perspective for graduation. Contempo- 
rary view of the U.S., limited survey of its past, 
size, diversity. Short papers weekly to improve 
writing skills, mid-term, final exam, U.S. Area 
Studies is required for all degree-seeking interna- 
tional students. 

See also Composition. 


For a major in French, eight courses beyond 
elementary French are required, and students 
may choose from among the following offerings: 
Intermediate French I and II, Introduction to 
French Literature, Advanced Conversational 
French, Advanced Composition and Grammar, 
Survey of French Literature to 1600, The Classical 
Theatre, Eighteenth Century French Literature, 
Nineteenth Century French Literature, Twentieth 
Century French Literature, and French Area Stud- 
ies. Supporting work in other areas is advisable. 
Study abroad during the Junior year in Avignon at 
the Institute for American Universities (with 
which Eckerd is affiliated) is strongly recom- 

CFR/LFR 101/102 Elementary French 

Profs. Henry Genz, Rejane Genz 

Listening comprehension, speaking, reading, 
writing. Reading of selected literary texts during 
second semester. Class sessions and listening, 
speaking practice in the laboratory. Prerequisite 
for 102 is 101 or equivalent. 



CFR 105 Reading French: A Direct Approach 

Prof. Henry Genz 

For students with little or no previous study of 
French who would like to acquire basic reading 
knowledge in short period. Vocabulary, idioms, 
grammar, extensive practice in translating from 
French to English. Reading project of choice. 
Translation from French to English of research 
articles in majorfield encouraged. Open to those 
with no more than one year of college French. 
Offered every third year. 

CFR 201/202 Intermediate French 

Profs. Henry Genz, Rejane Genz 

Reading short stories, essays, novel excerpts by 
outstanding writers; grammar review, lab prac- 
tice, films, simultaneous development of speak- 
ing, oral comprehension, reading, writing. Bi- 
weekly tests, outside project, final exam. Prereq- 
uisite: For 201, two courses of college French or 
two years of high school French ; for 202, prereq- 
uisite is 201 or equivalent. 

LFR 301 Introduction to French Literature I 

Prof. Rejane Genz 

Furthering knowledge of Trench language 
through literature. Not a survey of literature; 
most plays, novels by contemporary writers: 
Cide, Mauriac, Camus, Saint-Exupery, lonesco, 
etc. Class meetings consist entirely of discus- 
sions; participation an important factor. Journal, 
final exam. Prerequisite: third year proficiency in 

LFR 320 Advanced Conversational French 

Prof. Rejane Genz 

Colloquial French, with students suggesting 
topics of conversation. Articles in French maga- 
zines, handling all types of correspondence in 
French, writing newspaper articles. Prerequisite: 
third year proficiency expected ; second year stu- 
dents admitted with permission of instructor. 
Offered alternate years. 

CFR 402 Survey of French Literature to 1600 

Prof. Henry Genz 

Representative medieval. Renaissance works in- 
cluding La Chanson de Roland, Le Roman de la rose, 

selected poemsof Villon, Du Bellayand Ronsard, 
Gargantuaand Pantagruel, selected essays of Mon- 
taigne. Oral reports, paper, final exam. Taught in 
French. Prerequisite: third-year college French 
course. Offered alternate years. 

LFR 405 Twentieth Century French 
Literature Prof. Rejane Genz 

Works of contemporary French poets, play- 
wrights, novelists, including Valery, Pr.oust, 
Gide, Claudel, Mauriac, Colette, Camus. Discus- 
sions in French. Journal. Prerequisite: third year 
French course or permission of instructor. 
Offered alternate years. 

LFR 423 Nineteenth Century French 
Literature Prof. Rejane Genz 

Works of most important novelists, poets of the 
period, including Balzac, Stendhal, Flaubert, 
Zola, Baudelaire, Rimbaud, Mallarme. Journal. 
Prerequisite: Normally three years of college 
French or equivalent; any student with good 
reading knowledge of French is eligible. Offered 
alternate years. 

CFR 429 French Literature of the 
Eighteenth Century Prof. Henry Genz 

Important literary figures of period including Vol- 
taire, Rousseau, Prevost, Condillac, Buffon, 
Montesquieu. Lectures, discussion, explication 
de textes, oral reports based on outside readings. 
Paper, midterm, final exam. Taught in French. 
Prerequisite: 18semesterhoursof college French 
or equivalent. Offered alternate years. 

CFR 432 Classical Theatre 

Prof. Henry Genz 

Plays of Cornei lie, Racine, Moliere. Explication de 
textes; oral, written reports. Paper, final exam. 
Prerequisite: ISsemesterhoursof college French 
or equivalent. Taught in French. 

LLI 243(C) Modern French CuUure Through 

For description see Literature. 

ecu 283(C) French Area Studies 

For description see Cross-Cultural Perspective 


Geography — German 


CGE 250 (Directed Study) 

Geography Prof. Dudley DeGroot 

Basic concepts, theories, substantive material of 
modern geography. Relationship between mate- 
rial environment, human cultural systems. Series 
of exercises, map work, reading notebook. 

CGE 350 (Directed Study) 
World Regional Geography 

Prof. Dudley DeCroot 

Relationship of human activities to natural en- 
vironment on world wide basis; relationship be- 
tween such geographic variable as soils, land 
forms, climate, vegetables, minerals, cultural sys- 
tems of different areas of world. Series of short 
problem papers, compilation of glossary, reading 


For description see page 25. 


A student who wishes to major in German lan- 
guageand literature must completeeight courses 
in that subject beyond elementary German. The 
student must also complete a reading list of major 
German authors or works not covered by course 
offerings. Study abroad is strongly recom- 

CGR 101/102 Elementary German 

Prof. Kenneth Keeton 

Language through films discussed by method 
appropriate to need, learning habits: patterning 
or grammatical analysis. Will enable student to 
function in a German-speaking country, pursue 
further study of language, literature. Films sup- 
plemented by reading. Quizzes, final oral/written 
exam. Prerequisite for 102 is 101 or equivalent. 

CGR 150/151 (Directed Study) 
Programmed Elementary German I, II 

CGR 250/251 (Directed Study) 
Grammar Review/Intermediate German 

Prof. Kenneth Keeton 

Programmed course allows student with lan- 

guage aptitude to move at own pace. Grammar, 
speech, texts, tapes. Weekly quizzes, final oral/ 
written exam. 

CGR 201/202 Intermediate German 
Through Film ill, IV Prof. Kenneth Keeton 

Filmed episodes (26) provide basis for structural 
study of language, continued development of 
basicskillsthrough useof German inclassdiscus- 
sion. Films produced in Germany offer introduc- 
tion to German culture, life-styles, native lan- 
guage models; reading text, reviewing grammar. 
Quizzes, oral/written assignments. Prereq- 
uisites: 101/102 for 201 ; 201 for 202. 

CGR 301/302 Introduction to German 
Literature and Life Prof. Kenneth Keeton 

Contemporary German literature, life. Readings 
chosen according to student ability, interest. 
Modern fiction, magazines. Prerequisite: 202 or 

CGR/CLI 304 The Novels of 

Hermann Hesse Prof. Kenneth Keeton 

Novels of Hermann Hesse in German for German 
credit; or in translation. Class discussion led by 
students, individual students as resource persons 
for particular novels. Final comparative term 
paper, and/or take-home final exam. 

CGR 350 (Directed Study) 

German Phonetics Prof. Kenneth Keeton 

Directed study through text, tapes by native 
speakers; required for future teachers of Ger- 
man. Phonetic alphabet, speech patterning, in- 
flection of High German through written, oral 
example. Final exam: oral, written transcription 
from Roman script to phonetics, phonetics to 

CGR/CLI 351 (Directed Study) 
Life and Works of Franz Kafka 

Prof. Kenneth Keeton 

Major short stories, three novels, two volumes of 
diaries of Franz Kafka may be taken in either Ger- 
man or English. Biographical material, selected 
critical readings. Weekly discussions, assign- 
ments in writing, term paper. Prerequisite: none 
for English; advanced standing for German. 




Students majoring in history will take a minimum 
of eight courses and one winter term project, 
normally in the junior year, in history. At least 
three courses must be in European history and at 
least three courses must be in United States his- 
tory. In addition. Seniors will undertake a histo- 
graphical project intheirwinterterm. Each Senior 
will submit a paper on a subject approved by the 
Mentor, and there wi|l be an oral examination 
focussing on this paper. Those students who have 
demonstrated excellence in history may be in- 
vited to write a Senior thesis instead of under- 
taking the comprehensive examination and the 
Senior winter term project. 

CHI 101 Global History 

Prof. William Parsons 

Overview of history of humankind from emer- 
gence of major Eurasian civilizations to present. 
Cultural diffusion, interaction of cultures as de- 
veloped by historian William McNeill. Reasons 
for rise of West, interaction of Western ideas, 
institutions with rest of world since 1500. Book 
review, research paper, two one-hour exams, 
final exam. 

CHI 201 (S) Revolutions in the 

Modern World Prof. William Parsons 

Revolution in modern world from three perspec- 
tives: idiographic phenomenon with an in-depth 
examination of French, Russian Revolutions; 
comparative study; leadership, with particular 
emphasis on Mao Tse-Tung's role in Chinese 
revolution. Three short papers, medium length 
research paperon a revolution, or some aspect of 
revolution not dealt with by entire class. Two 
one-hour exams. 

LHI 202(S) The Nature of History 

Prof. William Wilbur 

Kinds of questions historians ask, materials they 
use, historical approaches, philosophical issues. 
Critical thinking, historical understanding 
through analysis of a particular historical period 
or topic which may change from year to year. 
Currently the focus is on World War II, concen- 
trating on important historical problems rather 
than general coverage of the war. Short papers, 
research paper, exams. 

LHI 203(S) Europe in Transition: 1300-1815 

Prof. William Wilbur 

Examination of medieval roots of modern Euro- 
pean cultures, contributions of Renaissance, 
Reformation, economic and geographical expan- 
sion of Europe, scientific revolution. Enlighten- 
ment, French, Industrial Revolutions to modern 
Europe. Short oral/written reports, two exams. 

LHI 204(S) The Foundations of 
Contemporary Europe: 1815-1945 

Prof. William Wilbur 

European nationalism, liberalism, industrial 
revolution, rise of mass democracy, modern po- 
litical parties, Marxism and class conflict, nature 
of "new" imperialism. World War I, its conse- 
quences, Russian Revolution, the depression, 
rise of totalitarian dictatorships; intellectual de- 
velopments such as Romanticism, Social Darwin- 
ism, existentialism, Freudian psychology, their 
historical context, impact on Western society. 
Oral/written reports, midterm test, final exam. 

LHI 216(S) Your Family in American History 
LHI 254 (Directed Study) 

Prof. William McKee 

History of student's own family within context of 
American history, development of American 
communities, migrations of peoples, the depres- 
sion. World War II, post-war American society; 
meaning of American Dream to different genera- 
tions. Research in family records, interviews with 
family members, background reading in recent 
American social history. Several preliminary 
papers, major paper on history of family. 

LHI 223 History of the United States to 1877 

Prof. William McKee 

History of United States from the colonial begin- 
nings to aftermath of Civil War. Colonial founda- 
tions of American society, culture, American 
Revolution, development of democratic society, 
slavery. Civil War, Reconstruction; various inter- 
pretations of American experience, reading 
widely in historical literature. Papers, midterm, 
final exam. 

LHI 224 History of the United States 

Since 1877 Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

Transformation of United States during past cen- 
tury from agrarian to industrial nation. Impact of 
industrial revolution, urbanization, rise to world 
power, maturing of American capitalism. New 



Deal, world war, cold war, recent developments 
in American society. Social, cultural develop- 
ments, political, economic history, reading wide- 
ly in history of period. Papers, midterm, final 

LHI 240 History of England to 1714 
LHI/IHI 250 (Directed Study) 

Prof. William Wilbur 

History of England from Roman occupation to 
accession of George I; significance for Amer- 
icans. Sources of English history, gradual unifica- 
tion after collapse of Roman rule, Norman Con- 
quest and feudalism, growrth of common law, rise 
of Parliament, Tudor revolution, Anglican 
Reformation, revolutions in 17th century, 
triumph of parliamentary oligarchy. Papers, mid- 
term, final exam. 

LHI 241 History of Modern Britain 

Since 1714 

LHI/IHI 251 (Directed Study) 

Prof. William Wilbur 

Development of modern Britain from accession 
of George I to modern times, industrial Revolu- 
tion, world's largest empire, cabinet system of 
government, transformation from agrarian oli- 
garchy to industrial democracy, welfare state, 
loss of imperial power. Papers, midterm, final 
exam. Prerequisite: LHI 240 or permission of 

CHI 243 Cultural History of Russia 

Prof. William Parsons 

Cultural epochs in Russian history: Kievan, 
Muscovite, Russian culture as part of European- 
ization initiated by Peter the Great and his suc- 
cessors. Golden Age of Russian culture in nine- 
teenth century, revolutionary culture, Soviet atti- 
tudes toward culture following revolution. Pa- 
pers, final exam. Permission of instructor re- 
quired for Freshmen. 

LHI 248(A) History and Appreciation of 
Modern Painting Prof. Keith Irwin 

European painting from Cezanne through World 
War II. Progress, fluctuations in painting, rela- 
tionships of art with larger events of period; 
various schools, institutional groupings of artists, 
analyzing, appreciating painting; lives, persona- 
lities of painters. Permission of instructor re- 
quired for Freshmen. Offered alternate years. 

CHI 250 (Directed Study) Japanese 
Cultural History Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

Japanese culture using historical approach; con- 
siderably more detail than in EastAsian Area stud- 
ies. Aspects of culture; art, religion, literature, 
dominant values, political structures. Modern 
Japan; unique values, cultural patterns of past. 
Papers, longer examination paper at end. CCU 
282 is recommended as prerequisite. 

CHI 241(C) The Rise of Russia 

Prof. William Parsons 

Evolution of Russian state, societyfrom origins in 
ninth century to 1801. External factors: Byzan- 
tium, Mongol Invasion, conflicts with Germans, 
Poles, Swedes, influence of West; development 
of uniquely Russian civilization. Russian, Soviet 
historians' interpretations of past. Oral/written 
reports, final exam. 

CHI 242(C) Modern Russian and the 

Soviet Union Prof. William Parsons 

Russiain nineteenth, twentieth centuries: Imper- 
ial Russia; Russian revolutionary tradition; 
continuity, change in Russia; Soviet history; 
Soviet Union as totalitarian society, as world 
power. Papers, final exam. 

LHI/IHI 252 (Directed Study) 

History of London Prof. William Wilbur 

London as first truly modern city; problems of 
urban history. Journal annotating visits to histor- 
ical sites, museums, observations of London life; 
documented research paper on approved topic 
of London history, utilizingmaps, plans, architec- 
tural drawings, primary sources available at 
Guildhall Library. 

LHI 253 (Directed Study) 
United States History Prof. William McKee 
Historical development of democratic civilization 
in U.S. Social, economic, political developments 
significant in shaping contemporary American 
society: colonial foundations, American 
revolution, nineteenth-century democracy, slav- 
ery. Reconstruction, Industrial Revolution, New 
Deal. Paperon each topic based on assigned read- 
ings, final exam. 



LHI 254 (Directed Study) 

Your Family in American History 

For description see LHI 216(S). 

LHI 281 (S) History of Canada Since the 
French Settlement Prof. William Wilbur 

Process by which Canada developed from few 
scattered colonies into independent nation 
based on two linguistic, cultural groups, French 
and English. Differences from American experi- 
ence, focusing on political, economic, social, re- 
ligious cultural forces which shaped Canadian 
society. Films, audio-visuals. Oral/written re- 
ports, final exam. Offered alternate years. 

LHI 301 The Growth of the American 
Industrial Economy Prof. William McKee 

Historical examination of growth of American in- 
dustrial economy since early nineteenth century. 
Beginnings of national economic growth, in- 
dustrial revolution, resulting transformation of 
American society, role of entrepreneur, rise of 
corporation, consolidation of business, develop- 
ment of business thought, responses to indus- 
trialization, development of organized labor, 
evolution of public economic policy from Pro- 
gressive Movement through New Deal to pres- 
ent, development of present mixed economy, 
prospects for future of American capitalism. Pa- 
pers, research project, midterm, final exam. 

LHI 302 Modern European Economic 
History: Economic Growth, 
Industrialization and Economic Integration, 
1850-1970 Prof. William Wilbur 

Comparative study of economic growth in indus- 
trial Europe, relationships of economic, political 
change; managerial styles in public, private sec- 
tors; development of social welfare legislation; 
economic planning; effort to integrate European 
economy through European economic commu- 
nity. Comparisons with underdeveloped areas. 
Oral/written reports on problems, countries; two 
one-hour exams. 

LHI 321 Women in Modern America: 
The Hand that Cradles the Rock 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

Changes in economic, political, legal, cultural 
position of women in America. Feminist theory, 
growth of women's movements, minority 
women, working women, changes in women's 
health, birth control, images of women in litera- 
ture, film. Journals, paper, class presentations. 

LHI 322 The United States as a 

World Power Prof. William McKee 

Role of U.S. in world affairs in twentieth century. 
History of American foreign policy, views of role 
of U.S. in world: imperialism, internationalism, 
isolationism, pacifism, collective security, "New 
Left" anti-imperialism, etc. Recent controversies 
over origin, nature of Cold War. Term paper ex- 
amining views of significant American leader on 
role of U.S. in world affairs. Open to students with 
some previous work in American history or poli- 
tical science. 

LHI 323 From the Flapper to Rosie the 
Riveter: History of Women in the United 
States (1 920-1 945) Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

History of American women and the family. Oral 
history; images of women in popular culture, 
literature; impact of Great Depression, World 
War II on American family. First half of course 
concentrates on primary, secondary readings; 
second half on original research. Research paper. 
Offered alternate years. 

LHI 341 History and Appreciation of 
Renaissance Art and Architecture 

Prof. Keith Irwin 

Revolution in artistic imagination in thirteenth 
century Italy profoundly conditioning art of 
West: art, architecture of medieval renaissance 
periods in western Europe, characterof change in 
vision, artistic product. Films, slides. Papers, 
exam. Permission of instructor required for 

LHI 345 American Social and Intellectual 
History I Prof. William McKee 

History of American thought, culture, social in- 
stitutions from colonial period to 1865. Thought 
of Puritanism, Enlightenment, nineteenth cen- 
turydemocracy; slavery, racism ascontradictions 
to prevailing democratic culture, pro-slavery, 
anti-slavery literature. Advanced level course, 
some previous college work in American history 
assumed. Offered alternate years. 



LHI 346 American Social and Intellectual 
History II Prof. William McKee 

History of American thought, culture, social in- 
stitutions from 1865 to present. Impact on Amer- 
ican thought of Darwinism, industrialism; Pro- 
gressive Movement; crisis of liberal democracy in 
twentieth century. Two one-hour tests, term 
paper, final exam. Advanced level course, some 
previous college work in American history 
assumed. Offered alternate years. 

LHI 356 (Directed Study) 

Recent American History: The Historians' 

View of Our Own Times 

Prof. William McKee 

Current trends in interpreting U.S. history since 
World War II. Transformation of American so- 
ciety since 1945, new role, new position of gov- 
ernment, new position of U.S. in world affairs. 
Six papers based on assigned readings. 

LHI 348 The New Deal Prof. William McKee 

America during 1930s: impact of depression on 
American life, contributions of New Deal. Thesis 
that depression marked watershed in recent 
,^merican history. New Deal established basis for 
contemporary democratic consensus, outlines of 
liberal capitalistic welfare state examined. Papers 
on common reading, major research paper or 
project. Not open to Freshmen. Offered alternate 

LHI 350 (Directed Study) History of the 
British Empire-Commonwealth Since 1783 

Prof. William Wilbur 

"Second" British Empire, period si nee loss of Brit- 
ish North American colonies. Causes, nature, 
consequences of British imperial expansion in 
nineteenth century, reasons for collapse of Brit- 
ish power in twentieth century. Four/five writ- 
ten/oral research reports, term paperon problem 
of student's selection. Prerequisite: college 
course in modern European or British history. 

LHI 351 (Directed Study) 

The Industrial Revolution in America 

Prof. William McKee 

Impact of industrial revolution on American life 
during last three decades of nineteenth century. 
Processes of industrial, economic, social change 
which produced transformation of American 
society, reactions of Americans to these changes. 
Eight papers based on readings. Prerequisite: 
some previous work in American history. 

LHI 352 (Directed Study) The Progressive 
Movement Prof. William McKee 

One of great movements for reform in American 
history: Progressivism as political movement, 
presidential leadership, Progressivism and re- 
form of society, intellectual development in Pro- 
gressive Era. Prerequisite: previous work in 
American history or political science. 

ecu 283(C) Soviet Area Studies 

Prof. William Parsons 
ecu 388(C) Sino-Soviet Conflict 

Profs. William Parsons, Hendrick Serrie 
For descriptions see Cross-Cultural Perspective. 

LTR/VS 306(S) American Myths, American 
Values Prof. William McKee 

LTR/VS 307(S) Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries and Reformers 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

LTR/VS 309(S) Becoming Visible: 
Sex, Gender and American Culture 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

LTR/VS 310(S) The American Industrial State 

Profs. Clark Bouwman, William McKee 
For descriptions see Social Relations Perspective. 

LVS 201 Western Civilization 

Who are we? Where did we come from? Where 
are we going? What is civilization? Is it described 
only in terms of its "high culture?" Are we civi- 
lized or is Western civilization grinding to a well- 
deserved halt? Attempt to answer these questions 
through Kenneth Clark's film series "Civiliza- 
tion," key cultural documents from eleventh to 
twentieth centuries. Intended to initiate Sopho- 
mores into Letters Collegium, but open to all 
upperclass students. Six papers, midterm, final 

CVS 382 One World Prof. William Parsons 

International organizations that unite people, 
special interest groups, governments meeting 
problems of increasingly interdependent world. 
Values inherent in United Nations, World Coun- 
cil of Churches, International Communist 
Movement; additional international organiza- 
tion researched independently, reported to class 
in oral/written presentation. Research paper. 


Human Resources 


An interdisciplinary major designed to prepare 
students for graduate work and/or paraprofes- 
sional careers in the helping fields. It has a core 
course program of: 

1. Introduction to Human Resources 

2. Introduction to Psychology or Psychology of 

3. Introduction to Sociology or Introduction to 
Social Work 

4. Developmental Psychology or Adolescent 

5. Statistical Methods or Research Design 

6. Managerial Enterprise or Personnel Man- 

7. Clinical and Counseling Psychology or Be- 
havioral Disorders or Psychological Tests 
and Measurements 

8. Croup Dynamics or Organizational De- 
velopment and Behavior 

9. Also required are Management: An Intro- 
duction and Comparison, an internship and 
seniorseminarwork in acreativeorexpress- 
ive field. 

Students in this major choose one of the follow- 
ing tracks for emphasis: mental health, leisure 
and recreation studies, drug abuse counseling or 
youth services. Specific additional courses are 
required for each track. Individualized tracks may 
be designed. 

AHR 204 Socialization: A Study of 
Male/Female Roles Prof. Sarah Dean 

Socializing processes affecting roles of men/ 
women. Origins of social roles, institutions sup- 
porting those roles, biological, psychological 
sexual differences. For persons seeking to under- 
stand influence of culture on personality, jour- 
nal, two book reviews, midterm, final exams. AHR 
102, BPS 102 or BSO 101 recommended. Offered 
alternate years. 

AHR/BSO 225 Introduction to Social Work 

For description see BSO 225 under Sociology. 

AHR/APS 302 Gestalt Theory and Practice 

For description see APS 302 under Psychology. 

AHR/BPS 304 Drugs and Behavior 

Profs. Linda Snow, Sal Capobianco 

Effects of psychoactive drugs on individual be- 
havior, psychological effects of drugs. Drug clas- 
sifications in therapeutics, street pharmacology 
and abuse, treatment design. Midterm exam, 
paper, community project involving variety of 
areas. Prerequisite: BPS 102 or AHR 102. Offered 
alternate years. 

AHR 102 Introduction to Human Resources 

Prof. Sarah Dean 

Introduction to Human Resources major; inter- 
disciplinary, experiential approach to crisis, pas- 
sage points in life. Intervention approaches: in- 
terviewing, first level counseling, perceptions of 
problems, support programs, value orientation, 
intuitive, analytical approach. Introduction to 
tracks in youth services, drug abuse counseling, 
mental health, leisure/ recreation. Field trip re- 
ports, role playing, Progoff journal, project, final 
paper integrating theory of development with the 
study of self, others; midterm and final exam. 

AHR/APS 202 Adolescent Psychology 

Prof. Mark Smith 

Changes, events, circumstances of period be- 
tween childhood and adulthood. Papers requir- 
ing resourceful inquiry; lecture/discussions on 
social learning theory, going beyond, beneath 
stereotypes, impersonal perspectives. Project 
papers, exams. Prerequisites: BPS102orAHR102 
or permission of instructor. 

AHR/APS 308 Introduction to Clinical and 
Counseling Psychology Prof. Linda Snow 

For description see Psychology. 

AHR/APS 309 Behavior Disorders 

Prof. Thomas West 

For description see Psychology. 

AHR 325 Counseling Strategies 

Prof. Sarah Dean 

Comparing, contrasting systems of counseling, 
personal growth such as transactional analysis, 
client-centered, rational-emotive, reality ther- 
apy. Strategies for counseling women: assertive- 
ness skills, crisis counseling, relevance, implica- 
tions of traditional counseling practices. Useful 
for students planning careers in helping profes- 
sions. Class presentations, reports, midterm, 
final exam. Prerequisite: AHR/APS 308 or permis- 
sion of instructor. Offered alternate years. 


Human Resources— Humanities 

AMR 326 Counseling for Wellness 

Prof. Linda Snow 

Wholistic development of individual: social, 
physical, emotional, spiritual, intellectual, voca- 
tional, increasingself-av^'areness, improvingrela- 
tionship skills, strengths, potentials. Counseling 
as growth-promotion, self-actualizing process. 
Theory, research related to healthy personality, 
methods used to promote positive change among 
individuals in one-to-one, group counseling. Ex- 
amine own level of wellness, establish goals to 
increase personal effectiveness, effectiveness as 
counselor. Project paper, two exams. Prereq- 
uisites: AHR 102 or BPS 102, AHR/APS 308, or 
permission of instructor. Offered alternate years. 

AHR 327 Community Mental Health 

Prof. Linda Snow 

Theory, practice, evaluation, development, mod- 
els, problems of community mental health sys- 
tems; ethical, humane, moral issues. Community 
mental health services available locally, alter- 
nates to hospitalization, out-patient counseling, 
preventive/education programs. Eckerd College 
as microcosm of civic community, factors en- 
couraging/inhibiting mental health. Two reports, 
project, midterm, final exams. Prerequisites: BPS 
102 or AHR 102, AHR/APS 308, permission of in- 
structor. Limit 12. Offered alternate years. 

AHR 401 Internship in Human Resources 

Prof. Sarah Dean 

Intensive, structured, field-based internship in 
mental health, drug abuse counseling, youth 
services, others, relating theory and practice, 
providing constructive, systematic feedback. Su- 
pervision provided by site staff in cooperation 
with faculty member. Individualized assessment 
of learning objectives. Minimum 224 hours on site 
preparation. Reports, papers relevant to field ex- 
perience, evaluation by on-site staff, on-campus 
group meetings, individual conferences. Permis- 
sion of instructor required. 

AHR/APS 403 Practicum in Peer Counseling 

For description see APS 403 under Psychology. 



AHR/APS 405 Practicum in Group Work 

Prof. Linda Snow 

Working with clients in groups, leading groups in 
mental hospitals, community centers, first of- 
fender homes, drug abuse programs, others. 
Theories of group process, working with co- 
leaders, leaders in educational, personal growth, 
therapeutic groups. Strong supervision, critique, 
interchange, feedback, self/peer depth analysis 
of ability as group leader. Video taping of role 
playing. Contract appropriate to student's needs, 
skill level. Prerequisites: BPS 102 or AHR 102, 
AHR/APS 308, APS/AED 207. Limit 15. 

AHR 406 Senior Seminar in Human 
Resources Prof. Sarah Dean 

Integrating academic and field experiences: re- 
view; analysis of ethical, theoretical constructs; 
grant proposal writing instruction; self- 
evaluation, personal growth as helping profes- 
sional; preparation for career fulfillment. Posi- 
tion papers, portfolio-resume preparation, job 
interviews. Required for majors; generally taken 
in spring of Senior year. Permission of instructor 

AVS 386 Ethical Issues and the 

Helping Professions Prof. Sarah Dean 

Helping professions from broad societal per- 
spective, counseling, therapeutic point of view. 
Relationship between professional ethics, social 
values. Role of individual helperas decision mak- 
er within legal/ethical circumscription. Position 
paper, class presentation. Final exam. Limit 25. 

See also Psychology courses. 


This interdisciplinary and highly flexible major 
must be planned by student and Mentor to have a 
coherent focus (for example a period, a theme, a 
geographical area) and a guiding committee of 
three professors. Ten courses are required, with 
five in onediscipline, three in another; fiveof the 
ten courses must be beyond the introductory 
level. Students may draw from such humanities 
fields as literature, history, philosophy, religion, 
music, art and theatre for the five courses, and 
from any disciplines for the others. Transfers 
should strongly consider taking Western Heri- 
tage or Western Civilization as part of this 


Italy Offerings — Japanese — Leisure and Recreation 



lAR 224/324 Etching 

Introduction to etching: intaglio techniques of 
line etching, aquatint, soft ground, sugar life, 
relief printing, air brush ground, dry-point, en- 
graving. Students develop own style in studio- 
classes, print consistent quality editions, work in 
professional studio. Prerequisite: proficiency in 
drawing, design. 

lAR 225/325 Lithography 

Fundamentals of basic stone lithography: crayon, 
pencil drawing, liquid tusche, air brush, stipple 
drawing, stencils, transfer lithography, process- 
ing, correcting lithographic stones, professional 
printing techniques, zinc plates, basic color print- 
ing. Students work at advanced levels by end of 

lAR 244 Drawing 

Basic drawing skills; line, modeling, "chiaro- 
scuro," perspective, composition. Outdoor 
classes to study perspective, composition. Four 
class hours, four hours independent work per 
weekexpected. Individual, group critiques. Both 
drawing and watercolor not required; however 
drawing in preparation for painting expected. 

lAR 326 Watercolor 

Transparent watercolor techniques, pigments, 
brushes, papers used, washes, transparent color 
overlay, modeling of form, "chiaro-scuro." Stu- 
dents encouraged to work outdoors since beauti- 
ful environment provides strong stimulus. Two 
major critiques discussing drawing, painting 
along with printmaking class. Four class hours, 
four hours independent work per week 

INT/VS 2/379(C) Florence Seminar 

History, culture of Italy, visiting art, history 
museums, points of interest in Florence, traveling 
to nearbytowns to understand historical, cultural 
diversity of Italy. Italian art history, its integration 
into Italian way of life from medieval time to pre- 
sent. Oral exam, paper researched independent- 
ly while in field and in local English libraries. Re- 
quired of all students in the Florence program. 

The study of the Italian language is a 
requirement while studying in the Florence 

CJA 150/151 (Directed Study) Beginning 
Japanese I, II Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

Taped dialogues, drills to guide beginner through' 
imitation of native speakers. Memorization of 
typical sentence patterns, brief dialogues sup- 
plemented by weekly drill, testing sessions. 
Weekly conferences. (Dral/written exam. 


In preparing to assume responsible leadership 
roles in the Leisure Services profession, students 
will major in Human Resources and follow the 
Leisure and Recreation studies track. This primary 
option is available to prepare students for posi- 
tions within Human Services which emphasize 
the use of therapeutic recreational activity to 
facilitate a desired change in behavior and to 
promote wholistic growth and development. In a 
prevention, treatment, or rehabititation setting, 
activity plays a significant role in maintaining or 
restoring optimal health and well-being. A 
second option is to design an individualized con- 
centration in Leisure and Recreation. 

ALR 270 Leisure Services Programming and 
Leadership Prof. Claire Stiles 

Programming principles, planning objectives, 
purposes, activities, program evaluation, dynam- 
ics of recreation leadership, principles and prac- 
tices, techniques and methods of leading recrea- 
tional activities. Reports, exam, leadership proj- 
ects. Prerequisite: AHR 102. Offered alternate 

ALR 321 Practicum in Leisure Services 

Prof. Claire Stiles 

Supervised leadership experience in one or more 
approved agency settings for junior Leisure and 
Recreation students. Minimum 140 hours in agen- 
cy or agencies of student's choice. Bi-monthly 
on-campus meetings with college supervisor 
to discuss experiences, assignments. Prereq- 
uisites: AHR 102, ALR 270. 


Leisure and Recreation — Literature 

AIR 371 Leisure Services for Special 
Populations Prof. Claire Stiles 

Recreational agency programs for the aging, 
physically, mentally handicapped, socially disad- 
vantaged, ill, hospitalized. History, philosophy, 
survey of disability groupings, settings, services, 
rehabilitation, maintenance, prevention, atti- 
tudes, trends of recreation programs for special 
groups. Guided in-depth study of particular set- 
ting, population. Written, oral reports, midterm, 
final exam. Prerequisite: AHR 102, BPS 102. 

ALR 372 Leisure Education 

Prof. Claire Stiles 

Overview of leisure counseling, education in 
municipal, therapeutic recreation systems, edu- 
cational systems, youth agencies. Philosophical 
issues, historical perspectives, significanceof lei- 
sure counseling in'contemporary society, imple- 
mentation of leisure-education services, specific 
approaches, strategies, techniques. Counseling 
projects, oral presentations, midterm, final ex- 
ams. Prerequisites: AHR 102, ALR 371. Offered 
alternate years. 

ALR 373 Leisure Facilities: Management and 
Resource Planning Barry McDowell 

Planning indoor, outdoor leisure areas, rela- 
tionship of human needs to environmental re- 
sources. Open space development, multiple use 
design, evaluative techniques, standards, com- 
munity surveys. Research project, written re- 
ports, midterm, final exam. Prerequisite: one 
course in Leisure/Recreation. Offered alternate 

ALR 475/6 Leisure Service Internship 

Internship for Senior Leisure/Recreation majors 
in one of many St. Petersburg agencies, choosing 
project most nearly suited to future career plans: 
geriatric, handicapped, municipal, hospital, 
others. Minimum 280 hours on job. Reports, su- 
pervisor's evaluation. Permission of instructor 

ALR 477 Senior Seminar in Leisure Services 

Prof. Claire Stiles 

Current topical concerns, contemporary author- 
ities, synthesis, developing professional com- 
petency in problem-solving techniques, working 
professional philosophy. Written position state- 
ments, reaction replies on selected issues, cri- 
tiques of professional journals, paper on working 
philosophy of leisure. Required for all Senior Lei- 
sure/Recreation students. 

AVS 389 Leisure Services Concepts 

Prof. Claire Stiles 

Understanding, appreciating values, attitudesto- 
ward leisure/recreation. Work ethic, definitions 
of leisure, play theories, organized recreation, 
social forces affecting leisure/recreation today. 
Developing, putting into operation student's 
own concept of leisure/recreation. Reports, 
group projects, unit exams, term paper. 

(See Human Resources major description.) 


For description see page 19. 

ALR 473 Administration of Leisure Services 

Barry McDowell 

Overview of administrative process, structure, 
basis of recreation programs, personnel manage- 
ment, budgeting, supervision, facilities- 
planning, public relations, modern theory re- 
lated to administrative goals, methodology, 
realistic information about role of recreation 
administrator. Projects, readings, term paper, 
exam. Prerequisites: AHR 102 plus one ALR 
course. Offered alternate years. 


Students majoring in literature must take a mini- 
mum of eight literature courses, including at least 
one from English literature prior to 1800, one from 
English literature after 1800, and one from Amer- 
ican literature. They will work out their schedules 
with their Mentors, according to individual 
needs. Literature majors must successfully pass a 
Senior comprehensive examination, covering in 
survey fashion English and American literature 
plus some methodological application; course 
selections should be made with this in mind. Spe- 
cial topics constitute an essential core of the liter- 
ature program, providing discipline and focus on 
specialized areas which prepare students for the 
depth and clarity of study required for graduate 
school or a serious career in literature. Specific 
titles vary, depending on student interest, con- 



temporary issues, and faculty research. In excep- 
tional cases, students who have established their 
proficiency in literature may be invited to write a 
Seniorthesisoh asubjectof theirchoice, in place 
of the comprehensive examination. 

ACR/VS 202(A) Literature and Vocation 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective. 

ALI 101 Introduction to Literature: 
Short Stories and Short Novels 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Literary genres, concentrating upon literary 
modes of learning. Read, write about short 
novels, short stories, critical terminology basic to 
understanding literature. Four analytical papers, 
final exam. 

ALI 102 Introduction to Literature: 

The Four Genres Prof. Sterling Watson 

Read, write about a novel, short stories, plays, 
poems; critical terminology basicto understand- 
ing literature. Four papers, each on a different 

LLI 202 Journalism Prof. Howard Carter 

Study/practice most common journalistic forms: 
basic news story, in-depth reporting, reviews, 
features, editorials. Editing, layout, social and 
legal issues facing the press. Write for publication 
in Thimblerig. Numerous writing assignments, 
long paper on some aspect of journalism, exams. 

LLI 221 American Literature I: 
The Formative Years 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

Literature of 17th and 18th century America; 
works of major authors including Franklin, Paine, 
Jefferson, Irving, Hawthorne, Poe, Melville, Em- 
erson; major literary movements, e.g.. Transcen- 
dentalism, the new romantics, ethical and sym- 
bolic idealism. Papers, final exam. 

LLI 222 American Literature II: 
The American Identity 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

Second important phase in American literature, 
mid-19th century to present: Whitman, Dickin- 
son, Twain, Henry James, Stephen Crane, selec- 
tions from range of contemporaries. One or two 
papers, final exam. 

ALI 103 Readings in Poetry, Fiction 
and Drama: An Introduction 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Various literary genres, concentrating on certain 
novels, e.g., Cide's The Counterfeiters, Kafka's 
The Castle, an anthology of poetry, a book of short 
stories and plays, approaching works stylistically 
as well as thematically. Three papers, each on a 
different genre. 

LLI 109 Introduction to Poetry 

Prof. Julie Empric 

Introduction to major forms, traditions of poetry 
and the poetic through poetic masterpieces, ex- 
periments in English, American literature: narra- 
tive, descriptive, dramatic; metrical, tonal, imagi- 
nistic, thematic techniques; ballad, sonnet, vil- 
lanelle. Unit quizzes, three short papers, final 

ALI 225 Modern American Poetry 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Poems of major American poets from 1900-1950: 
Robinson, Frost, Eliot, Pound, Stevens, Cum- 
mings. Students will keep a journal. 

LLI 226(A) Literary Genres: Short Novel 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Fifteen works by modern masters from Europe 
and America, includingTolstoy, Dostoevsky, Kaf- 
ka, Joyce, Mann, O'Connor, Solzhenitsyn, Mala- 
mud, Singer. Quizzes, short paper, two exams. 

LLI 227(A) Contemporary Fiction, 
Contemporary Values Prof. Howard Carter 

Contemporary fiction exploring writings from 
across the globe; Baldwin, Atwood, Mishima, 
Llosa, Solzenitsyn, Achebe, Irving, O'Brien. So- 
cial interaction between characters (lovers, en- 
emies, families), between strata of society 
(women/men, gay/straight, blacks/whites, rich/ 
poor, politically empowered/oppressed), be- 
tween authors and ourselves. Short papers on 
each book, paper on outside novel, final 



LLI/CAN 230 Linguistics 

For description see Anthropology. 

LLI 232 Literary Themes: Love Poetry 

Prof, jewel Spears Brooker 

Survey of great love poems of all times, places. 
Poets include King Solomon, Ovid, Sappho, Pet- 
rarch, Shakespeare, Donne, Byron, Browning, 
Dickinson, Plath, Yeats. Text: Oxford Anthology of 
Love Poetry, J . Stal Iwprthy . One essay , two exams . 

LLI 235 An Introduction to Shakespeare: 
Motley, Murder, and Myrrh 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Shakespeare through sampling each genre: po- 
etry, comedy, tragedy, history, romance. Appre- 
ciating, evaluating writings, characteristic dis- 
tinctions artiong genres. Project-presentation of 
portion of one of plays, two brief papers, final 
exam. Open to all interested students, regardless 
of major or level of study. Offered alternate years. 

LLI 236/237 History of Drama 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Two semester course, either may be taken inde- 
pendently. Overview of major movements in his- 
tory of western drama from Creeks to contempo- 
rary; plays representative of each period; crea- 
tive discovery, analysis. First semester: chrono- 
logical survey of major dramatic forms of eight- 
eenth century. Second semsester: pre-moderns, 
modern, avant garde. Papers, creative projects, 
final paper or exam. Offered alternate years. 

LLI 238 English Literature: 
Middle Ages to 18th Century 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Survey of British literature from Beowulfto Blake, 
emphasis on historical traditions, outstanding in- 
dividual artists. Readings from TheOxford Anthol- 
ogy of English Literature, Vol. 1. Short papers for 
class sharing, midterm, final exams. 

ALI/LLI 239 English Literature: 1800 to 
Present Prof. Peter Meinke 

General survey of British literature from Blake to 
Beckett; historical tradition, outstanding indi- 
vidual artists. Discussion, writing based on read- 
ings from The Oxford Anthology of English Litera- 
ture, Vol. II. Papers for class sharing, midterm, 
final exam. Offered alternate years. 

LLI 241 Great American Novel 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Greatest American novels from 19th, 20th centu- 
ries: form, evolution, sense in which they are 
American. Hawthorne, Melville, James, Chopin, 
Fitzgerald, Stein, West, Steinbeck, Wolfe, Saling- 
er; one novel outside course list. Papers, presen- 
tation on outside novel, final exam. Non-litera- 
ture majors welcome. 

LLI 243(C) Modern French Culture Through 
Literature Prof. Rejane Genz 

Twentieth Century French society through trans- 
lations of literary works: plays, novels, essays, 
autobiographies by such French writers as 
Camus, Sartre, de Beauvoir, Colette, Saint Exup- 
ery, Mauriac. Nine short novels, plays required. 
Journal, final exam. 

ALI 250 (Directed Study) 

Children's Literature Prof. Peter Meinke 

Best of children's literature in various genres, 
their relation to human value systems: nursery 
rhymes, fairy tales, folk tales, mythology, picture 
books, fantasy, poetry, fiction. Concentrate in 
one or two areas, some reading in all seven. Re- 
flective journal on reading; creative (forexample, 
writing children's story) or scholarly (for exam- 
ple, essay on history of nursery rhymes) project. 

LLI 250 (Directed Study) Shakespeare: The 
Forms of His Art Prof, julienne Empric 

Shakespeare through sampling each genre: po- 
etry, comedy, tragedy, history, romance. Appre- 
ciating, evaluating writings, characteristic dis- 
tinctions among genres. Eight plays from major 
"periods," two others. Twelve essays: one on 
each of ten works, one on background, one final 
synthesis; personal reactions, notes encour- 

LLI 252/352 (Directed Study) 
American Fiction: 1950 to the Present, 
Introduction (I); Further Readings (II) 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Reading widely in contemporary American fic- 
tion. Students who have done little reading in this 
area should take LLI 252; students with some ac- 
quaintance with contemporary American fiction 
should take LLI 352. Bibliographies available in 



LLI 253/353 (Directed Study) 
Twentieth Century European Fiction I, II 

For description see LLI 334. 

Ill 271 Drama as Genre 

Prof, julienne Empric 

Explore qualities, challenges, risks of dramatic 
genre. Nature of tragedy, comedy, tragicomedy; 
importance of language, from poetry to slang; 
writings of important critics through the ages. 
Theatre productions, televised plays. Project, 
two short papers, final exam. 

All 301 Southern Literature 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Twentieth century Southern writing, the novel, 
short stories, plays as literature; also isolating 
what is common and "Southern," among them. 
Works by McCullers, Warren, Faulkner, O'Con- 
nor, Percy, Price, Welty, Porter, Williams, Gaines. 
Three papers, in-class presentation, final exam. 
Offered alternate years. Limit 20. 

LLI 303 British Literature: 
The Age of Reason 

Prof, jewel Spears Brooker 

English literature from late 17th through late 18th 
centuries. Major Enlightenment topics (such as 
Reason, Nature), major genres (such as poetry, 
the novel). Writers include Swift, Fielding, 
Sterne, Pope. One paper, two exams. Prereq- 
uisite: two literature courses. 

CLI/CGR 304 The Novels of Hermann Hesse 

For description see CGR/CLI 304 under German. 

LLI 308 The Dramatic Moment: The Poetry 
of John Donne and Ben Jonson 

Prof, julienne Empric 

Poetry of Donne and Jonson, comparing ideas, 
techniques; relationships to self, beloved, 
world; perplexities held in common across cen- 
turies. Two short papers, midterm, final exams. 


LLI 309 Literary Themes: 
Religion in Literature 

Prof, jewel Spears Brooker 

Reading, discussing great poems, stories, novels, 
plays dealing openly with religious experience. 
Selections from Old Testament, Dante, Milton, 
Dickinson, Dostoevsky, O'Connor, Eliot, Auden. 
One essay, two exams. Prerequisite: one litera- 
ture course. 

LLIA'S 31 1(A) Literary Themes: 
Literature as Human Experience 

Prof, jewel Spears Brooker 

Basic human experiences (innocence and experi- 
ence, conformity and rebellion, love and hate, 
the presence of death) approached via great 
poems, stories and plays. Literaturefrom400B.C. 
to present, including Sophocles, Shakespeare, 
Moliere, Milton, Tolstoy, Hawthorne, Rilke, Eliot. 
Text: Literature: The Human Experience, ed. Abca- 
rian and Klotz. Quizzes, short paper, two exams. 

LLI 323 Victorian Poetry 

Prof, jewel Spears Brooker 

British poetry of Victorian age (1832-1901), 
emphasis on Tennyson, Browning, Arnold, Hop- 
kins; close readingofimportantpoems. Quizzes, 
two short papers, two exams. 

LLI 324 British Literature: The Romantic Age 

Prof, jewel Spears Brooker 

Pre-Romantics of Iate18th century through major 
artists of next two generations. Writers include 
Burns, Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Scott, 
Shelley, Keats, Byron. Major Romantic themes, 
genres in context of intellectual history. One 
paper, two exams. Prerequisite: two literature 

LLIA^S 325(A) Men and Women Together: 
Examining our Literary Heritage 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Understanding roles (or "metaphors") for men 
and women involved in societal or individual 
choices, through great works of Western litera- 
ture. Interaction between men and women as it is 
facilitated, regulated or thwarted by pressures 
toward assigned roles. Project-analysis, research 
paper, final exam. 




LLI 326 Medieval and Renaissance Poetry 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Survey of major forms, authors of fourteenth 
through seventeenth century English poetry: 
Chaucer, Spenser, Shakespeare, Sydney, 
Donne, Jonson. Study, write examples of medie- 
val. Renaissance lyric, sonnet, epigram ballad, 
verse drama. Paper, research paper, final exam. 
Offered alternate years. 

LLI 337 Nineteenth Century 
American Literature 

Bestofthetimes: Thoreau,Poe, Havvthorne, Mel- 
ville, Twain, James, Dickinson, Whitman, sup- 
plemented partially by student choice from 
Irving, Cooper, Frederic, London, Harte, Eggles- 
ton. Crane, Chopin. Four papers, final exam. Pre- 
requisite: Literary Studies, or two other literary 

LLI 327 Chaucer to Shakespeare 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Survey of major authors and forms of early English 
non-dramatic poetry, with emphasis on Chaucer, 
Spenser and Shakespeare. Two papers, final 

ALI 328(E) Literature and Ecology: 
Writings About the Earth Household 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

Exploring through literature the myths, ideas, 
attitudes which have shaped and will shape ecol- 
ogy. Understanding our heritage, American and 
Western in particular, and using that knowledge 
to play responsible roles in shaping the future of 
mutual health for ourselves, our earth, our 

LLI 334 Twentieth Century European 
Fiction \, II 

LLI 253/353 (Directed Study) 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Best European fiction since turn of century; 
twelve or so novels representing various coun- 
tries, dominant literary movements, most influ- 
ential authors, such as Proust, Gide, Sartre, 
Camus, Mann, Kafka, Crass, Hesse, Moravia, Cal- 
vino, Vesaas, Solzhenitsyn, Konrad. Reflective 
notes (one single-spaced typewritten page or 
equivalent) for each novel, final synthetic exer- 
cise. One or more novels may be read in original 
language. Prerequisite: one college-level litera- 
ture course. 

LLI 335 Arts of Fiction Prof. Howard Carter 

Theories, landmarks of Western fiction, reading a 
range of theorists, fiction writers who have been 
especially self-conscious, such as Cervantes, 
Fielding, James, Gide, Robbe-Grillet. The nature 
of narrative, style, character, relationships of lan- 
guage and thought, fiction and "real life." Two 
short papers, onelongerpaper. Prerequisite: two 
literature courses. 

LLI 338 Twentieth Century British and 
American Drama Prof. Julienne Empric 

Twentieth century English-speaking drama rang- 
ing from well-made play to episodic, "silent," 
poetic drama. Representative dramatic forms; 
works by O'Neill, Williams, Miller, Eliot, Os- 
borne, Pinter, Beckett, Arden, Stoppard. Influ- 
ences which helped shape modern drama, solu- 
tions of different dramatists to problems of lan- 
guage as communication. Two papers, final 
exam. Offered alternate years. 

ALI 350 (Directed Study) Modern American 
Novel Prof. Peter Meinke 

Ten or twelve major American novelists of first 
half of twentieth century. Journal containing at 
least following three elements: discussion of 
novel's ideas, themes; analysis of novelist's style; 
subjective evaluation of both these aspects. 

ILI 350 (Directed Study) 

Contemporary Women Writers in Britain 

For description see London Offerings. 

CLI/CGR 351 (Directed Study) 
Life and Works of Franz Kafka 

For description see CCR/CLI 351 under German. 

LLI 351 (Directed Study) Twentieth Century 

American Women Artists and Writers 

(c. 1 900-1 935) Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

Women artists, writers in social, cultural context 
of their time; their contribution in different 
media. Choose works from following categories: 
photography, dance, poetry, prose (including 
autobiography, biography, fiction, other writ- 
ings). Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher. 



CLI 360 Modern Japanese Literature in 
Translation Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

Modern Japanese writers have often followed 
western trends, while reflecting distinctive 
themes, behavior patterns of their own culture. 
Sampling of novels, short stories, poetry written 
during past century, revealing much about 
Japanese point of view regarding themselves, the 
world. Three papers, final exam. 

LLI 361 Literary Criticism 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Criticism basically means judgment. Literary crit- 
icism seeks to understand how literature affects 
readers, relates to reality; how a writer should 
create art; qualities literary work should have. 
Ancients, Dante, Renaissance, Neo-Classical 
theorists. Romantics, 19th century writers, 20th 
century criticism, surveying formalist, genre, 
archetypal, historical, interdisciplinary criticism. 
Two papers, midterm, final exam. Prerequisite: 
college literature course. Offered alternate years. 

LLr 367 William Blake Prof. Howard Carter 

Major works of William Blake, visionary who an- 
ticipated some of concepts of Freud, Jung; critical 
interpretations, biographical material. Not only 
did Romantic poetry begin in many ways with 
Blake, but, in some senses, modern poetry as 
well. Papers, class reports, longer paper, final 
exam. Prerequisite: two literaturecoursesorper- 
mission of instructor. 

LLI 371 Poetic Drama Prof. Julienne Empric 

Western poetic drama, including plays by Sopho- 
cles, Euripides, anonymous Medieval play- 
wrights, Shakespeare, Webster, Racine, Goethe, 
Fry. Comedies and tragedies. Two papers, exam. 

LLI 372 Tragedy and Comedy 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Range of periods and genres (drama, film, tele- 
vision); critical opinions on what distinguishes 
tragic and comic. Two papers, in which student 
will formulate theory of tragedy and one of 

ALI 403 American Fiction Since 1950 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Best of American fiction since 1950, selecting 
from such authors as Didion, Ellison, Malamud, 
Mailer, O'Connor, Kesey, Yates, Morris, Bellow. 
Short papers, in-class presentation, final exam. 

LLI 425 Senior Seminar: Shakespeare 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Shakespeare plays and poems; his language, 
structure, settings, characterization, thematic 
concerns, traditions on which he draws. Simula- 
tion projects, papers. Limited to Senior literature 
majors; others by permission of instructor. 

AL! 434 Senior Seminar: 
The Poetry of Eliot and Pound 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Collected poemsofEliotand Pound, critical mate- 
rial on them. Analyze poems stylistically, thema- 
tically; assess roles of Eliot and Pound in develop- 
ment of modern poetry. Journal, paper for pre- 
sentation to class. 

LLI 435 T.S. Eliot and W.B. Yeats Seminar 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Transformation of Romanticism through works of 
two of the greatest poets of past hundred years, 
W.B. Yeats and T.S. Eliot. Quizzes, two short pa- 
pers, two exams. 

CLI/CSP 450/451 (Directed Study) 

The Artistry of Federico Garcia Lorca I, II 

For description see CSP/CLI 450/451 under 

AVS/ACR 202(A) Literature and Vocation 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective. 

LVS/LI 311(A) Literary Themes: 
Literature as Human Experience 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

LVS/LI 325(A) Men and Women Together: 
Examining our Literary Heritage 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

For descriptions see Literature above. 

AVS 360 Values in Contemporary British 
Poetry Prof. Peter Meinke 

Poems of such varied contemporary poets as 
Hope (Australian), Heaney( I rish),Hughes,Larkin 
(English), Ormond (Welsh), Atwood (Canadian). 
Two papers, final exam. 


Literature — London Offerings 

AVS 361 The Spy in Literature 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Role of spy in literature, society. Cooper's The 
Spy, Dostoevsky's The Possessed, Conrad's The 
Secret Agent, Greene's The Human Factor, Le Car- 
re's The Spy Who Came in From the Cold, Hollan- 
der's book-length poem Reflections on Espionage, 
others. Two papers, final exam. 

AVS 385 Values in Modern British and 
American Poetry 

Poems of major American, British poets, 1900- 
1950: Robinson, Frost, Eliot, Pound, Yeats, Au- 
den, Stevens, Cummings. Journal. 


AVS 365 Mothering, Fathering, Friending: 
Explorations in Human Nurturance 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

How our culture manifests values of nurturance: 
myths, symbols of nurturance; power, presence 
in ourown lives; affirmations, taboos. Interdisci- 
plinary approach using readings, slides, possibly 
films, local resources, persons, materials. Jour- 
nal, class presentation, final synthetic project. 
Limit 25. 

lAR 324 Art Patronage in London 
1700-C.1850 Prof. Diana Lloyd 

Development of taste in art of 18th, early 19th 
century aristocrats from patronage of Italian, 
French in early 18th century to awareness of Eng- 
lish artists c. 1750. Hogarth, Reynolds, Stubbs, 
Turner studied in depth. Collections of George 
III, Sir John Soane, Duke of Wellington, Earls, 
Marquesses of Hertford, other connoisseurs dis- 
cussed, visited. 

AVS 380 The Goddess in Literature 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

Myths, archetypes surrounding the Goddess, 
"godtalk", "godthinking" by studying Christian 
mystics, Jungian psychologists, contemporary 
poets, novelists, theologians; our own values, 
spiritual search; images, symbols of the Goddess. 
Papers/presentations, final exam, final proj- 
ect/paper. Offered alternate years. 

AVS 382 Poetry and Values in 
Contemporary America Prof. Peter Meinke 

Poems of twentieth century American poets, ex- 
ploring relationships as evidenced in poems of 
humankind's relation to nature, society, science, 
religion, truth, beauty, all subjects of poets from 
Frost, Eliot to Ginsberg, Dickey. Role poetry 
plays, does not or can play in these relationships. 

AVS 384 Twentieth Century American 
Women in the Arts 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

Contributions of American women artists; 
values, problems affecting them from 1935 to 
present. Traditions influencing women as per- 
sons, artists. Within context of values questions 
raised, examining works by women in various 
media: dance, visual arts, prose, poetry, film, 
photography, etc. Midterm project, final paper, 
exam. Limit 25. Offered alternate years. 

lED 351 (Directed Study) 
British Innovative Education 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

The British pre-school play-group, middle 
school, infant school, open university as primary 
models for American educational innovation. 
Two papers: 1) background research document 
demonstrating familiarity with British education; 
2) on particular segment, describing current 
trends, issues, comparing to selected norm, 
evaluating results, with annotated bibliography. 

IHI 250 (Directed Study) 
History of England to 1714 

Prof. William Wilbur 

For description see LHI 250 under History. 

IHI 251 (Directed Study) 

History of Modern Britain Since 1714 

Prof. William Wilbur 

For description see LHI 251 under History. 

IHI 252 (Directed Study) 

History of London Prof. William Wilbur 

For description see History. 


London Offerings — Management 

ILI 350 (Directed Study) 

Contemporary Women Writers in Britain 

Prof. Donna V inter 

Ten novels by Lessing, Drabble, Murdoch, Spark, 
Pym, Weldon, Mortimer. Five page paper, longer 
final paper. Not specifically for literature majors, 
but background in reading literature helpful. 
Seminar offered each semester. Limit 8 to 10. 

INT 350 (Directed Study) 

The Twentieth Century British Mind 

Prof. Keith Irwin 

Autobiography, poetry, drama, novel, theologi- 
cal writings, philosophy prior to 1940/post 1940 to 
compare ideas, beliefs, attitudes. Eliot/Hughes, 
Forster/Storey, Russell/Strawson, Lewis/Robin- 
son represents kinds of pairs to be selected. Jour- 
nal developing crucial ideas forming British mind 
in this century. 

INT/VS 289(C) London Colloquium 

Diverse viewpoints of parliamentary system, reli- 
gious traditions, race relations, trade unions, 
national health services, education system, litera- 
ture, the arts comparing them with correspond- 
ing views in U.S. Outside speakers, excursions, 
visits, supplementseminars, discussion. Journal, 
visit reports, research paper, midterm, final 
exam. Taught by resident faculty director/London 
adjunct faculty. Required of all participants in 
London program. 

ISO 350 (Directed Study) 

London; A Representation of British Society 

Prof. Clark Bouwman 

Opportunity to select, develop particular in- 
terests in some depth. London, its environs, sig- 
nificant social problems, public/organized re- 
sponses, role of planning, context of British 
national character, values. Term paper, final 
exam, journal of experience relative to specific 
study area selected. 

ITH 365 Theatre in London 

Prof. Donna Vinter 

London theatre in as much variety as possible. 
The play itself, "conventions" open to play- 
wright, challenges faced by director. Seeing 
plays; if possible, visits from members of profes- 
sional London theatre. Journal, written work, 
final exam. 


The Eckerd College Management program is de- 
signed to prepare the student to compete for the 
management career of the student's choice 
through studies leading to preparation for entry 
level positions or graduate work in business 
administration. The undergraduate management 
core program consists of 12 courses: 

1. Principles of Microeconomics 

2. Principles of Macroeconomics 

3. Statistical Methods 

4. Quantitative Methods for Economics and 
Management (or Calculus) 

5. The Managerial Enterprise 

6. Principles of Marketing 

7. Introduction to Finance 

8. Computers and Management Information 

9. Organizational Behavior and Leadership 

10. Principles of Accounting 

11. Business Law 

12. Senior Comprehensives (Business Policy 
and Strategic Management) 

Students who expect to enter Master of Business 
Administration (MBA) programs are advised to 
take Calculus in place of Quantitative Methods of 
Economics and Management. 

Those who wish to establish a particularskill area 
and prepare for a specialized career may select 
electives from among the upper level courses 
offered in Marketing, Finance, Accounting, Man- 
agement, etc. However, no elective credits are 
required to qualify for a degree in Management. 

BMN/NMA 120 Quantitative Methods for 
Economics and Management 

For description see Mathematics. 

BMN 271 Principles of Accounting 

Prof. Robert Lyon 

Basic elements of accounting as an information 
system. Accounting cycle, internal control, 
accounting systems, generally accepted account- 
ing principles, accounting for partnerships. Prac- 
tice sets and exams. Sophomore or higher stand- 
ing required. 

BMN 272 Computers and Management 
Information Systems 

Key decisions made by managers pertaining to 
computers and information systems. Computer 
terminology, concepts, descriptive view of uses. 
Introduction to computer hardware and pro- 
gramming; evaluation and selection of computer 



systems; charging, organizing, staffing of data 
processing function; systems implementation 
process; databasesystems; social implicationsof 
information systems. Workbook assignments, 
student project, two midterm, final exam. 

BMN 273 Personal Finance 

Prof. Ted Dowd 

Financial challenges facing individuals, families 
in modern society. Translating lifetime goals into 
financial plans, action. Income generation, per- 
sonal budgeting, taxes, uses of credit, insurance, 
housing, estate planning. Speakers, presenta- 
tions. Midterm, final exams. Of special interest to 
non-management majors. 

BMN 275 Developing Managerial Skills in 

Issues related to the aspirations of women for 
increased management responsibilities; aspects 
of management roles for women. 

BMN/PO 276 An Introduction to Public 
Administration Prof. Arthur Peterson 

Basic concepts, processes of American public 
administration. Review of paradigms of public 
administration, organization theory, budgeting, 
publicpersonnel administration, systems theory, 
policy analysis. Five quizzes on readings, two 
one-hour midterms, final exam, 10-15 page paper 
on particular governmental agency. Prereq- 
uisites: introductory behavioral science courses, 
Sophomore or higher. 

BMN 277 Small Business Ownership 

Prof. Ted Dowd 

Entrepreneurship in the initiation, planning and 
operation of a successful small business. Stu- 
dents select a business and develop a business 
plan. Speakers, presentations. Midterm, final 

BMN 278 Business Law 

Comprehensive examination, analysis of princi- 
ples, rationale, application of business law, reg- 
ulations. Contracts, agency, formation of busi- 
ness organizations. Uniform Commercial Code, 
creditors' rights and laws, regulations affecting 
labor, torts and property, judicial and administra- 
tive processes. Case preparation, midterm, final 

BMN/VS 332(S) Consumer Behavior and 
Consumerism Prof. Joseph Bearson 

Contributions of behaviorial disciplines (psychol- 
ogy, sociology, anthropology) to understanding 
consumer decision-making process. Impact of 
consumer movement on law, agencies of govern- 
ment, the press, private sector. Value issues of 
consumerism, steps taken to meet its demands 
through new emphasis on consumer affairs in 
business. Paper, two midterm, final exams. 

BMN 350 (Directed Study) Personnel 
Management Prof. Bart Tebbs 

For off-campus students enrolled in the Interna- 
tional Education program and as a summer 
directed study only. Not offered for on-campus 
students. See BMN 376 for description. 

BMN/VS 367(S) Management Ethics: 
Theory and Practice Prof. Bart Tebbs 

Role of values in managerial decision making, 
individual responsibilities to organization, 
organization's responsibilities to individual. Role 
of individual in organizations from perspective of 
personal, institutional values. Case studies, for- 
mal, informal presentations, midterm tests, writ- 
ten/oral case analysis. Sophomore standing or 

BMN 368 The Managerial Enterprise 

Basic concepts, theories, management styles of 
contemporary management. Importance of com- 
munication, motivation, planning, directing, 
controlling, organizing. Prerequisite: BPS102or 

BMN 369 Principles of Marketing 

Prof. Joseph Bearson 

Principles, problems, methods in distributing, 
marketing, goods, services: marketing agents, 
institutions. Policies of distribution, product de- 
velopment, packaging, pricing, transportation, 
advertising, promotion, buyer motivation. 
Understanding relationship of dynamic market- 
ing system to modern economy. Case analysis, 
midterm, final exams. Prerequisites: BEC281 and 
one introductory behavioral science course. 



BMN 370 Organizational Behavior and 
Leadership Prof. Bart Tebbs 

Behavior in organizations, interaction of indi- 
vidual, organization inworksituationsfrom view- 
pointsof industrial psychologist, managers, indi- 
viduals in the organization. Term paper, mid- 
term, final exams. Prerequisites: Junior/Senior 
standing, completion of or concurrent enroll- 
ment in BMN 368. 

BMN 371 Intermediate Accounting 

Prof. Robert Lyon 

Further developing concepts, theory used in 
practice of accounting. Application of accounting 
principles in preparation, analysis of financial 
statements, price level changes, leases, other 
topics of current interest. Practice set, exam. Pre- 
requisite: BMN 271. 

BMN 372 Managerial Accounting 

Prof. Robert Lyon 

Extension of Principles of Accounting: use of 
accounting information in control of business op- 
eration, interpretation of information for man- 
agement's use. Overview of analysis of financial 
statements, cost and responsibility accounting, 
budgeting, cost-volume-profit analysis and deci- 
sion making. Prerequisite: BMN 271. 

BMN 373 Marketing Communications 

Prof. Joseph Bearson 

Processes, functions of promotion; develop- 
ment of promotional strategies incorporating 
creative use of advertising, publicity, merchan- 
dising, direct selling, sales promotion. Analysis of 
problems directly related to management of 
promotional activities. Project, two midterm, 
final exam. Prerequisite: BMN 369. 

BMN 374 Market Intelligence 

Prof. Joseph Bearson 

Techniques of collection, measurement of data 
relevant to processes of market target identifica- 
tion, sales forecasting, marketing strategy de- 
velopment. Analysis of sources of information to 
organizations, including market research, cost/ 
revenue breakdowns, competitive analysis, 
secondary sources, others. Project, two mid- 
terms, final exam. Prerequisite: BMN 369. 

BMN 375 Marketing Channels and Logistics 

Prof. Joseph Bearson 

Comparative marketing methods, policies em- 
ployed by retailers, exchange specialists, manu- 
facturers, non-profit organizations, etc. Manag- 
ing distribution channels (site location, trans- 
portation, storage). Distributingproductstocon- 
sumers with optimal efficiency and economy. 
Casework, midterm, final exams. Prerequisite: 
BMN 369. 

BMN 376 Personnel Management 

Prof. Bart Tebbs 

Managing human resources within an organiza- 
tion as part of total management system. Basic 
personnel processes. Several midterm tests, 
workbook assignments, final exam. Prereq- 
uisites: An introductory behavioral science 
course and Junior standing. 

BMN 377 Introduction to Finance 

Prof. Ted Dowd 

Survey of financial markets and institutions, both 
privateand public. Basicprincipleswithemphasis 
on current problems. Speakers, presentations. 
Midterm, final exams. Prerequisites: BMN 368, 
BEC 281 or 282. 

BMN 471 Advanced Accounting 

Prof. Robert Lyon 

Topics of concern to practitioner, theoretician: 
partnership/joint ventures, installment sales, 
consignments, branch operations, mergers/con- 
solidations. Exams. Prerequisite: BMN 371. 

BMN 474 Organization Development and 
Behavior Management: An Introduction 
and Comparison Prof. Bart Tebbs 

Introduces, compares organization develop- 
ment (behavorial science principles, practices ap- 
plied to organization effectiveness) with organi- 
zational behavior modification (creating more 
effective behavior in organizations through be- 
havior modification and social learning theory). 
Two tests, two papers, final exam. Designed for 
management students; psychology majors in- 
terested in industrial, organizational psychology; 
human resources majors; education majors in- 
terested in educational administration. Prereq- 
uisites: Senior standing and an introductory be- 
havioral science course. 


Management — Mathematics 

BMN 475 Investment Analysis 

Prof. Ted Dowd 

Theories of major U.S. security markets: fun- 
damental, technical analysis of stock market. 
Alternative personal investment goals, practices, 
tax implications; establishing, managing person- 
al portfolio: investor objectives/risks, informa- 
tion sources, value determinants, market oper- 
ations, mechanics, security analysis. Exams, class 
presentations, investment simulation model. 
Prerequisites: BMN 271, BEC 281, BEC 282 and 
BES 260, or permission of instructor. 

BMN 479 Corporate Finance 

Prof. Ted Dowd 

Foundations of financial management used in 
corporate decision making. Financial analysis, 
forecasting, leverage, sinking capital, capital 
budgeting, risk, mergers, acquisitions. Prob- 
lems, midterm, fin-al exams. Prerequisites: BMN 
271 , BMN 377, BEC 281 , 282 and BES 260. 

BVS 362 Business and Society 

Prof. Robert Lyon 

Relationship between business and society; cur- 
rent and future socially significant issues. Busi- 
ness and changing values, technology, polluted 
environment, the arts, and others. Research 

For other management courses see Economics, 
Psychology, Sociology. 


A marketing concentration may be elected by a 
student as a skill area within the management 
major. Students electing marketing as a skill area 
within the management major must meet re- 
quirements for the Eckerd College Management 
programs. See MANAGEMENT for descriptions of 
those requirements and courses. 


The basic requirement for either the B.A. or B.S. 
degree is the completion of eight mathematics 
courses numbered above 233. Independent 
study courses in special topics in mathematics 
also may be used in satisfying this requirement. 
This wideflexibility permitsa program of study to 
be tailored to the individual student's interests. 
All mathematics courses taken are applicable to 
the collegial requirement of 12 natural science 
courses for the B.A. degree, and 16 natural sci- 
ence courses for the B.S. degree. 

NAS 103 Computer Algorithms and 

Problems from many fields suitable for com- 
puters; analyzing, devising algorithm for solu- 
tion, constructing flow chart diagram depicting 
algorithm, translating into BASIC or FORTRAN. 
Computer problems, one special computer proj- 
ect of student's choice, several tests in BASIC or 

NMA 101 College Algebra 

Basic algebra, prerequisite for understanding 
Calculus I. Languageof logic, sets, foundationsof 
real numbersystem. Function concept, emphasis 
on polynomial, algebraic functions. Some analyt- 
ic geometry to illustrate above. Daily assign- 
ments, hour tests, final exam. 

NMA 102 Finite Mathematics 

Handling symbolic statements in logically 
meaningful manner. Truth sets, probability, 
Markovchains, vector and matrix theory, applica- 
tions to behavioral, managerial sciences, intro- 
duction to linear programming. Probability, 
other background mathematics of value in study- 
ing statistics, topics in management, business 
administration. Daily assignments, hour tests, 
final exam. 

NMA 103 Trigonometry 

Functions and their graphs: trigonometric func- 
tions, their inverses, exponential, logarithmic 
functions, proving identities, solving equations, 
developing complex numbers. Daily assign- 
ments, hourtests, final exam. Prerequisite: NMA 
101 or two years of high school algebra. 

NMA 105 Precalculus Mathematics 

Algebra, trigonometry to depth necessary for 
study of calculus. Properties of real number 
system; polynomial equations, inequalities; 
algebraic, trigonometric, exponential, logarith- 
mic functions; introduction to analytic geometry. 
Homework, tests, final exam. 





NMA/BMN 120 Quantitative Methods for 
Economics and Management 

Mathematics used in undergraduate studies in 
economics, management. Decision makingtech- 
niques under conditions of uncertainty, cer- 
tainty; decision trees, present-value analysis, lin- 
ear programming, network models. (Students 
expecting to pursue graduate study in eco- 
nomics, management a re ad vised to take calculus 
and linear algebra instead of this course). Pre- 
requisite: NMA 101 or permission of instructor. 
Limit 35. 

NMA 131 Calculus r 

First course in two-course sequence: calculus of 
single variable functions, plane analytic geome- 
try. Function, limit, continuity, differentiation, 
definite integral; applications to physical sci- 
ences, economics. Daily assignments, hourtests, 
final exam. Prerequisite: NMA 101, NMA 105 or 
two years of high school algebra. 

NMA 132 Calculus If 

Continuation of Calculus I ; calculus of exponen- 
tial, logarithmic, trigonometricfunctions, formal 
integration techniques, applications, infinite 
series. Daily assignments, hour tests, final exam. 
Prerequisites: NMA 105 or NMA 103, NMA 131. 

NMA 133 Statistics, An Introduction 

Probability and statistics, uses in Natural Scien- 
ces. Concepts with illustrativeexamples, applica- 
tions from various fields. Elementary probability 
theory; discrete, continuous random variables; 
special continuous distributions including nor- 
mal, chi-square distribution, t-distribution, 
f-distribution; hypothesis testing, point, interval 
estimation, linear regression, non-parametric 
statistics. Prerequisite: NMA 131. Credit not 
given for both this course and BES 260; credit 
given for one of the two only. 

NMA 233 Calculus III 

Calculus of functions of several variables. Three- 
dimensional analytic geometry, partial deriva- 
tives, directional derivatives, extrema of func- 
tions of several variables, multiple integration, 
applications. Daily assignments, hour tests, final 
exam. Prerequisite: NMA 132. 

NMA 234 Differential Equations 

Linear differential equations of second and high- 
erorder, Laplace transform, systemsof firstorder 
equations and numerical methods. Daily assign- 
ments, hourtests, final exam. Prerequisite: NMA 

NMA 236 Linear Algebra 

Vector spaces, linear transformations, matrices, 
applications in analysis of systems of linear equa- 
tions. Eigenvalues, eigenvectors for square mat- 
rices. Daily assignments, hour tests, final exam. 
Prerequisites: NMA 131 and permission of in- 
structor, or NMA 132. 

NMA 237 Combinatorial Mathematics 

Topics fundamental to applied mathematics that 
deal with finite or discrete sets, chosen from 
enumeration techniques, generating functions 
for such techniques, recurrence relations, 
Polya's theory of counting, fundamentals of 
graph theory, partitions, difference equations, 
finite groups. Hour tests, final exam. Prereq- 
uisite: NMA 131 and permission of instructor, or 
NMA 132. 

NMA 238 Optimization Techniques 

Reviewofclassical optimization techniques (max- 
imization, minimization with, without con- 
straints); introduction to linear programming 
(the model, assumptions, simplex method, dual- 
ity theory, sensitivity analysis, applications); in- 
troduction to non-linear programming (Kuhn 
Tucker condition, quadratic and convex pro- 
gramming, search techniques and conclusions). 
Daily assignments, hour tests, final exam. 
Prerequisite: NMA 233. 

NMA 333 Probability and Statistics I 

Probability theory, random variables, random 
sampling, various distribution functions, point 
and interval estimation, tests of hypotheses, re- 
gression theory, nonparametric tests with em- 
phasis on mathematical development of topics. 
Daily assignments, hourtests, final exam. Prereq- 
uisite: NMA 132 or permission of instructor. 
Offered alternate years. 

NMA 334 Probability and Statistics II 

Continuation of Probability and Statistics I. Daily 
assignments, hourtests, final exam. Prerequisite: 
NMA 333. Offered alternate years. 


Mathematics — Medical Technology — Military Science 

NMA 335 Abstract Algebra I 

Two-course sequence, naive set theory, some 
properties of integers, groups, rings, integral do- 
mains, vectorspaces, developmentof fields. Dai- 
ly assignments, hour tests, final exam. Pre- 
requisite: NMA 132 or 236. Offered alternate 

NMA 336 Abstract Algebra II 

Continuation of Abstract Algebra I. Daily assign- 
ments, hourtests, final exam. Prerequisite: NMA 
335. Offered alternate years. 

NMA 337 Foundations in Geometry 

Foundations, development of Euclidean, non- 
Euclidean geometry with axiomatic approach. 
Particularly appropriate for prospective teachers. 
Daily assignments, hour tests, final exam. Pre- 
requisite: NMA 132 or permission of instructor. 

NMA 341 Numerical Analysis 

Approximation, interpolation, differentiation, 
integration, solutions of non-linear equations, 
systems of equations, differential equations. 
Daily assignments, hour tests, final exam. Pre- 
requisites: NMA 233 (may betaken concurrently) 
and ability to write BASIC or FORTRAN. 

NMA 433 Real Analysis I 

Two-course sequence: foundations of real analy- 
sis, topics from advanced calculus developed, 
real numbers as complete ordered field, deriva- 
tive, Riemann Integral, Euclidean n-space, vec- 
tor-valued functions of vector variable. Daily 
assignments, hourtests, final exam. Prerequisite: 
NMA 233. Offered alternate years. 

NMA 434 Real Analysis II 

Continuation of Real Analysis I. Partial deriva- 
tives, inverse and implicit function theorems, 
multiple, infinite, line, s'urface integrals. Green's 
and Stoke's theorems, infinite series. Daily as- 
signments, hour tests, final exam. Prerequisite: 
NMA 433. Offered alternate years. 

approval of the mathematics faculty, satisfy the 
comprehensive examination requirement for 
graduation. Prerequisites: excellence in mathe- 
maticscoursesthrough the Junioryearand invita- 
tion by the faculty. 


The Medical Technology program offers students 
general studies here and a fourth year of profes- 
sional course work at a hospital which has been 
approved by the Council on Medical Education of 
the American Medical Association. The general 
studies program at Eckerd must include a mini- 
mum of thirteen courses in the Natural Sciences 
which are required for certification: five courses 
in biology (including microbiology and immun- 
ology); five courses in chemistry (including or- 
ganic and analytical chemistry); one course in 
mathematics (normally calculus) and twocourses 
in physics. Completion of the all-college general 
education requirements is expected of all our 
graduates. Since Senior general education 
courses have usually not been taken in advance, 
arrangements are made to take these two cou rses 
by independent study during the Senior year off 
campus. The professional course work taken dur- 
ing the Senior year requires that the student 
spend 12 months in training at a certified hospital 
to which he/she has gained admission. The stu- 
dent receives Eckerd credit for the laboratory 
courses taken in that clinical setting. The bac- 
calaureate is awarded on successful completion 
of this course work, with a major in interdis- 
ciplinary science. In addition, the student re- 
ceives certification by the American Society of 
Clinical Pathologists (ASCP) after passing an offi- 
cial examination. Supervision of clinical course 
work during the Senior year is carried out by a 
Program Director (an M.D. certified in clinical 
pathology by the American Board of Pathology) 
and an Educational Coordinator (a medical tech- 
nologist certified by the Registry of Medical Tech- 
nologists). At Bayfront Medical Center, where we 
have sent most of our students, these two people 
are R.A. Essman, M.D., and Lu Bravos, M.T. 


NMA 499 Independent Research — Thesis 

Seniors majoring in mathematics may, upon in- 
vitation of the mathematics faculty, do research 
and write a thesis under the direct ion of a member 
of that faculty. The submission of the resulting 
written thesis and an oral defense will, upon 

RMS 100 Introduction to Military Science 

R.O.T.C. Staff 

Introduction to mission, organization, contem- 
porary issues of U.S. Army. Leadership tech- 
niques, approaches that lead to better under- 
standing of group behavior and forces that moti- 


Military Science — Modern Languages — Music 

vate people. International relations, highlighting 
current issues, from military viewpoint; military 
map reading fundamentals through lecture and 
practical exercises. Insight, understanding into 
militarydefensestructureof our nation; possible 
career opportunities. Three quizzes (30%), map 
reading (15%), two papers (10% each), oral report 
(10%), final exam (25%). 


A major in modern languages will ordinarily con- 
sist of at least six courses above the elementary 
level in one language, with a Senior thesis or 
comprehensive examination in that language, 
plus four courses or more in at least one other 
language. Courses in a second or third language 
ought to be taken in two-course sequences. 
Generally, the student would be well advised to 
choose area studies courses that correspond to 
the languages in which he/she is concentrating. A 
minimum of one month of residence abroad in a 
foreign language environment is strongly 


The major in music consists of Comprehensive 
Musicianship courses I, II, III, IV, V and VI, plus 
two additional music courses. In addition, a stu- 
dent must be enrolled for one hour per week in 
applied music instruction and participate in one 
of the ensemble programs operatingthrough the 
music discipline during each term of residency. 

ACR 225(A) Multi-Media Studies in 
Aesthetics Prof. Joan Epstein 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective. 

AMU 101 Fundamentals of Musicianship 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

Acquiring, developing concepts, skills in fun- 
damental musicianship for student not majoring 
in music. Scales, key signatures, intervals, 
elementary harmony, separately and in context of 
musical compositions. Written exercises, final 

AMU 145 Comprehensive Musicianship I: 
for Majors Prof. William Waters 

Ear training, sight singing, keyboard harmony, 
fundamentals of music theory as prepararion for 
advanced studies in music history and analysis. 
Composition in small homophonic forms. Class- 
room and independent lab sessions. Written ex- 
ercises, tests, final exam. Open to all; required of 
prospective music majors. Prerequisite to all 
other Comprehensive Musicianship courses. 

AMU 221 Introduction to Music Literature 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

Consideration of most significant, best com- 
posed works of Western civilization in terms of 
style, historical place. Emphasis on pursuits of 
major composers, performers. Listening assign- 
ments, several minor projects, paper, final exam. 

AMU 223 Introduction to Opera 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

Peculiar dramatic advantages of opera; musical 
devices to promote the dramatic, emotional 
aspects. Lecture, discussion, listening, non- 
technical dramatic analysis, television and live 
opera when possible. Several operas examined 
closely. English-language vocal score of Mozart's 
The Marriage of Figaro and Verdi's Othello'will be 
required. Oral report, up to three essay exams. 
For beginner without music background. 
Offered alternate years. 

AMU 224 Jazz, Its Music and Style 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

Beginnings, progress of jazz to present, analyz- 
ing, defining its nature, evaluating, comparing 
with other kinds of music. Extensive listening to 
jazz recordings. Projects related to student back- 
ground, experience. Research project, two aural/ 
essay exams. For students with no previous 
musical course or experience. 

AMU 242 Comprehensive Musicianship II: 
Medieval and Renaissance Music 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

History, theory, performance practices of Medi- 
eval, Renaissance periods. Sacred, secular 
music: chant, polyphony, carol, Palestrina, Eliza- 
bethan dance, madrigals; institutions under 
whose patronage music was composed, per- 
formed. Listening, performing encouraged. 
Written exercises, quiz on listening, research 
paper or final exam. Prerequisites: AMU 145 or 



AMU 245 Choral Literature and Ensemble 

Prof. William Waters 

Music for chorus from medieval to contempo- 
rary. Active membership in Concert Choir re- 
quired concurrently. Techniques of ensemble 
performance demonstrated, practiced; pro- 
ficiency in score reading; historical, stylistic con- 
siderations, performance practices appropriate 
to periods studied. Admission by audition. 

AMU 350 (Directed Study) Twentieth 
Century Music Prof. William Waters 

Important works of major composers of this cen- 
tury, history of period, writings by composers, 
listening to recordings of works. Written exam, 
project, or extended paper on topic approved by_ 
instructor. Open to all students; ability to read 
standard musical scoring at minimal level help- 

AMU 246 Instrumental Ensemble 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

Opportunity for instrumentalist to perform in 
one or more of large variety of instrumental en- 
sembles: strings, brass, woodwinds with, with- 
out keyboard. Small ensemble or chamber 
music. Size, type of ensembles depends on 
enrollment, musical instruments played. Permis- 
sion of instructor required. 

AMU 266/267 Music Projects I 

Performance-centered musical experiences, 
solo, ensemble, short, extended works, research 
into areas related to musical performance. Regu- 
lar rehearsal expected, weekly critique sessions. 
Open to all students; proposals must have the 
approval of music faculty. Work may be distrib- 
uted over more than one semester for a single 
course credit. Prerequisite: demonstrated musi- 
cal skills, permission of instructor. 

AMU 341 Comprehensive Musicianship III: 
Music of the Baroque Period 

Prof. William Waters 

Music of Bach, Handel, others; contrapuntal 
practices of period. Students encouraged to per- 
form music of period; lab emphasizes ear train- 
ing, listening to music. Written exercises, quiz on 
listening, research paper or final exam. Pre- 
requisite: AMU 145 or permission of instructor. 

AMU 342 Comprehensive Musicianship IV: 
Music of the Classical Period 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

Advanced study of music, analysis of composi- 
tional forms, techniques, harmonic procedures 
in Classical era. Process of becoming a musician, 
role of musician in today's society. Ear training, 
sight singing in classroom, independent study. 
Primarily for students intending to pursue musi- 
cal vocation. Written exercises, tests, paper, final 
exam. Prerequisites: AMU 145, 242, 341 or per- 
mission of instructor. 

AMU 361 Advanced Tonal Harmony 

Prof. William Waters 

Continuation of AMU 145. Harmonic techniques: 
modulatory practices through chromatic har- 
mony of late nineteenth century. Written exer- 
cises, tests, final exam. Open to all qualified stu- 
dents; recommended for music majors. Permis- 
sion of instructor required. 

AMU 366/367 Music Projects 11 

For students with demonstrated abilities in 
music, proficiency in theoretical, historical back- 
ground: recital preparation, production of origi- 
nal work. Work may be done in more than one 
semester for single course credit. Permission of 
music faculty required. 

AMU 442 Applied Music : Organ, Piano, 
Voice, Guitar, String, Brass, Woodwinds 

Learn to perform great music of all periods on any 
instrument offered, through disciplined practice, 
research. One one-hour lesson, at least six prac- 
tice hours, attendance at one performance class 
per week. One course credit for each year of 
study. Permission of music faculty required. 

AMU 443 Comprehensive Musicianship V: 
Music of the Romantic Period 

Prof. William Waters 

Leading composers from late works of Beethoven 
to Debussy. Primary source material, analysis of 
musical structures; in instrumental forms, com- 
positions for solo instruments, chamber work, 
symphony. Composition in style of period; per- 
formances of original compositions, works by 
masters encouraged. Major, two shorter papers. 
Prerequisite: AMU 145 or equivalent. Offered 
alternate years. 


Music — Philosophy 

AMU 444 Comprehensive Musicianship VI: 
Music of Contemporary Period 

Prof. William Waters 

Music of French Impressionist School through 
Schonberg, Ives, Stravinsky, Bartok, Webern, 
Varese, Ort'f, Messian, Hindemith, Prokofiev. 
Posttonal organization of sound, twelve-tone 
techniques, aleatory music, other twentieth cen- 
tury phenomena. Two oral reports, major paper, 
final exam. Prerequisite: AMU 145 or permission 
of instructor. 

AVS 362 Creative Listening 

Prof. William Waters 

Improving perception of various elements of 
music (texture, rhythm, melody, harmony, form). 
Recognizing distinctive intertwining of elements 
to express concepts, emotions in various types of 
music, at various times in history. Listening 
assignments, two aural exams, comprehensive 
term paper. For students with little formal music 

AVS 363 Music and Values 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

Music as means of transmitting values — reli- 
gious, moral, occupational, aesthetic, political. 
Examining music expressive of patriotic prose, 
political outrage, pride in work, contempt for 
accepted mores, human compassion, bigotry. 
Two essay exams, research paper. Musical experi- 
ence not required. 


Students majoring in philosophy will develop 
with a Mentor a program with a minimum of eight 
philosophy courses, at least two from Logic and 
Language, Modes of Philosophizing, Ethics;at 
least three from the History of Philosophy four- 
course series; the remainder should be upper 
level courses representing the student's particu- 
lar interests, integrative in relation to courses 
taken in other fields, and should help provide 
perspective for the whole liberal arts program. 

LPL 101 Introduction to Philosophy 

LPL 150 (Directed Study) Prof. Keith In^/in 

Thought of such philosophers as Berkeley, 
James, Plato, Lucretius, Sartre; philosophical 
questions, possible modes, patterns for answer- 
ing them, assuming they differ from scientific, 
historical, technological, informational, com- 
monsensical, other kinds of questions; venturing 

on personal philosophical thinking with greater 
confidence, sophistication, through recogniz- 
ing, appreciating philosophical thinking of 

LPL 102 Introduction to Logic 

Prof. Peter Pav 

Methods of critical, logical analysis of language, 
thought; everyday language, its nature, uses, 
misuses; artificial logical languages whose pre- 
cision can aid understanding; developing tech- 
niques for evaluating arguments, analytic pre- 
cision, recognizing fallacies. Useful for pre-law, 
philosophy, science, mathematics, social sci- 
ence, literature students. Frequent homework 
exercises, three open-book exams. 

LPL 201 Science in the Ancient World 

Prof. Peter Pav 

Theoretical, applied science, technology, physi- 
cal science, biology, medicine, mathematics in 
three lands, 3000 B.C.-A.D. 200; interrelations of 
science and philosophy. Seminar presentations, 
research paper, two exams. 

CPL/CRE 230 Philosophy 6f Religion. 

For description see Religion. 

CPL 241 Ethics Prof. Ashby Johnson 

Major moral philosophies in Western thought, 
Plato through Nietzsche. Foundations of moral 
reasoning, definition of the good life. Croups 
rotate major responsibility for class discussion. 
Two one-page thesis papers, five-page paper ap- 
plying position of major ethical thinker to con- 
temporary moral problem, final integrative edu- 
cational experience. 

CPL 244 Social and Political Philosophy 

Prof. Ashby Johnson 

Major theories of civil order which have been 
influential in Western Europe, America. Contem- 
porary political theory examined in light of clas- 
sical tradition, historical movements. Two tests, 
term paper, exam. Offered alternate years. 



LPL 301 Alchemy 

Prof. Peter Pav 

Appropriate for philosophy, history, science, 
literature, creative arts, religion. Alchemical 
theory, goals, methods, development, relation to 
"normal" science, philosophy, religion, occult- 
ism. After a few introductory lectures, students 
present seminars on selected topics. Term paper. 

LPL 321 History of Philosophy: Greek and 
Roman Prof. Peter Pav 

Rise of philosophy, 600 BC-100 AD. Emphasis on 
natural philosophy. Pre-Socratics, Sophists, 
Stoics, Epicureans, Plato, Aristotle. Student-led 
seminars. Two take-home exams, term paper. 
Relevant for philosophy, history, science, clas- 
sics. Offered alternate years. 

LPL 322 History of Philosophy: Medieval 
and Renaissance Prof. Keith Irwin 

Philosophy of high middle ages, one of most im- 
pressive intellectual accomplishments of West- 
ern man. Medieval mind, Augustine, Anselm, 
Aquinas, Scotus, Ockham, Renaissance philos- 
ophies. Relations between faith, reason as 
avenues of truth. Four short papers used in sem- 
inar discussions, final exam. Not open to Fresh- 
men. Offered alternate years. 

LPL 323 History of Philosophy: 

17th-18th Century Prof. Keith Irwin 

Central problem of knowledge: what, how can 
we know ourselves, our world. Cod? Philo- 
sophical developments, Descartes through Kant 
as response to Scientific Revolution. Two exams, 
seminar presentations, philosophical journal. 
Offered alternate years. 

LPL 324 History of Philosophy: Nineteenth 
Century Prof. Peter Pav 

Reactions to Kant, Cerman Idealism, Utilitarian- 
ism, social, scientific philosophy, existentialism: 
Hegel, Schopenhauer, Comte, Mill, Marx, Kier- 
kegaard, Nietzsche, Mach. Systematic rational- 
ism, its limits, role of science in metaphysics, 
importance of individual. Seminar presentations, 
two exams, written philosophical statement. 
Offered alternate years. 

LPL 342 Twentieth Century Philosophical 
Movements Prof. Keith Irwin 

Development of philosophical analysis and ex- 
istentialism as two main philosophical move- 
ments of twentieth century; comparison on such 
critical issues as views of man, language, ethics, 
religion. Written presentations, final exam. 
Freshmen require permission of instructor. 
Offered alternate years. 

CPL 344 Varieties of Marxism 

Prof. Ashby Johnson 

Philosophical, economic background of nine- 
teenth century Europe, selections from writings 
of Marx, Engels, Lenin, Trotsky, Stalin, Djilas. 
Chinese, Latin American, European interpreta- 
tions of Marx. Seminar reports, major paper, mid- 
term, final exams. Some background in philos- 
ophy, economics or political theory required. 
Offered alternate years. 

LPL 345 Symbolic Logic Prof. Peter Pav 

Theoretically oriented sequel to Logic and Lan- 
guage. Logic as object of study, not inferential 
tool. Propositional, predicate logic axiomatically 
developed, analyzed, emphasis on formal prop- 
erties: derivability, completeness, analyticity, 
categoricity, consistency. Homework exercises, 
three open-book or take-home exams. Prereq- 
uisite: LPL 102 or permission of instructor for 
students with equivalent background. Offered 
alternate years. 

INT 350 (Directed Study) 

The Twentieth Century British Mind 

Prof. Keith Irwin 

For description see London Offerings. 

LPL 360 Philosophy of Science 

Prof. Peter Pav 

Recent controversy on scientific explanation be- 
tween formal, logical analysis and informal, 
heuristic approach. Analysis of laws, theories; 
examples from history of science: Lavoisier's dis- 
covery of oxygen, Pasteur's concerning bacteria, 
Pauli's of neutrinos. Two exams, term paper. 
Offered alternate years. 

LPL 325 History of Science Prof. Peter Pav 

Overview of growth of physical science 600 B.C.- 
A.D. 1700, major issues, figures. Class presenta- 
tions, quizzes, research paper, exams. 

LTR/NAS 283(E) The Growth and Nature of 
Scientific Views 

Profs. Peter Pav, Reggie Hudson 

For description see Environmental Perspective. 


Philosophy — Physical Education 

LTR/VS 303(E) The Scientific Revolution and 
Human Values Prof. Peter Pav 

For description see Environmental Perspective. 

LTR/VS 304(E) Science, Technology and 
Human Values Prof. Peter Pav 

For description see Environmental Perspective. 

LTR/VS 308(A) Experience, Values and 
Criticism Prof. Keith Irwin 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective. 


BPE 104 Analysis of Motor Skill Learning 

Theory, principles underlying learning, perform- 
ing physical skills. Individual group activities 
analyzed for skills, knowledge required to per- 
form motor activities, techniques of relating 
them to others. Practical application in instruc- 
tional settings. Project papers, group project, 
midterm, final exams. 

BPE 202 Kinesiology 

Body mechanics, muscular system, their inter- 
relationship. Program of daily muscle use, basic 
anatomy, physiology, psychology. Bone, liga- 
ment, muscle relationship, physical laws in- 
fluencing body movement: leverage, angle of 
pull, motion gravity, balance, prescribing exer- 
cise. Term paper, motion analysis, lab assign- 
ments, daily quizzes. Permission of instructor re- 
quired. Class limit 12. 

BPE 321 Athletic Coaching 

Prof. John Mayotte 

Role of athletic coach in changing society, social- 
psychological problems inherent in coaching to- 
day, role of sports, coach, development of phi- 
losophy of coaching. Organization, develop- 
ment of sports programs, from youth leagues to 
collegiate athletics. Teaching styles, research into 
coaching effectiveness, training, conditioning, 
and sports psychology. Research summaries, re- 
ports, quizzes, major project, final exam. 

The following activities do not carry course 

BPE 121 Principles of Physical Education 

Prof. James Harley 

Historical, philosophical, scientific foundations, 
desired aims, objects of physical education as 
career; introduction to administration, curricu- 
lum. Minimum 20contact hours in local schools in 
pre-internship program to help determine if 
student is prospective physical education 
teacher. Term paper, final exam. Personal inter- 
view required. Open to upperclass students. 

BPE 123 Fitness and Skills 

Prof. James Harley 

Fitness training programs; physical fitness prob- 
lem in U.S.; introduction to as many skills as time 
permits, to promote lifetime of physical activity 
through at least one skill. Vigorous exercise pro- 
gram for entire year, individual research in specif- 
ic area. Term paper. Medical clearance required. 
Open to upperclass students. 

Red Cross Advanced First Aid and Emergency 

Wounds, specific injuries, shock; respiratory 
emergencies, drowning, resuscitation; poison- 
ing, drugs, drug abuse; burn, exposure to radia- 
tion, heat, cold; bone, joint injuries, immobiliza- 
tion, splinting; dressing, bandages; sudden ill- 
ness, emergency childbirth, extrication, emer- 
gency rescue, transfer. 40 hours. 

Red Cross Beginning Swimming 

Basic swimming strokes, skills. With sufficient 
progress. Red Cross Advanced Beginner may be 
taken in same semester, earning two certificates 
from Red Cross. 12 hours. 

Red Cross Intermediate and Swimmer Courses 

Increase endurance, versatility, perfect addition- 
al strokes, skills. Successful completion meets 
requirements for Advanced Lifesaving, Water 
Safety Instructor. Prerequisite: swimming ability 
equivalent to having passed beginning course. 
12 hours. 

Red Cross Advanced Lifesaving 

Personal safety, self rescue; swimming rescues, 
defenses, releases, escapes; search, rescue; spe- 
cial rescue, removal techniques, first aid; beach, 


Physical Education — Physics 

surf rescue, lifeguarding; small craft safety. Cer- 
tificate prerequisite for some lifeguarding jobs, 
W.S.I, course. Masks, fins, snorkel required. Pre- 
requisites: good swimmingendurance (500 yards 
continuously); marked ability in swimming 
strokes, related skills as evidenced by passing 
admissions test. 26 hours. 

Red Cross Water Safety Instructor 

Methodology of teaching swimming, water safe- 
ty, lifesaving; lesson planning, practice teaching. 
Certificate allows teaching number of Red Cross 
courses, including Advanced Lifesaving, is pre- 
requisite for camp waterfront counselor, aquatic 
director, lifeguard jobs at many municipal pools. 
Masks, fins, snorkel required. Prerequisite: Ad- 
vanced Lifesaving, Swimmer certificates or pas- 
sing equivalency test. 30 hours. 

Beginning Tennis 

Introduction to tennis, developing basic skills. 
Written, skills, form exams. 

Advanced Tennis 

Tennis beyond beginning level. Written, skills, 
form exams. Prerequisite: Beginning Tennis or 

NPH 142 Fundamental Physics II 

Prof. Harry Ellis 

Second course of elementary physics sequence: 
heat, thermodynamics, electricity, magnetism, 
elastic waves, optics. Assigned problems, exer- 
cises, lab work, major, minor quizzes. Prereq- 
uisite: NPH 141 or consent of instructor. 

NPH 241 Fundamental Physics III 

Prof. Harry Ellis 

Continuation of elementary physics sequence. 
Atomic, nuclear phenomena, elementary quan- 
tum mechanics. X-rays, solid state physics. Text: 
Wiedner and Sells, Elementary Modern Physics. 
Assigned problems, exercises, lab work, major, 
minorquizzes. Prerequisite: NPH 142 or consent 
of instructor. 

NPH 341 Classical Mechanics 

Prof. Wilbur Block 

Dynamics, systems of particles, rigid bodies; in- 
troduction to elastic media, waves, treatment of 
Lagrangian, Hamiltonian formulations of dyna- 
mics. Set of problems, final exam. Prerequisites: 
NPH 142, NMA 234 or consent of instructor. 


Forthe B.A. degree, students majoring in physics 
normally take the following courses: Fun- 
damental Physics I, II, and III, Electronics, Classi- 
cal Mechanics, Electricity and Magnetism, Quan- 
tum Physics I, Calculus I, II, III. For the B.S. de- 
gree, additional courses normally included are 
Quantum Physics II and selected advanced 
mathematics courses, along with Senior Thesis, 
and Concepts in Chemistry I and II. Students may 
arrange independent ordirected study courses in 
advanced subjects to suit their needs. 

NPH 141 Fundamental Physics I 

Prof. Wilbur Block 

Natureofphysicalworld, particle motions, elastic 
waves, heat, thermodynamics. Three course 
sequence. Fundamental Physics 1,11, III, presents 
contemporary view of concepts, in elementary 
form. Text: HallidayandResnick,Fundamentalsof 
Physics. Assigned problems, exercises, lab work, 
major, minor quizzes. Prerequisite: NMA 131 or 
permission of instructor. 

NPH 342 Electricity and Magnetism 

Prof. Harry Ellis 

Fundamental roleofMaxwell'sequations in study 
of electric, magnetic fields, AC, C)C circuits. Elec- 
tromagnetic wave theory introduced. Set of prob- 
lems, final exam. Prerequisites: NPH 142, NMA 
234 or consent of instructor. 

NPH 443 Quantum Physics I 

Prof. Harry Ellis 

Experimental results leading to formulation of 
modern quantum theory and special relativity. 
Schroedinger wave equation used to solve 
physical problems treating variety of one- 
dimensional potential functions; comparison of 
classical, quantum results. Assigned problems, 
written exam. Consent of instructor required. 


111 L Ir^i^r^Q 


Physics — Political Science 

NPH 444 Quantum Physics II 

Prof. Harry Ellis 

Continuation of Quantum Physics I. Three- 
dimensional wave equation, particular applica- 
tion to hydrogenic atoms. Identical particles in- 
troduced, emphasis on low-energy scattering. 
Assigned problems, written exam. Prerequisite: 
NPH 443 or consent ot instructor. 

NPH 499 Independent Research-Thesis 

Outstanding students majoring in physics nor- 
mally are invited to engage in active research and 
to prepare a thesis in lieu of Senior comprehen- 
sive examinations. Apparatus is available for re- 
search in low-energy ionic-atomic scattering, 
spectroscopy from infrared to ultra-violet, addi- 
tional equipment is available for studies in X-ray 
crystallography, and high vacuum techniques. 
Designed primarily for thesis students, this 
course is available to others by special permission 
of the staff. Evaluation is based on the presenta- 
tion and oral defense of the thesis. 

planets, stars observed telescopically, observa- 
tion sessions arranged. Assigned problems, exer- 
cises, written exams. 

NAS 251 (Directed Study) 
The Futures of Humanity: 
Worlds of Science Fiction Prof. Irving Foster 

Modern science fiction, its concern with the 
future of humanity, extrapolation of present 
worked into possibly pleasant, usually forbidding 
future, with science playing less dominant role, 
serving often only as key to those futures in which 
cultural, societal, even theological concerns are 
more important. Minimum 5000 pages classic, 
modern science fiction, four papers, final re- 
search paper. 

NAS 282(E) The Long Journey 

Prof. Irving Foster 

For description see Environmental Perspective. 

NAS 150 (Directed Study) The Universe 

Prof. Irving Foster 

How we perceive ourselves is partially deter- 
mined by how we perceive the physical universe 
of which we are part, in 20th century no less than 
in the past. Structure of universe, solar system, 
stars, starsystems, historical review of cosmolog- 
ical theories from ancient times to present. Six 
papers, final research paper or exam. 

NAS 151 (Directed Study) 

The World of Life Prof. Irving Foster 

Antiquity, diversity of life on earth, how it came to 
be, how it evolved into today's myriad forms, life 
as it is lived in communities. Six papers, research 
paper or final exam. 

NAS 204 Electronics 

Prof. Wilbur Block 

First principles of electronic circuit theory, basic 
operation of electroniccircuits, instruments, uti- 
lizing modern electronic techniques, instru- 
mentation. Lectures, lab, lab notebook, assigned 
problems, quizzes. 

NAS 205 Astronomy 1983 

Prof. Wilbur Block 

Solar system, its origin, stars, their evolution, 
structure, origin of universe of galaxies, con- 
stellations, our relationship to universe. Moon, 


Students majoring in political science will affiliate 
with either the Letters or the Behavioral Science 
Collegium. Both require the completion of Intro- 
duction to Comparative and International Poli- 
tics, Introduction to American National Govern- 
ment and Politics, and six additional political sci- 
ence courses of the student's own choosing, in- 
cluding at least one from each member of the 
political science faculty other than 100 level 
courses. Students are encouraged to select 
appropriate courses supporting their studies 
from related disciplines. Students majoring 
through the Behavioral Science Collegium are 
also required to complete Statistical Methods. 

BPO 101 Introduction to Political 

Behavior Prof. Anne Murphy 

Individuals, groups, processes are often deliber- 
ately "political, "affected by policial system, and/ 
or influence politics unintentionally. Linkage be- 
tween individual, voluntary groups, political sys- 
tems. Political socialization, group behavior, pat- 
terns of influence, elite studies, voting behavior, 
political communication. Three papers, three 
quizzes, final exam. 


Political Science 

BPO 215(S) Introduction to Comparative 
and International Politics 

Prof. Claud Sutcliffe 

Comparison of England, Soviet Union, China, 
Mexico, Tanzania; which structures perform 
which functions in each of these societies; 
emerging world system, its interrelated poverty, 
population, energy problems; simulation of im- 
pending world food crisis; proposal for new in- 
ternational order. Two exams (or alternative 
work, e.g. computer assignment), 10 page paper, 
take home final exam. 

LP0 221(S) Civil Liberties 

Prof. Felix Rackow 

Recent problems in civil liberty: how far can the 
liberty of the individual be limited to protect the 
liberty of others? Interplay of politics, social, eco- 
nomic conditions, the law in free speech, reli- 
gion, racial discrimination, loyalty, immigration, 
fair governmental procedure. Term paper, mid- 
term, final exams. 

LPOA/S 302(S) Justice, Law and Community 

Prof. Felix Rackow 

Persons living in social groups, state, city, family, 
need to understand "community," interrela- 
tionships of "law," "justice." Nature of law, its 
purposes and means necessary to effectuate pur- 
poses; limits of law's efficacy; relation of law to 
justice, morality; how law changes, grows histor- 
ically in different communitites. Term paper, 
midterm, final exams. 

LPO 321 The Constitution and Government 
Power Prof. Felix Rackow 

Portions of U.S. Constitution dealing with gov- 
ernmental structure, relationships, power, in- 
cluding judicial review, separation of power, 
federalism, selected powers of national govern- 
mentthrough casestudies. Opinionsof Supreme 
Court discussed for analysis, trends. Midterm, 
final exams, closed-book tests in class, open- 
book tests outside of class. Class participation ex- 
pected. May be taken independently of LPO 322. 

LPO 222(S) Introduction to American 
National Government and Politics 

Prof. Felix Rackow 

Principles, practices of our national gov- 
ernment; principles, development of Constitu- 
tion; essential features, consequences, implica- 
tions of federalism; nature, methods, functions 
of political parties, pressure groups; national 
political conventions, primaries; electoral prob- 
lems, reform; voting behavior; establishment, 
growth, functions, powers of presidency; legisla- 
tive process; judicial process; problems of civil 
liberty. Two one-hour exams, final exam. 

BPO 246 Varieties of Political Theory 

Prof. Anne Murphy 

From moral philosophy through ideology to 
empirical theory, thinkers, activists have tried to 
understand political systems, behavior. Classical 
and contemporary thinkers try to make sense of 
social policy, decision making. Tests, major 
papers on key theorist and classic problem. 
Sophomore or higher. Offered alternate years. 

BPO/MN 276 An Introduction to Public 

For description see BMN/BPO 276 under 

LPO 322 The Constitution and Individual 
Rights Prof. Felix Rackow 

Portions of U.S. Constitution dealing with rela- 
tions between individual and government, pri- 
marily Bill of Rights, Fourteenth Amendment 
through case studies. Opinions of Supreme 
Court, analysis, trends. Midterm, final exams, 
closed-book tests in class, open-book tests out- 
side class. LPO 321 not prerequisite. 

LPO 323 The American Presidency 

Prof. Felix Rackow 

The American presidency as political, constitu- 
tional office; its growth, development from 
Washington to Reagan. Selection of president; 
president's role in formulating, conducting for- 
eign policy; treaties, executive agreements; 
president as commander in chief, protector of 
peace; his relation to Congress, his party. Term 
paper, midterm, final exams. 

BPO 341 (S) Politics of Underdevelopment 

Prof. Claud Sutcliffe 

Politics of underdevelopment in Asia, Africa, 
Latin America, focusing on causes, conse- 
quences of poverty. Comparing liberal, radical 
theories of development, case study of world 
food crisis, implications for U.S. foreign policy. 
Two papers. 


Political Science — Psychology 

BPO 342 International Politics and 

World Order Prof. Claud Sutcliffe 

International politics, world order comparing 
two approaches: micropolitics (nation-state), 
macropolitics (world). Proposal for new world 
order designed to minimize large-scale collective 
violence; maximize social, economic well-being, 
fundamental human rights, conditions of politi- 
cal justice, rehabilitate; maintaining environ- 
mental quality. Two papers. Prerequisite: BPO 
215(5) or permission of instructor. 

BPO 343(S) Doing Politics: How and Why 

Prof. Anne Murphy 

Observe, participate in community political ac- 
tivities; city, county, state political figures invited 
to meet with class occasionally for informal in- 
teraction. Participation in variety of activities re- 
quired. Written reports, position papers, final 

BPO 344 U.S. Congress Prof. Anne Murphy 

Representative government focuses on legisla- 
tive politics. Democratic theory or practical poli- 
tics can be better understood by careful study of 
U.S. Congress. Political behavior, election cam- 
paigns, lawmaking, lobbying, constituency opin- 
ion. Test papers. Prerequisite: LPO 222(S) or LPO 
323. Offered alternate years. 

BPO 345 Grass Roots Politics 

Prof. Anne Murphy 

Elections as they affect Precinct 63-A, St. Peters- 
burg, Pinellas County, Congressional District #6, 
Florida. Choosing candidate, party or issue, 
working with local campaign organization, 
understanding outcome. Research, speaking, 
canvassing, organizing, reportingto class. Paper, 
journal and log of campaign activity, report, final 
exam. Offered alternate years. 

BPO 346 Political Parties in the U.S. 

Prof. Anne Murphy 

Parties still provide visible link between indi- 
vidual citizens, public policy. Theories of de- 
velopment, structure, practice, changing coali- 
tions of American political parties at national, 
state, county level. Tests, papers. Prerequisite: 
several courses in U.S. government, history, so- 
cial organization. Offered alternate years. 

BPO 348 Urban Political Systems 

Prof. Anne Murphy 

Is a city a place to live? Community? State of mind? 
Jungle? How are decisions made that enhance, 
destroy quality of life in densely populated areas? 
Forms of city government, power structure analy- 
sis (political process), intergovernmental rela- 
tions. Reports on outside reading, quizzes, 
papers, final exam. Prerequisites: Sophomoreor 
higher, two courses in related areas. 

BPO 445 American Foreign Policy 
Formation Prof. Anne Murphy 

Democratic policy process examined by close 
study of agencies, procedures for formulating, 
administering U.S. foreign policy. Reports, quiz- 
zes, term paper. Prerequisites: two courses in 
U.S. government, politics or history. 

BVS 466 Problems of the Future 

Prof. Claud Sutcliffe 

What are main characteristics of the society you 
would like to live in? What will main characteris- 
tics of typical "post-industrial "society of 2032 be? 
Will you like politics of that society? Why, why 
not? What can you do to make future more like 
kind of society you want to live in? This collo- 
quium starts with these questions; where it goes 
is up to you. Two papers: one on your view of 
future; oneon political implicationsofyourview. 


Students majoring in psychology will complete a 
common core of ten courses, normally taken in 
the following sequence: 

Freshman Year: Introduction to Psychology, 

Sophomore Year: Experimental Psychology, 
Childhood and Adoles- 
cence, Learning and Cogni- 
tion, Psychology of Con- 
JuniorYear: Clinical and Counseling, 

Personality Theory and Re- 
search, Tests and Measure- 
ments, Behavior Disorders 
Senior Year: Development of an area of 

special competence 
through advanced study, in- 
dependent research, spe- 
cial topics, advanced cours- 
es, practicum experience 
where appropriate. 



BPS 102{S) Introduction to Psychology 

Scientific study of psychological processes, be- 
havior; experimentation, correlation, observa- 
tion, how psychological knowledge is acquired, 
utilized. Theoretical approaches to human, ani- 
mal behavior based on research: learning, cogni- 
tion; biopsychology; motivation; human de- 
velopment, personalilty; abnormal behavior; so- 
cial processes. Periodic in-class exams and short 

BPS 201 Experimental Psychology 

Prof. James MacDougall 

Natureof research, experimentation in psycholo- 
gy. Research methodology, formulation of 
hypotheses, design, execution of experiments, 
analysis of data, communicating results to co- 
workers in field. Observational techniques, cor- 
relational and laboratory methods. One-hour 
quizzes, series of laboratory projects. Prereq- 
uisites: BPS 102 and statistics course. 

APS/AHR 202 Adolescent Psychology 

For description see Human Resources. 

BPS 202 Psychology of Childhood and 
Adolescence Prof. Jeff Howard 

Developmental principles, processes, research, 
theory, research methods, results, applications 
to findings in parenting, education, social policy 
decisions. Series of short reaction papers based 
on readings, research paper, four exams. Prereq- 
uisite: BPS 102 or consent of instructor. Prefer- 
ence to psychology majors. 

BPS 203 Psychology of Adulthood and Aging 

Prof. Jeff Howard 

Theory, research, issues, concerns relevant to 
psychological development. Personality, percep- 
tual, physiological, intellectual, social changes 
beyond adolescence. Series of short reaction 
papers based on readings, research paper, four 
exams. Prerequisite: BPS 102 or permission of 
instructor. Preference to psychology majors. 

BPS 205 Learning Cognition 

Prof. James MacDougall 

Principles of human learning; thinking, creativ- 
ity. These processes basic to theory, research in 
all other areas of psychology and education: 
therefore, this course appropriate for students in 
many areas besides psychology, in-class exams, 
research paper. Prerequisites: BPS 102 and BES 

BPS 206 Personality and Adjustment 

Prof. Sal Capobianco 

Understanding self by studying human behavior 
in interaction with environment. Theories of per- 
sonality, relevance to everyday living, coping 
strategies, stress, helplessness, emotions, other 
topics on adjustment. Four unit exams, topic 
paper. For non-psychology majors. 

APS/AED 207 Group Dynamics 

For description see Education. 

APS/AHR 302 Gestalt Theory and Practice 

Prof. Thomas West 

Gestalt is one of foundation stones in human 
potential movement, lending itself to therapy, 
personal growth, education, specialized coun- 
seling, self-awareness. Theoretical framework, 
how it is applied in education, therapy, personal 
growth. Term project, group demonstration, 
midterm, final exams. Prerequisite: BPS 102 or 
permission of instructor. Offered alternate years. 

BPS 302 Social Psychology 

Prof. Ted Dembroski 

Past, present concepts, theories, research in so- 
cial psychology. Methodology: experimental 
approach to understanding social forces which 
affect individual beliefs, emotions, behavior. So- 
cial influence, attitudes, persuasion, social affilia- 
tion, leadership prejudice. Natural field setting 
research. Two or three exams. Prerequisites: BPS 
102 and statistics course. 


BPS/AHR 304 Drugs and Behavior 

For description see Human Resources. 



BPS 306 Personality Theory and Research 

For psychology majors who want to study per- 
sonality in detail. Theory, research, assessment; 
trait and factor, psycho-analytic, behavioral, phe- 
nomenological theories of personality; research 
relevant to personality theories; psychological 
testing. Two or three exams. Prerequisites: BPS 

BPS 307 Psychological Tests and 
Measurements Prof. Sal Capobianco 

Principles of psychological assessment, test con- 
struction, reliability, validity, utility; basic psy- 
chological, measurement assumptions under- 
lying interviews, self-report inventories, aptitude 
tests, projective tests, behavior ratings, range of 
situation in which testing appropriate. In-class 
exams, lab projects in test construction. Prereq- 
uisites: BPS 102, BPS 306, course in statistics. 

APS/AHR 308 Introduction to Clinical and 
Counseling Psychology Prof. Linda Snow 

General perspective, overview of personality 
theory; processes of counseling/therapy, special 
areas of application. Panel presentation, role 
playing in counseling sessions, paperon topic of 
student's choice directly related to counseling or 
clinical psychology, midterm, final exams. Pre- 
requisite: one course in psychology or human 

APS/AHR 309 Behavior Disorders 

Prof. Thomas West 

Behavior judged abnormal, disordered or un- 
acceptable by society, approached from tradi- 
tional or medical, learning theory, humanistic 
growth models. For students planning careers in 
helping professions. Field trips, speakers, films. 
Term project, midterm, final exams. Prereq- 
uisites: BPS 102, APS/HR 308. Personality theory, 
psychometrics recommended. 

BPS 309 Biopsychology 

Neurological, neurophysiological principles, ap- 
plication to understanding such phenomena as 
instinct, motivation, perception, learning, 
thought, language. In-class exams, research 
paper. Of intermediate difficulty, appropriate for 
Juniors, Seniors with backgrounds in psychology 
or natural sciences. 

BPS/AED 323 Observational Methodologies 

Prof. Kathryn Watson 
For description see Education. 

APS/VS 383(S) Psychology of Consciousness 

Prof. Thomas West 

Human development has been studied primarily 
from perspective of behavior, behavior change; 
in past ten years, research, attention has been 
placed on consciousness. Theories, practices, re- 
search in normal and altered states of conscious- 
ness, especially those leading to better health and 
well being, thecreative process, spiritual, valuing 
dimensions of life. Croup, individual projects, 
journal, midterm, final exams. 

BPS 402 Research Seminar in Social 
Psychology Prof. Ted Dembroski 

Design, conduct, write original piece of research 
in social psychology; generate, criticize research 
ideas. Research project from idea inception 
through sound methodology to final publication 
form. Prerequisites: BPS 102, BPS 302 or 306, sta- 
tistics course, or consent of instructor. 

APS/HR 403 Practicum in Peer Counseling 

Prof. Linda Snow 

Developing behavioral competencies in indi- 
vidual counseling; learning and practicing skills 
in assessment, contracting, interviewing tech- 
niques, relationship-building, problem-solving 
interventions, referral methods. Providingsuper- 
vised counseling to peers, participating in role 
playing demonstrations, preparing case reports, 
assessments. Contract appropriate to student's 
developmental needs. Prerequisites: APS/AHR 
308, AH R 325 preferred, permission of instructor. 
Limit: 10 junior/Senior Human Resources or Psy- 
chology majors. 

BPS 404 History and Systems 

Provides advanced psychology students syn- 
thetic overview of history, major theoretical sys- 
tems of modern psychology. Historically recur- 
ring questions of human thought, behavior 
motivating research, theory; range of meth- 
odological, philosophical assumptions con- 
cerning human behavior underlying various 
theoretical perspectives, major theoretical sys- 
tems of twentieth century. Two exams, research 
paper. Strongly recommended for psychology 
majors, essential for graduate work in field. Pre- 
requisites: Junior, Senior standing, major prep- 
aration in psychology. 


Psychology — Religious Studies/Religious Education 

APS/AH R 405 Practicum in Group Work 

For description see Human Resources. 

APS/AED 421 Psychology for Education 

For description see Education. 

APS/BPS 499 Independent Research — 

Students majoring in psychology may elect to 
devise an independent study project with one of 
the participating faculty members. Such projects 
may be oriented toward library research and 
reading, or may involve laboratory or field re- 
search projects. Directed research leading to a 
Senior thesis is available only by invitation of the 
participating faculty member. Students planning 
to do a Senior thesis must complete a preliminary 
research proposal by April of their Junior year. 


Students majoring in religious studies must take 
the basic course, The Religious Experience, and at 
least two courses from each of the following 
areas: Biblical studies, historical and theological 
studies, philosophy of religion and ethics, and 
non-Western religions. Competency in the reli- 
gious studies major will be determined by suc- 
cessful completion of all courses and a compre- 
hensive examination or thesis. Directed and in- 
dependent study courses may be taken toward 
fulfillment of this major. 

An interdisciplinary concentration in Religious 
Education is also available. This concentration 
will entail work in three academic areas: Biblical 
and Theological studies; Psychology and Coun- 
seling studies; and Education studies. This con- 
centration should appeal especially to students 
contemplating professional careers with Church 
and Synagogue, and to students who wish to work 
as lay people in religious institutions. 

CRE/LRE 101 The Religious Experience 

Rituals, scriptures, organized congregations of 
worshipers express formal side of religious 
belief, while literature, drama, music, art, archi- 
tecture often show underlying religious motiva- 
tions indirectly. Understanding full range of reli- 
gious experience requ ires all the senses as well as 
the mind. Direct observations through field trips, 
in-class demonstrations. Reports, paper explor- 
ing and synthesizing personal religious values, 
midterm, final exams. 

LRE 103 Understanding the Bible I: 

Old Testament Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

Biblical study begins with survey of Hebrew litera- 
ture in Old Testament, sacred scripture for Jews, 
Christians. Literary analysis, historical criticism, 
theological exegesis; objective, subjective inter- 
pretation, more constructive understanding of 
Bible. Reports, quizzes, exams. Recommended 
for those planning further study of the Bible or 

LRE 104 Understanding the Bible II: 

New Testament Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

Biblical study continues with Christian literature 
in New Testament. Literary analysis, historical 
criticism, theological exegesis; objective, sub- 
jective interpretation, more constructive under- 
standing of Bible. Reports, quizzes, exams. 
Recommended for those planning further study 
ofthe Bible or Religion. Not necessary to take LRE 
103 before LRE 104. 

CRE 220(C) Life and Death in Indian 

Hindu Culture Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

Reconciling Westerners' conflicting views of In- 
dia as nation of poverty, pestilence, population, 
and as nurturing bed of world religions enticing 
secular west. Traditional and modern Indian art, 
literature, religious life, city village life; possibil- 
ity of new secular industrial culture. Individual 
projects, seminar contributions, exam. 

LRE 221 (S) Religion in America 

LRE 250 (Directed Study) Prof. Alan Carlsten 

Analyzing, evaluating beliefs, behavior, institu- 
tions of the unique style of Christianity, Judaism 
in America; the tremendous significance of reli- 
gion in the American experience. Three one-hour 
exams, paper. 

CRE/CPL 230 Philosophy of Religion 

Prof. Ashby Johnson 

Investigation of conceptual aspects of religion: 
natural and supernatural, religious experience, 
sources of religious knowledge, faith and reason, 
past and future. Term paper, midterm, final ex- 
ams. No prerequisites, although background in 
religion/philosophy valuable. Offered alternate 


Religious Studies/Religious Education 

LRE 231 Nordic Religion and the Icelandic 
Sagas Prof. Alan Carlsten 

Phenomenological method of inquiry into reli- 
gion, using ancient Nordic religion as presented, 
described in Icelandic saga literature. Myth, sym- 
bol, cult; description, analysis, evaluation of 
sagas. Reports, research paper, two one-hour 

LRE 252 (Directed Study) Introduction to the 
New Testament Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

Most important ideas, events of New Testament : 
Gospels; life, teachings of Jesus; Acts, letters of 
Paul, other letters. Book of Revelation; origins, 
principles of early Christianity. Writing assign- 
ments, final exam. Strongly recommended for 
students planning upper-level work in Bible. 

CRE 240(C) Non-Western Religions 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

Beliefs, practices, underlying values of religions 
outside Judaeo-Christian of West, providing 
basis for comparison of alternate modes of re- 
ligious expression. Cultures of Asia, Africa as 
foundation for further study in Indian, East Asian 
religions. Two short papers, three tests. 

LRE 253 (Directed Study) The Life and 
Teachings of |esus Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

Life, principal teachings of Jesus as recorded in 
Gospels of New Testament: Galilean, judean 
ministries. Sermon on the Mount, parables, 
other sayings, final days in Jerusalem. Reading 
primary sources. Writing assignments, final 

LRE 241 Christian Thought and Practice 
Through the Centuries Prof. Alan Carlsten 

Beliefs, behavior patterns, institutional structure 
of Christian church throughout twenty centuries 
of existence. Great theological debates, develop- 
ment of episcopacy, problems of church state, 
monastic movement, sixteenth century Reforma- 
tion, post Vatican I! Christendom. Three one- 
hour exams, brief paper. 

LRE 242 Archaeology and the Bible 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

Historical research through archaeology: new in- 
formation for students of the Bible, religion, his- 
tory, anthropology, ancient literature, compara- 
tive cultures. Middle East. Methods, interpreta- 
tion of data, results of some important "digs;" 
importance of such study for understanding the 
Bible. Films, slides. Written reports, final exam. 
Prerequisite: college course in Bible, or permis- 
sion of instructor. 

LRE 250 (Directed Study) Religion in America 

For description see LRE 221 Religion in America. 

LRE 251 (Directed Study) Introduction to the 
Old Testament Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

History, literature, religion of Old Testament: 
major books of Hebrew Bible (in English), Pen- 
tateuch, History, Prophets, Writings in historical 
contexts; Israelite religion, its development. 
Writingassignments, final exam. Strongly recom- 
mended for students planning upper-level work 
in Bible. 

LRE 320 Jesus of Nazareth 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

Who is jesus of Nazareth? Study of four Gospels, 
life, teachings of Jesus, Jewish, Roman sources of 
thetime, mayanswerthequestion inChristianity, 
Western culture. Seminar, with students partici- 
pating fully in discussions, presenting reports. 
Major research project. Prerequisites: upper- 
class standing, previous academic study of 

LRE 341 (S) The New Religions 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

Search for new spiritual understanding in West 
has resulted in rapid growth of "new religions," 
new ways of interpreting "old religions, "such as 
Western Zen, Transcendental Meditation, Scien- 
tology, Krishna, Consciousness, the Unification 
Church (Moonies), and others interested in 
flying saucers, astrology, and various forms of 
occultism. Examining roots of quest for new reli- 
gious consciousness. Seminar reports, research 
project, midterm, final exams. 

CRE 343(C) Religions of China and Japan 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

Confucianism, Taoism, Shinto, so-called new re- 
ligions of modern age; ways in which traditional 
views of world, humanity's place in it, nature of 
human society, proper forms of behavior are 
changing in face of modern pressures. Papers, 
two exams. 


Religious Studies/Religious Education — Resident Adviser — Russian Studies 

LRE 361 Twentieth Century Religious 
Thought Prof. Alan Carlsten 

Major religious thinkers of twentieth century, 
Gandhi, Barth, Bultmann, Tillich, Niebuhr, Ru- 
ber, Kung, Moltmann, analyzed, evaluated for 
contributions to religious thought, practice. 
Reading from primary sources. Three one-hour 
exams, final paper. 

CRE 370 The Zen Phenomenon: Its Oriental 
Roots and American Impact 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

Zen in relation to two other forms of Japanese 
Buddhism which have had significant impact in 
America: Pure Land and Nichiren. Origin, de- 
velopment in oriental context, examining nature 
of appeal to specific segments of American so- 
ciety, ways in which they challenge Chris- 
tian/secular American attitudes, values. Written 
assignments, paper or project, exam. No pre- 
requisite, but CRE 240 or CRE/CAS 243 recom- 
mended as useful background. 

CRE/VS 386(E) Religion in Tomorrow's 
Environment Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

Anticipating drastic changes in our way of life in 
the near future as population pressure, food/ 
energy shortages, natural resources depletion, 
pollution combine to shatter the dream of un- 
limited growth, progress, what will be role of 
religious values in coping with environmental 
concerns. Basic ecological facts/principles; fa- 
miliarity with variety of present-day experiments, 
points of view; planning, carrying out alternate 
life style project. Unit test, term project. 

LRE 401 Internship in Religious Education 

Supervised, field-based experience in church 
work, including programs with children, youth, 
young adults, in education, stewardship, evan- 
gelism, applying theory to practice. Supervision 
by certified religious educator, evaluation by fac- 
ulty member. Requirements: statement of learn- 
ing objectives, agreement with supervising 
church staff, minimum 150 hours on-site experi- 
ence, conferences with supervisor and evaluator, 
reports related to field experience. Permission of 
instructor required. 


ACR 305 Resident Adviser Internship 

Student Affairs Staff 

Year long course for RAs. Forty-five hours class- 
room instruction duringautumn term; bi-weekly 
meetings, monthly complex meetings, on-duty 
rotation, periodic workshops constitute in- 
service training. Community, group de- 
velopment; communication, paraprofessional 
counseling; crisis intervention, first aid; conflict 
resolution; leadership, assertiveness, cross- 
cultural training. 


See Military Science. 


The program in Russian studies integrates the 
study of the Russian language with Russian his- 
tory, Russian literature, and contemporary Soviet 
reality. Students must complete at least two years 
of college-level Russian, and finish five courses 
dealing specifically with Russia: two in Russian 
history, two in Russian literature, and one in So- 
viet Area Studies. Each student in this program 
must also choose a field of specialization within 
Russian studies (usually language, literature, his- 
tory, or social sciences) consisting of at least four 
courses in addition to those listed above. When 
appropriate these courses may be independent 
ordirected studies, colloquia, and/orthesis prep- 
aration. All students will havean oral examination 
covering their entire program, in addition to the 
comprehensive examination in a field of speciali- 
zation or a thesis. 

CRU 101/102 Elementary Russian 

Prof. Vivian Parsons 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking, read- 
ing, writing grammatical, conversational patterns 
of modern Russian, reading from simple Russian 
prose. Written exercises, exams. CRU 101 or its 
equivalent prerequisite for 102. 

CRU 201/202 Intermediate Russian 

Prof. Vivian Parsons 

Review, completion of basic Russian grammar, 
continued work on conversational skills. Written 
exercises, exams. Prerequisite: CRU 101/102. 


Russian Studies — Social Relations Perspective Courses 

CRU 301 Introduction to Russian Literature 
and Culture Prof. William Parsons 

Examination of Russian cultural heritage, survey 
of Russian literature from Pushkin to Solzhenit- 
syn. Readings, papers, lectures, films, discus- 
sions primarily in Russian. Offered alternate 

CRU 302 Daily Life in Soviet Society 

Prof. William Parsons 

Daily life of Soviet citizen: family, education, 
youth organizations, economic pursuits, mass 
media, leisure activities, etc. Project in special 
fieidof interest. Prerequisite: twoyearsof college 
Russian. Offered alternate years. 

For further courses see also History, Literature, 
Philosophy, Political Science and Cross-Cultural 


AED 202(S) Development of the 

Child in Society Prof. Molly Ransbury 

For description see Education. 

APS/VS 383(S) Psychology of Consciousness 

Prof. Ttiomas West 

For description see Psychology. 

BEC 281 (S) Principles of Microeconomics 
BEC 282(S) Principles of Macroeconomics 

BEC 283(S) The Economics of War 

Prof. Pete Parcells 

BECA/S 301(S)The Social (Economic) 
Construction of Reality 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

For descriptions see Economics. 

BPO 341(S) Politics of Underdevelopment 

Prof. Claud Sutcliffe 

BPO 343(S) Doing Politics: How and Why 

Prof. Anne Murphy 

For descriptions see Political Science. 

BPS 102(S) Introduction to Psychology 

For description see Psychology. 

BSO 223(S) Social Problems 

Prof. William Winston 

BSO 323(S) Deviance Prof. Michael Flaherty 
For descriptions see Sociology. 

CHI 102(S) Revolutions in the Modern World 

Prof. William Parsons 

LHI 201 (S) The Nature of History 

LHI 216(S) Your Family in American History 

Prof. William McKee 

LHIA^S 310(S) The American Industrial State 

Prof. William McKee 

For descriptions see History. 

LPO 221 (S) Civil Liberties Prof. Felix Rackow 

LPO 222(S) National Government and Politics 

Prof. Felix Rackow 

LPO/VS 302(S) justice. Law and Community 

Prof. Felix Rackow 

For descriptions see Political Science. 

LRE 221 (S) Religion in America 

Prof. Alan Carlsten 

LRE 341 (S) The New Religions 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

For descriptions see Religion. 

BMN/VS 367{S) Management Ethics 

Prof. Bart Tebbs 

BMN/VS 332(S) Consumer Behavior and 
Consumerism Prof. Joseph Bearson 

For descriptions see Management. 

LTR/VS 306(S) American Myths, 

American Values Prof. William McKee 

Social myths are dramatic images expressing a 
people's concept of what they are, hope to be. 
Myths in American history, literature, religion 
which shape Americans' understanding of their 
identity, history. Individual research in role of 
myth in American history, culture. Major term 
paper, final exam. 


Social Relations Perspective Courses — Sociology 

LTR/VS 307(S) Rebels with a Cause: 
Radicals, Reactionaries, and Reformers 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

Reform, radical ideology, movement in U.S. in 
nineteenth, twentieth centuries. Values as deter- 
minants of expressions of dissent; political re- 
sponsibilities; personal consequences of pro- 
test, civil disobedience. Populism, progressiv- 
ism; nationalist, civil rights, peace, feminist 
movements. Paper, short essays. 

LTR/VS 309(S) Becoming Visible: Sex, 
Gender, and American Culture 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

Changing perspectives on what it means to be 
male, female in U.S.; contemporary feminist 
movement challenging patriarchal values, stimu- 
lating dramatic changes in political, economic, 
social status of women. Historical origins, 
sources of values concerning masculinity, femi- 
ninity. Journal, final exam. 

LTRA/S 310(S) The American Industrial State 

Profs. William McKee, Clark Bouwman 

Historical development of components of the 
modern American industrial state: development 
of corporation, organized labor, changing pat- 
terns of business leadership, growth of regula- 
tory function. In historical context, value issues in 
defining roles of business, labor, government in 
democratic society; may include speculation 
about future prospects of American capitalism. 


The required courses for the sociology major are 
Introduction to Sociology, Statistical Methods, 
Research Design, and The History of Social 
Thought. In addition to these, each student 
selects six other sociology courses in consulta- 
tion with the Mentor. 

BES 260 Statistical Methods 
BES 360 Research Design 

For description see Statistics. 

BSO 101 introduction to Sociology 

Nature of society; structure, dynamics of social 
behavior, sociological methods, concepts, 
schools of thought, possibility of "science of soci- 
ety." Significant social issues and application to 
sociology as means to perceptive observation, 
effective information gathering, insightful inter- 
pretation, scientific investigation. Exams. 

BSO 220 Racial and Cultural Minorities 

Conflict, accommodation, assimilation in major- 
ity-minority relations; social, historical, cultural, 
political, economic factors involved in racism, 
prejudice, discrimination. Exams, research 

BSO 221 Juvenile Delinquency 

Prof. William Winston 

juvenile delinquency from interactionist-label- 
ing perspective, providing basis of understand- 
ing delinquency, behavior in general. Collective 
nature of human behavior (symbols, language, 
gestures in formation of social action); inter- 
action between self, others; processive, emer- 
gent nature of human interaction; importance of 
seeing reality from point of view of those engaged 
in action. Four exams, term paper. 

BSO 223(S) Social Problems 

Prof. William Winston 

Social problems as deviations from social norms: 
objective condition which can be verified by im- 
partial, trained observers; subjective definition 
as threat to values. Sociological concepts relating 
norms to development of human personality, fit- 
ting individual behaviors into social scheme, 
maintaining order so individual, group goals are 
achieved. Four exams. 

BSO 224 Introduction to Criminal Justice 

Prof. Patrick Henry 

Mainstream and critical perspectives of criminal- 
ity. Criminal justice carried through theoretical 
models of law, policies of law enforcement, prac- 
tice of administering justice, conditions of 
punishment. Topical issues included. Criminal 
recidivism, the court as bureaucratic organiza- 
tion, relationship of justice to power. Two major 



BSO/AHR 225 Introduction to Social Work 

Introduction to profession, practice of social 
work; theoretical, value bases. Optional volun- 
teer field work experience in selected social ser- 
vice agencies recommended, particularly for 
those thinking of entering social work profes- 
sion. Three exams, one term paper or three ex- 
ams, field work experience, three short, applied 
papers. Prerequisite: behavioral science intro- 
ductory course. 

BSO/LSO 321 Sociology of Industry and 
Labor Prof. Clark Bouwman 

Sociology as means of analysis of American indus- 
try as a social system. Development, rolesof man- 
agement, organized labor, government. Socio- 
logical approach to contrasting ideologies, values 
systems, methods to study formal/informal sys- 
tems, man if est and latent functions, class division 
in society, problems of industrial society. Prog- 
noses as to post-industrial society. Papers, 

BSO 322 Social Gerontology 

Prof. William Winston 

Aging, age status as determinants of social in- 
teraction, social change. Theories of aging, re- 
search on life satisfaction, adjustment to aging; 
housing, medical, economic needs of elderly; 
death, bereavement; family life. Parent-youth 
conflicts, conflicts on institutional values, life 
goal changes, value continuity. Cross cultural, 
crosstemporal comparisons. Research project on 
aging or generational conflict/continuity; two 
exams. Prerequisite: BSO 101. Other behavioral 
science courses recommended. 

BSO 323(S) Deviance Prof. Michael Flaherty 

Sociological perspectives on deviance (recog- 
nized departure from societal norms), failure of 
social control to restrain individual conduct. 
Causation, character, functions of deviance; clas- 
sical and current theories of deviance, concrete 
examples from research in crime, delinquency, 
mental illness, alcoholism, drug abuse, suicide. 
Five essay exams. Prerequisite: BSO 101 or per- 
mission of instructor. 

BSO 324 Criminology Prof. Patrick Henry 

Perspectives on criminality emphasizing social 
class, sex, race, age. Criminal law/justice policy as 
a functional mechanism of social control versus 
an oppressive tool of power. Evidence in distribu- 

tion of known crimes, speculation on impact of 
hidden crime. Two exams, one paper. 

BSO 325 Community Field Experience 

Apprenticeships (exploration into areas of stu- 
dent interest and community need) and in- 
ternships (concentrated training in area of stu- 
dent career or vocational interest) in carefully 
selected community agency areas. Contract with 
approval of instructor, field supervisor, defining 
job description, activities, responsibilities of stu- 
dent. Prerequisites: at least second semester 
Freshman standing, approval of instructor. 
Limit 20. 

BSO 326 The Family Prof. Patrick Henry 

The family unit in Western and world perspective, 
tracing family evolution over the life cycle. Rela- 
tionship of family to social structure, particularly 
in area of work. Functional,critical theories of the 
family, connections between family, labor force, 
marketplace; dual career marriage, housewifery, 
family policy issues. Two major exams, term 

BSO 350 (Directed Study) 

Complex Organizations and Bureaucracies 

Prof. Michael Flaherty 

Sociological perspectives on complex organiza- 
tions and bureaucracies, essential characteris- 
tics, basic principles. Public, private sector 
bureaucracies, impact of complex organization 
on federal government, managerial ideologies, 
human relations and Neo-Weberian models. In- 
stitutional School, environmental perspective. 
Two term papers. Prerequisite: BSO 101. 

ISO 350 (Directed Study) 

London: A Representation of British Society 

Prof. Clark Bouwman 

For description see London Offerings. 

BSO 371 Social Stratification 

Prof. Michael Flaherty 

Systems of social ranking in human societies. 
Power, prestige, privilege as related to class dif- 
ferences; classasdeterminant of group interests, 
ideology, interaction; effects of social change, 
mobility on class structure. Exams, term paper. 
Prerequisite: BSO 101 or permission of 


Sociology — Spanish 

BSO 420 Sociology of Religion 

Prof. Clark Bouwman 

Scientific study of religious institutions, theories, 
historical development, characteristics of reli- 
gious leadership, distinctiveness of religious 
groups in American society (denominations, 
sects, cults, faiths), adaptation of religious bodies 
to socially changing circumstances. Exams, 
papers. Prerequisite: BSO 101 or permission of 

BSO 426 History of Social Thought 

Theoretical foundations of modern sociology 
through examinationsof works of Montesquieu, 
Comte, Marx, Tocqueville, Durkheim, Pareto, 
Weber. Contemporary theoretical issues in func- 
tionalism, conflict theory, symbolic interaction- 
ism, exchange theory, ethnomethodology. 
Twelve two or three page papers. 

BSO 435 Social Structure and Personality 

Prof. Michael Flaherty 

Relationships between functioning of social sys- 
tem, behavior, attitudes of individuals with spe- 
cial reference to social, cultural factors in person- 
ality development, perceptual process; role be- 
havior in small group interaction. Research proj- 
ects, papers. Prerequisite: BSO101 orpermission 
of instructor. 


A student may major in Spanish by successfully 
completing eight of the following courses: In- 
termediate Spanish !, Intermediate Spanish 11, 
Survey of Spanish Literature, Survey of Spanish 
American Literature, Modern Spanish Novel, 
Latin American Novel, Modern Spanish Drama, 
Golden Age Drama, Cervantes, Advanced Com- 
position, The Artistry of Federico Garcia Lorca I, I! 
(directed study). One of the two Hispanic Area 
Studies (Latin American or Spanish) is required. 
Study abroad in the junior year is strongly 

CSP 101/102 Elementary Spanish 

Prof. Pedro Trakas 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking, writ- 
ing Spanish. Vocabulary presented through dia- 
logues, varied exercises. Speeches, independent 
lab practice. Weekly review, test based on entire 
week's work. Prerequisite for 102: 101 . 

CSP 201 Intermediate Spanish I 

Prof. Pedro Trakas 

Continuation of 101-102. Intensive grammar re- 
view with corresponding pattern drills. Weekly 
speeches on social problems, items of current 
concern. Independent lab practice weekly. All 
work in Spanish. Final written/oral exam. Prereq- 
uisite: 101-102 or equivalent, permission of 

CSP 202 Intermediate Spanish II 

Prof. Pedro Trakas 

Literature as basis for improving understanding, 
speaking, reading, writingSpanish. Bookof short 
stories, play, novel. All work in Spanish. Weekly 
tests, final exam. Prerequisite: 201 or equivalent. 

CSP 301 Survey of Spanish Literature 

Prof. Frank Figueroa 

Representative Spanish writers from all periods, 
genres of literature; one complete work; litera- 
ture as vehicle for cultural understanding. Oral, 
written exercises, literary analysis to acquire 
deeper appreciation of literature while sharpen- 
ing skills. Midterm, final exams. Prerequisite: 
third-year proficiency in Spanish. 

CSP 302 Survey of Spanish American 
Literature Prof. Frank Figueroa 

Works of Spanish American authors, one com- 
plete work, with emphasis on nineteenth, twen- 
tieth centuries. Language skills through use of 
oral, written exercises. Distinctive content, spirit 
of Spanish American literature. Midterm, final 
exams. Prerequisite: third-year proficiency in 

CSP 401 The Modern Spanish Novel 

Prof. Frank Figueroa 

Most representative novelists from Generacion 
del '98 to present. All work in Spanish. Midterm 
exam, research paper (at least 15 typewritten 
pages) on topic approved by instructor. Prereq- 
uisite: 301-302 or permission of instructor. 
Offered in alternate years. 


Spanish — Speech — Statistics and Research Design 

CSP 402 Spanish American Novel 

Prof. Frank Figueroa 

Selected works by Spanish American novelists 
following chronological order to give clear 
understanding of literary development in New 
World. Midterm exam, term paper (at least 15 
typewritten pages) on topic approved by instruc- 
tor. All work in Spanish. Prerequisite: 301-302 or 
permission of instructor. Offered in alternate 

CSP 403 Modern Spanish Dramas 

Prof. Pedro Trakas 

Works of best modern playwrights from Be- 
navente to present. Three questions, answers on 
each play weekly. All work in Spanish. Midterm, 
15-25 page term paper. Prerequisite: 301-302 or 
equivalent. Offered in alternate years. 

CSP 404 Golden Age Drama 

Prof. Pedro Trakas 

Reading, analyzing most representative plays of 
period, including works by Lope, Tirso, Calder- 
on, Alarcon, Castro, Moreto, Cervantes, Rojas 
Zorrilla, Mira de Amerscua. All work in Spanish. 
Midterm, 15-25 page term paper. Prerequisite: 
301-302 or equivalent. Offered in alternate years. 

CSP 405 Cervantes 

Prof. Pedro Trakas 

Life, works of Miguel de Cervantes, critical analy- 
sis of Don Quijote, report on one of Novelas ejam- 
plares. All work in Spanish. Midterm exam, 15-25 
page term paper. Prerequisite: 301-302orequiva- 
lent. Offered in alternate years. 

CSP 406 Advanced Spanish Conversation 

Prof. Pedro Trakas 

Developing through intensive practice in speak- 
ing, listening, highest possibledegreeof fluency, 
correct pronunciation, intonation. Topics of cur- 
rent events, lists of idioms, colloquialisms, vo- 
cabulary distinctions. Weekly talks constitute 
oral test; final oral exam. Prerequisite: 202 or its 
equivalent. Offered in alternate years. 

CSP/CLI 450/451 (Directed Study) 

The Artistry of Federico Garcia Lorca 1,11 

Prof. Pedro Trakas 

Study, analyze art forms engaged in by Lorca, 
reading his major literature. Three term papers in 
Spanish for students who have completed 202; in 
English for other students. 


LSH 222 Speech Communication 

Prof. Alan Carlsten 

Developing skills in interpersonal, group and 
public speech communication. Analysis, con- 
structive critique of performances aided by 
audio-visual equipment. Group, individual proj- 
ects. Three written assignments (25 percent of 
grade), five oral projects (50 percent), final exam 
(25 percent). 

LSH 224 Communicating in a Technological 
World Prof. Alan Carlsten 

Techniques of effective writing, public speaking 
in business, professions, sciences. Writing clear, 
precise letters, reports, lectures. Oral presenta- 
tions video-taped as aid in effective voice, 
gesture, posture patterns. Oral presentations, 
quizzes, two-hour exams. 


NMA 133 Statistics, An Introduction 

For description see Mathematics. 

BES 260 Statistical Methods 

Principles of descriptive and inferential statistics, 
including probability, measures of central 
tendency and variability, graphing, bivariate 
correlation and regression, t-test, andchi square. 
Intended to develop intuitive understanding of 
basic concepts and ability to apply techniques in 
real life situations. No background assumed be- 
yond high school algebra. Required for behav- 
ioral science students, satisfies all-college com- 
putational skills requirement. Credit not given for 
both this course and NMA 133; credit given for 
one of the two only. 



statistics and Research Design — Swedish — Theatre 

BES 360 Research Design 

Purpose of research is to discover answers to 
questions through application of scientific proce- 
dures developed to increase likelihood that inf or- 
nnation gathered will be as relevant, reliable, un- 
biased as possible. Principles of scientific method 
as they apply to social sciences; elementary com- 
mand of techniques used in modern research. 
Assignments, two tests, final exam. Prerequisite: 
introductory behavioral science course, sta- 


LSW 150/151 (Directed Study) Swedish I, II 

Prof. Alan Carlsten 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking, read- 
ing, writing Swedish. Forty - lesson taped Swed- 
ish government program. Radio Sweden taped 
program, texts. Quizzes, final written/oral exam. 

LSW 250, 251 (Directed Study) Swedish II, III 

Prof. Alan Carlsten 

Advanced Swedish grammar, writing: drill in 
understanding, speaking. Short stories provide 
skill in reading; Radio Sweden taped broadcasts. 
Quizzes, final written/oral exam. Prerequisite: 
LSW 150. 

LSW 350, 351 (Directed Study) Swedish III, IV 

Prof. Alan Carlsten 

Intensive study of Swedish literary figures. Lager- 
lof, Strindberg, Lagerkvist, Bergman; Stock- 
holm's Dagens Nyheter (Sunday edition) read in 
Swedish. Conversation, writing skills. Papers, 
exam. Prerequisite: LSW 250. 


TheTheatre program at Eckerd has two important 
functions: to provide the serious and talented 
theatre student with the theoretical, historical 
and practical fundamentals of the field; and to 
serve as a cultural resource for the college and 
community. Therefore, anyone is encouraged to 
join the department's creative efforts onstage 
and backstage whether student, staff or towns- 
person. The academic requirements for Theatre 
majors are 12 courses in the area which will in- 
clude the following core program: The Human 
Instrument, Basic Acting Technique, Stagecraft, 
Theatre Projects (two semesters). History of 
Theatre (two semesters). Seminar in Theatre: 

Realities. Each student is expected to concentrate 
on a major creative work as a Senior project. Some 
time should be spent away from campus on an 
apprenticeship in study at a major theatre center 
(generally London), or on a special summer prog- 
ram of participation in the performance arts. The 
Palisades Theatre Company, a touring ensemble 
specializing in work with young people, is based 
in St. Petersburg and provides professional re- 
sources for the Theatre program. 

ACR 201(A) Triartic Aesthetics or 
Understanding the Arts 

Profs. Richard Rice, Arthur Skinner 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective. 

ATH 101 The Human Instrument: Body and 
Voice as a Means of Expression 

Acting, simply defined, is transforming ideas, 
feelings the actor has about a character in a play 
into movements, vocal qualities; the means of 
expression, or instrument, is the actor's own 
body, voice. Experience, aids in transformational 
process through physical, vocal exercises, crea- 
tive projects, exploration. 

ATH 102(A) The Living Theatre 

Overview of theatre arts; practical, aesthetic con- 
sideration of various areas of theatrical produc- 
tion : performance, theatre technology. Class cri- 
tiques of dramatic productions on campus. Prac- 
tical application: short scenes in class, participa- 
tion onstage and/or backstage in Lunchbox 
Theatre Series. Papers, two or more theatrical 
projects (acting, directing, designing), two 

ATH 261 Stagecraft 

General principles, procedures for constructing 
the stage picture. Crafts, techniques of set, prop- 
erty construction, scene painting, stage lighting. 
Vocabulary of the stage, projects involving gener- 
al scenic problems. Field trips to professional 
scene shops in area. 



ATH 262 Theatre and the Mass Media 

Prof. Richard Rice 

Viewing, discussing theatrical, filmic, videotaped 
performances. Basic characteristics of each, ex- 
tent of their interdependence, particular prob- 
lems of adaptation from one form to another. 
Papers, exam. Class project: video tape of a 

ATH 263 Basic Acting Technique 

Use, development of basic tools of actor through 
discussion, practice: theatre games, improvisa- 
tions, acting exercises. Development of acting 
tools: stage "presence", senses, memory, 
memories, powers of observation, imagination, 
responsiveness to sensory stimuli. Preparing, 
presenting several scenes from major plays. 
Weekly actor's journal. 

ATH 266 Theatre Projects 

Experience in performance, production under 
supervision of theatre faculty, staff in lab situa- 
tions. Credit depends on completion of three 
units chosen from following. Production labs: 
publicity, costumes, lights, sound, scenery, 
props, makeup, house management. Perform- 
ance labs: audition repertory, touring, lunchbox 
theatre, premiere series, classic series, stage 
management, choreography. Lab sections week- 
ly for one-hour prep or critique session; may be 
repeated for credit. 

Overview of drama, not as isolated art form but as 
reflection of particular society at particular time. 
Selected scenes, period acting styles. Research, 
papers, final project. Offered alternate years. 

ATH 364 History of Theatre: Modern 

Prof. Ricfiard Rice 

Modern theatre as social and artistic institution. 
Theatrical trends from Ibsen, Strindberg to pres- 
ent day. Videotaped examples, scenes per- 
formed by class chosen from assigned plays. Re- 
search, papers, final project. Offered alternate 

ATH 367 Theatre Internship 

Supervised work in college, community, profes- 
sional theatre productions on internship basis. 
Advanced students may audition for overseas 
touring program. One to four course credits, de- 
pending on amount of time, responsibility in- 
volved. Production journal, assessment by off- 
campus supervisor, final written report. Permis- 
sion of Theatre Mentor required. 

ATH 376 Dance II 

For students with some experience, and for stu- 
dents interested in special projects in choreogra- 
phy, dance performance. May be repeated for 
credit. Permission of instructor required. Limit 
18. Offered alternate years. 

ATH 267 Musical Theatre Workshop 

History, performance technique of the musical, 
America's unique contribution to theatrical arts. 
Derivation, stylistic development of form; artistic 
aspects of performance through lab production 
of scenes. Reports. May be repeated for credit. 
Offered alternate years. 

ATH 276 Dance I 

Dance as performing art; relationship of dance, 
theatre; dance in musical theatre. Basic tech- 
niques of jazz, modern dance, ballet. Partici- 
pation in various dance projects, including 
semester dance concert. Limit 18. 

ATH 363 History of Theatre: Classic 

Prof. Richard Rice 

Shaping forces, theatrical forms in Western civi- 
lization from Greek Golden Age to Romanticism. 
Survey of dramatic literature, production styles. 

ATH 377 Choreography 

Principles, techniques for creative dance com- 
position. Traditional combinations in classical 
ballet, modern, jazz styles, tap, ethnic patterns. 
Advanced students assigned as choreographers 
to major production. Research, experimentation 
in campus recitals, production involvement, final 
project. May be repeated forcredit. Offered alter- 
nate years. 

ATH 461 /AVS 481 Seminar in Theatre: 
Theory and Value Prof. Richard Rice 

Reality, illusion, roleplaying, stereotypes, tragic/ 
comic, scripting, motivation as terms in theatrical 
practice and in everyday life, in search for under- 
standing of human behavior, values. Master- 
pieces of dramatic literature reveal why their 
treatment of human concfition enhances our 
values systems. Research, panel discussion 
leadership, papers, final project. Offered alter- 
nate years. 


Theatre — Values Sequence CoIIoquia: Behavioral Science, Creative Arts 

ATH 462 Seminar in Theatre: Realities 

Prof. Richard Rice 

Vocational/avocational options, alternatives in 
field of theatre. Contracts, auditions, unions, 
non-Broadway career options, starting a theatre, 
graduate school, etc. Audition repertory, port- 
folio, production records, videotapes. Guest lec- 
turers when available. Panel discussion lead- 
ership, research, final project. Offered alternate 

ITH 365 Theatre in London 

For description see London Offerings. 


Behavioral Science Collegium 

ATH 463 Scripting and Staging 
Non-Dramatic Literature 

Not everything on stage is a play. Non-dramatic 
literature can be staged dynamically and still re- 
tain elements of "story-telling" through narrative 
theater. Scripting, staging prose, poetry. Daily 
discussions, readings, developing performable 
scripts from literary sources. Paper will accom- 
pany each finished script describing student's 
understanding of point of view, style, use of nar- 
rator, suggestions for staging. 

ATH 466 Advanced Acting Styles 

Greek, Roman, Medieval, Commedia, Shakes- 
pearean, Restoration, Naturalism and Modern 
acting styles, movement, timing, language, rhy- 
thm. Daily scene work, research in each period, 
play readings, final performance in each style. 
Final exam includes comparative performances in 
several styles. Prerequisite: ATH 263 or permis- 
sion of instructor. 

ATH 470 Scenography Prof. Richard Rice 

Total production design: coordination of all 
aspects of costume, scenery, lighting into whole 
production. Basic design elements, concepts; 
techniques of scenic rendering, construction. 
Advanced students selected to design season 
productions. May be repeated for credit. 

ATH 472 Directing Prof. Richard Rice 

Study and practice theories, techniques of direct- 
ing plays: director's analysis of play, rehearsal, 
organizational procedures from script to produc- 
tion. Production ofclass provide menu for Lunch- 
box Theatre Series. Reports. Maybe repeated for 
credit; those repeating may experiment with 
original plays, chamber theatre, period styles. 

BVS/EC 301 (S) The Social (Economic) 
Construction of Reality 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

For description see Sociology. 

BVS/MN 332(S) Consumer Behavior and 
Consumerism Prof. Joseph Bearson 

For description see Management. 

BVS 335 Nuclear War Prof. Tom Oberhofer 

BVS 383 Economic Development of the U.S. 

Prof. Pete Parcells 

For descriptions see Economics. 

BVS 362 Business and Society 

Prof. Robert Lyon 

BVS/MN 367(S) Management Ethics: 
Theory and Practice Prof. Bart Tebbs 

For descriptions see Management. 

BVS 466 Problems of the Future 

Prof. Claud Sutcliffe 

For description see Political Science. 

Creative Arts Collegium 

AVS/ACR 202(A) Literature and Vocation 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective. 

AVS 360 Values in Contemporary 

British Poetry Prof. Peter Meinke 

For description see Literature. 


Values Sequence Colloquia: Creative Arts, ComparatlveCultures, International Education 

AVS 361 The Spy in Literature AVS/TH 461 Seminar in Theater: 

Prof. Peter Meinke Theory and Values Prof. Richard Rice 

For description see Literature. For description see Theatre. 

AVS 362 Creative Listening 

Prof. William Waters 

AVS 363 Music and Values 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

For descriptions see Music. 

AVS 484 Issues in Education 

Prof. Richard Bredenberg 

For description see Education. 

Comparative Cultures Collegium 

AVS 364 The School: 

Locus of Culture and Change 

Prof. Kathryn Watson 

For description see Education. 

AVS 365 Explorations in Human Nurturance 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

AVS 380 The Goddess in Literature 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

AVS 382 Poetry and Values in Contemporary 
America Prof. Peter Meinke 

For descriptions see Literature. 

AVS/PS 383(S) Psychology of Consciousness 

Prof. Thomas West 

For description see Psychology. 

AVS 384 Twentieth Century American Women 
in the Arts Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

AVS 385 Values in Modern British and 
American Poetry 

For descriptions see Literature. 

AVS 386 Ethical Issues and the Helping 
Professions Prof. Sarah Dean 

For description see Human Resources. 

AVS 388 The Art Experience 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

For description see Art. 

CVS 382 One World Prof. William Parsons 
For description see History. 

CVS/AN 383(A) Primitive and Folk Art 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

CVS/AN 385(C) The Cultural Environment 
of International Business 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

CVS/RE 386(E) Religion in Tomorrow's 
Environment Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

For description see Religion. 

CVS/CCU 388(C) The Sino-Soviet Conflict 

Profs. William Parsons, Hendrick Serrie 
For description see Cross-Cultural Perspective. 

CVS 483 Culture from the Inside Out 

Prof. Dudley DeCroot 

For description see Anthropology. 

International Education 

IVS/INT 2/379(C) Florence Seminar 
For description see Italy Offerings. 

IVS/INT 289(C) London Colloquium 

For description see London Offerings. 

AVS 389 Leisure Services Concepts 

Prof. Claire Stiles 

For description see Leisure and Recreation. 


Values Sequence Colloquia: Letters, Natural Sciences 

Letters Collegium 

Natural Sciences Collegium 

LVS 201 Western Civilization 

For description see History. 

LVS/PO 302(S) Justice, Law and Community 

Prof. Felix Rackow 

For description see Political Science. 

LVS/LTR 303(E) The Scientific Revolution and 
Human Values Prof. Peter Pav 

LVS/LTR 304(E) Science, Technology and 
Human Values Prof. Peter Pav 

For descriptions see Environmental Perspective. 

LVS/LTR 306(S) 

American Myths, American Values 

Prof. William McKee 

LVS/LTR 307(S) Rebels with a Cause: 
Radicals, Reactionaries, and Reformers 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

For descriptions see Social Relations Perspective. 

LVS/LTR 308(A) Experience, Values 

and Criticism Prof. Keith Irwin 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective. 

LVS/LTR 309(S) Becoming Visible: 
Sex, Gender and American Culture 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

LVS/LTR 310(S) The American Industrial State 

Profs. Clark Bouwman, William McKee 

For descriptions see Social Relations Perspective. 

NVS/NAS 281 (E) Environmental Chemistry 
and Society Prof. Alan Soli 

NVS/NAS 382(E) Man and the Ocean 
Environment Prof. John Ferguson 

NVS/NAS 383(E) Ecology, Evolution and 
Natural Resources Prof. Sheila Hanes 

NVS/NAS 385(E) Marine Mammals: 
Their Biology and Interactions with Man 

Prof. John Reynolds 

For descriptions see Environmental Perspective. 

NVS 484 Toward the Year 2000 

Prof. Richard Neithamer 

For description see Chemistry. 


See Art. 


See Foundations Courses. 


See page 83. 


See Creative Writing. 

LVS/LI 311(A) Literary Themes: 
Literature as Human Experience 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

LVS/LI 325(A) Men and Women Together: 
Examining our Literary Heritage 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

For descriptions see Literature. 


Autumn Term Projects — Winter Term Projects 


Foundations Collegium 

Autumn term ( August 13-September 4 in 1982) is a 
three-week introduction to college life for Fresh- 
men, consisting of one academic project, plus 
orientation, testing, and registration. New stu- 
dents choose from among fifteen or more 
courses offered by the professors who thus be- 
come their Mentors (advisors) and their Founda- 
tions instructors for the Freshman year. Typical 
autumn term offerings in recent years have in- 
cluded Fantasy Workshop, Our Ethnic Heritage, 
Power in American Society, Medicinal Chemis- 
try: From Potions to Pharmaceuticals, Casual and 
Contractual Human Relationships, and Roots of 
Ritual. See the autumn term brochure available 
from Foundations or Admissions. 

FDN 1 Living in the USA (Especially for 
International Students) 

Profs. Carolyn Johnston, Dudley DeCroot 

Introduction to living in the U.S. and Florida, 
analyzing everyday problems, college living, 
comparative customs, systems, attitudes. Amer- 
ican literature, health care, police matters, 
sports, working, education, religion, politics, im- 
proving language skills. Resource people, field 
trips. Dailyjournal, analytical papers, final project 
reflecting autumn term experiences. 




Neither regular semester nor directed study 
courses are taken as winter term projects. Off- 
campus independent study projects may be 
taken only by students above Freshman standing 
for whom the off-campus location is essential to 
the nature of the project itself. 

Descriptions of winter term projects are pub- 
lished in a separate catalog, available about June 1 
of each year. The winter term catalog contains 
complete information on registration and other 
procedures related to winter term. Additions and 
corrections to the winter term projects listing are 
published early in the fall semester. 

As an indication of the range of educational 
opportunities available through Eckerd College 
during the winter term, the following is a list of 
project titles offered in the past. 

On Campus: Theatre Production; Clay Work- 
shop: Raku Technique; Project in Elementary 
Education Methods; Flags and Banners: Fiber 
Art; Women in Sport; Music in the Twenty-First 
Century; Image of Imprisonment in Recent 
American Writing; Subcultures and Deviance; 
Psychology and Medicine; Operation Enterprise 
(American Management Association);Manage- 

ment in the Year 2,000; Human Ecology; The 
Energy Problem: Now and the Future; Simple 
Living; The Economics of Public Issues; Speak- 
ing Russian; Developing Expository Writing; Im- 
ages of Women in French Literature; The South 
in American History; The Art of Biography; Uto- 
pian Technology and Anarchy; Varieties of 
Socialism Since Marx; The New Religions; Per- 
spectives on Violence; Florida's Exotic Plant Life; 
The Basics of Color Photography; Mathematical 
Modeling; Computer Project; Really Close En- 
counters; Chemistry, the Environment and the 

Off-Campus: Music in England; The Lively Arts in 
London; The Economic Effect of Management, 
Government, Labor Unions on Technology, 
Trade and Productivity in Great Britain; Roots: 
Novelists on Their Home Ground; English Cul- 
tural Heritage; Social Issues in Contemporary 
Britain; English Science Fiction and Fantasy; 
International Banking in the Caribbean (Cayman 
islands) ; The Dry Tortugas Expedition on the Brig 
Unicorn; The Art and Architecture of Renais- 
sance Florence and Venice; Mexico: Language 
and/or Culture; Shapes of the Land of Enchant- 
ment (New Mexico). 




At Eckerd, learning and standards are not viewed 
as restricted to the classroom. The college cher- 
ishes the freedom that students experience in the 
college community and in the choices they make 
concerning their own personal growth. At the 
same time, each student, as a memberof a Chris- 
tian community of learners, is expected to contri- 
bute to this community and to accept and live by 
its values and standards: commitment to truth 
and excellence; devotion to knowledge and 
understanding; sensitivitytothe rightsand needs 

of others; belief in the inherent worth of all hu- 
man beings and respect for human differences; 
contempt for dishonesty, prejudice and destruc- 
tiveness. Just as Eckerd intends that its students 
shall be competent givers throughout their lives, it 
expects that giving shall be the hallmark of be- 
havior and relationships in college life. Just as 
Eckerd seeks to provide each student with oppor- 
tunities for learning and excellence, each student 
is expected to play a significant part in the vitality 
and integrity of the college community. 



St. Petersburg is a vibrant city in its own right, and 
St. Petersburg, Tampa, and Clearwater together 
form a metropolitan area of over one million peo- 
ple with all the services and cultural facilities of 
any area this size. 

St. Petersburg and nearby cities offer art 
museums, symphony orchestras, and profes- 
sional theatre, in addition to road show engage- 
ments of Broadway plays, rock bands, circuses, 
ice shows, and other attractions for a full range of 

The St. Louis Cardinals and the New York Mets 
baseball teams maintain headquarters in St. 
Petersburg for spring training, and there are ma- 
jor golf and tennis tournaments in the area. Pro- 
fessional football fans can follow the Tampa Bay 
Buccaneers, and professional soccer fans, the 
Tampa Bay Rowdies. 

Southern Ocean Racing Conference sailing races 
are held every year, as well as many regattas for 
sail and power boats. Fine public beaches on the 
Gulf of Mexico are with in bicycling distance of the 
Eckerd College campus, as are public golf 


Situated in a suburban area at the southwest tip of 
the peninsula on which St. Petersburg is located, 
Eckerd's campus is large and uncrowded — 267 
acres with over IVa miles of waterfront on Boca 
Ciega Bay and Frenchman's Creek. There are 
three small lakes on the campus, and the chapel is 
on an island in one of them. The 64 air- 
conditioned buildings were planned to provide a 
comfortable environment for learning in the Flor- 
ida climate. Professors and students frequently 
forsake their classrooms and gather outdoors in 
the sunshine or under a pine tree's shade. Out- 
door activities are possible all year; cooler days 
during the winter are not usually severe. 


Eckerd College has seven residential complexes, 
each consisting of four houses that accommodate 
34-36 students. Most of the student residences 
overlook the water. Each house has a student 
Resident Adviser who is available for basic 
academicorpersonal counselingand isgenerally 
responsible for the house operation. Residence 
houses are self-governed. 

A number of houses are all-male or all-female, 
while others have men on one floor and women 
ontheother. Freshman students may be assigned 
to this arrangement as space is available when 
parental acknowledgment is received. Students 
under 23 years of age are required to live in cam- 
pus residences and participate in the col lege food 
service program. 

Social regulations and policies governing be- 
havioral expectations are listed in The Eck Book, 
the student handbook. All students are referred 
to this book for information in this area. 


Activities, projects, and programs developed and 
financed in the student sector are managed by the 
Eckerd College Organization of Students (ECOS), 
whose membership consists of all matriculating 
students, full and part-time, at Eckerd. Each year, 
ECOS is responsible for the allocation of student 
fees for extra-curricular activities. 




Eckerd believes that student life should be as full 
and rich as possible, both in the classroom and 
outside it. We provide a broad range of campus 
activities — and if you cannot find something that 
suits your interests, we encourage you to start a 
new group of your own. Your free time can be as 
interesting as you want to make it. 


The College Center serves as the hub for re- 
creational and social activities. The facilities in- 
clude a snack bar, gameroom, conversation 
lounge, seven foot television, and Pub. The Col- 
lege Center provides the opportunity for student 
directed programs and committees to develop 
activities and services for the Eckerd community. 


The Student Activities Board sponsors movies, 
coffee house programs, dances, and concerts 
featuring local and nationally known artists, and 
is a co-sponsor of the annual Black Symposium 
and Black History Week. Films on topics pertain- 
ingtotheacademic program are shown regularly. 

The music, art, and theatre disciplines sponsor a 
number of events throughout the year. There are 
student and faculty recitals, programs from the 
concert choir and chamber ensemble, exhibi- 
tions by student and faculty artists, dance per- 
formances, and a series of plays produced by the 
theatre workshops. 


Publications are funded by the Student Associa- 
tion and fully controlled by the students them- 
selves. Student media includeWECR, the campus 
radio station; Thimblerig, the student news- 
paper; Within the Wheels, a literary magazine 
featuring art work, prose, and poetry by members 
of the entire campus community; a yearbook; 
and The Eck Book, the student handbook. 


At Eckerd, if there is enough student interest to 
form a club or honorary society, one is formed. 
Organizations which have been established in- 
clude Afro-American Society, Association for 
Women Students, Choir, College Bowl Society, 
Day Students, Folk Dancers, International Stu- 
dents, Literary Magazine, Management Society, 
Rowing Club, Camping Club, Triton Sailing Asso- 
ciation and Sailing Team, and Water Ski Club. 


The College Chaplain directs the Campus Minis- 
try Program, a joint effort of students, faculty and 
staff. The program provides religious activities in 
a Christian context and assists individuals and 
groups of other religious persuasions to arrange 
their own activities. Worship services, special 
speakers and emphasis weeks, small group stu- 
dies, service projects and fellowship activities are 
provided through the program. The Chaplain 
serves as minister to students, faculty and staff, is 
available for counseling or consultation, and 
works closely with the Student Affairs staff to 
enhance the quality of campus life. 

Regardless of your background, you are encour- 
aged to explore matters of faith and commitment 
as an integral part of your educational experi- 
ence. We believe that personal growth and com- 
munity life are significantly strengthened by en- 
counterwith the claims of the Christian faith and 
the values of the Judaeo-Christian tradition. 


Eckerd's waterfront program, one of the largest 
collegiate watersports programs in the South- 
eastern U.S., is one of the most exciting re- 
creational opportunities on the campus. The fa- 
cilities, located on Frenchman's Creek, include 
boathouse, support buildings, docks, ramp 
hoist, fishing equipment, camping equipment, 
water skiing equipment and a fleet of over 50 
boats, including canoes, sailboats, power boats 
and a special ski boat. If you own a boat, you can 
arrange to store or dock it here. 

The Eckerd College Search and Rescue Team, 
EC-SAR, is a volunteer student group that con- 
ducts maritime search and rescue operations in 
the Tampa Bay area. The team has three primary 
units, the SAR unit which operates the team's five 
surface vessels, a communications unit and an 
underwater search and recovery unit. Working 
closely with the U.S. CoastGuard and many local 
and state agencies, members give a high level 
dedication, skill and commitment to public ser- 
vice and have received many national and local 
awards and commendations. 

Teams, clubs and instruction are offered in all 
areasofwatersports,includingsailing, canoeing, 
rowing, scuba diving, water skiing, fishing and 
powerboating. The Triton Sailing Team, a mem- 
ber of the Southeastern Intercollegiate Sailing 
Association, is an opportunity for those sailors 
interested in intercollegiate competition. 



There will be times during your college career 
when you will want advice. For academic advice 
the place to start is with your Mentor orwith any of 
your professors. You are welcome to seek the 
counsel of any administrator in Student Affairs or 
elsewhere. The Counseling Center provides both 
individual and group counseling for students 
who are experiencing personal problems or 
would liketoimprovetheirlevelof personal well- 
being. Counseling may provide support for indi- 
vidual growth, improving skills in handling rela- 
tionships, and exploring stress management 
techniques. The Counseling Center is staffed 
with a psychologist capable of skilled listening, 
understanding and assistance. For further clar- 
ification of counseling services, please refer to 
The Eck Book. 


Eckerd's medical service is directed by a physician 
who is at the Health Center two hours every Mon- 
day through Friday. A registered nurse is on duty 
8 a.m. to midnight, Monday through Friday. 
Medicines may be purchased for minimal fees. 
Brief stays in the Health Center may be arranged 
for minor illness; otherwise community hospitals 
are used. The college notifies parents when com- 
munity hospitalization is necessary. 

All students must file an official health form as 
part of the admissions procedure. Treatment in 
the Health Center may not be available until this 
form is received. Health insurance is provided for 
all students and is included in the total compre- 
hensive fee. The student health policy includes 
maximum coverage of $3,000 for accidents only 
(which must be reported within twenty days of 
the accident). It also includes coverage for a $35 
medical consultant fee when ordered by the col- 
lege physician. The policy covered by total com- 
prehensive fees is for nine months only. Optional 
summer coverage may be purchased for $5 addi- 
tional, paid by the student. An optional coverage 
for sickness may be obtained by paying an addi- 
tional fee. 


As evidence of its active commitment to recruit 
and encourage minority students, Eckerd sup- 
ports a number of programs in this field. Special 
weekend visits to the campus give minority stu- 
dents who are considering Eckerd College a 
chance to view the col lege, visit the faculty, live in 
the dorms, and talk with other students. 

The Afro-American Society helps plan a full range 
of programs for its members and the campus 
community, including Black History Month and 
the Black Symposium. The office of Minority Stu- 
dent Affairs is available to provide assistance for 
any special needs of minority students. 


Students who are married, are over 22 years of 
age, or who live with their family are provided 
with campus post office boxes to receive com- 
munications. Opportunities for participation in 
campus sports, activities, cultural events, and 
student government (ECOS), are available to day 
students. All cars, motorcycles, and bicycles are 
registered by the Physical Plant staff. 



Eckerd College is a member of the National Col- 
legiate Athletic Association and the Association 
for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women. Men 
play a full intercollegiate schedule in baseball, 
basketball, cross country, golf, soccer and tennis. 
Women's intercollegiate sports include basket- 
ball, Softball, tennis, and volleyball. The col lege is 
a member of the Sunshine State Conference, and 
both men and women play NCAA and Al AW Divi- 
sion II competition. 

Intramural sports are organized as competition 
among houses. Day students compete with 
house teams. All students are eligible to partici- 
pate in the wide range of intramural activities, 
which include football, softball, soccer, vol- 
leyball, basketball, tennis, billiards, table tennis, 
street hockey, bowling and chess. In addition, 
sports clubs may be organized around swim- 
ming, sailing, and canoeing. The McArthur 
Physical Education Center houses locker rooms. 
Physical Education faculty offices, two basketball 
courts, a weight room, four badminton courts, 
and three volleyball courts. The campus also has 
tennis courts, a swimming pool, and acres of 
open space where you can practice your golf 

At Eckerd College a student may benefit not only 
from traditional competitive team sports and in- 
tramural programs, but from other recreational 
pursuits ranging from waterfront activities and 
personal fitness programs through tai chi chaun 
and New Games. 

Eckerd College seeks academically qualified stu- 
dents of various backgrounds, national and 
ethnic origins. Further, we seek students who 
show evidence of being competent "givers" and 
who therefore show promise for making positive 
contributions to fellow members of the Eckerd 
College community. When you apply, we will 
look at your academic performance in liberal arts 
courses (mathematics, science, social studies, 
language and literature, creative arts). We will 
also consider your performance on the college 
entrance examinations (ACT or SAT). Students 
whose native language is not English can choose 
to replace the ACT or SAT with the TOEFL ex- 
amination. Achievement tests are not required 
but are highly recommended. Your potential for 
personal and academic development is impor- 
tantand inthis respectwewill look closely at your 
personal essay, record of activities and recom- 
mendations from your counselors or teachers. 
Admissions decisions are made by the Admis- 
sions and Scholarship Committee which includes 
faculty and students. Decisions are made on a 
rolling basis beginning in October and con- 
tinuing through the academic year for the follow- 
ing fall. Students considering mid-year admission 
for either winter term (January) or spring semes- 
ter (February) are advised to complete applica- 
tion procedures by December 1. Applicants for 
fall entry should complete procedures by April 1 . 


High school Juniors and Seniors considering 
Eckerd College should have taken a college pre- 
paratory curriculum. Our preference is for stu- 
dents who have taken four units of English, three 
or more units each of mathematics, sciences and 
social studies, and at least two units of a foreign 
language. Although no single criterion is used as a 
determinant for acceptance and we have no auto- 
matic "cutoff" points, the great majority of stu- 
dents who gain admission to Eckerd College have 
a high school average of B or better in their col- 
lege preparatory courses and have scored in the 
top 30 percent of college-bound students taking 
the ACT or SAT. 




1. Request application forms in Junior year or 
early in Senior year from Dean of Admissions. 

2. Complete and return your application to the 
Dean of Admissions, with an application fee of 
$15 (non-refundable) at least two months prior to 
the desired entrance date. Students who are 
financially unable to pay the $15 application fee 
will have the fee waived upon request. 

3. Request the guidance department of the 
secondary school from which you will be gradu- 
ated to send an academic transcript and personal 
recommendation to: Dean of Admissions, 
Eckerd College, Box12560, St. Petersburg, Florida 

4. Arrange to take the Scholastic Aptitude Test, 
offered by the College Entrance Examination 
Board or the ACT Test Battery, offered by the 
American College Testing Program. Take your 
test in spring of Junior year or early fall of Senior 


Eckerd College welcomes students from other 
fully accredited colleges, universities, juniorand 
community colleges. Applicants are expected to 
be in good standing at the institution last attended 
and eligible to return to that institution. 


1. Complete and return application form to the 
Dean of Admissionswith an application feeof $15 
(non-refundable) at leasttwo months priortothe 
desired entrance date (see calendar for various 
entry points). 

2. Request that official col lege transcripts be sent 
to us from every college or university you have 

3. Send us record of college entrance exams (SAT 
or ACT). 

4. Requesta letterof recommendation from one 
of your college professors. This may be waived 
upon request for students who have been out of 
college for several years. 

5. If you have been out of high school for less 
than two years, we will need a copy of your high 
school transcript. 


After you have been accepted for admission your 
transcript will be forwarded to the College Reg- 
istrar for credit evaluation. All transfer students 
receiving the Associate in Arts degree from a re- 
gionally accredited college will be admitted with 
Junior standing at Eckerd. 

AppI icants who haveearned credits morethan five 
years ago, or whose earlier academic records are 
unavailable or unusual are requested to direct 
special inquiry to the Admissions Office. 

The transfer of credit from other accredited col- 
leges and universities depends upon the compa- 
rability of the courses taken to those offered at 
Eckerd College and the approval of the academic 
discipline concerned. In general, courses in the 
liberal arts are transferable. Grades below C are 
not acceptable for transfer. 


All students who have been accepted for admis- 
sion are asked to deposit a $100 acceptance fee, 
within thirty days of acceptance or within thirty 
days of a financial aid award. This fee is refund- 
able until May 1 for fall applicants and until De- 
cember 1 for winter term and spring semester 
applicants. Students who are accepted after 
November 15 for mid-year entry or after April 15 
for fall entry will be expected to reply within fif- 
teen days of acceptance with a $100 non- 
refundable fee. The acceptance fee is applied 
toward tuition costs and credited to the student's 
account. Again, accepted applicants may await 
receipt of a financial aid award before making the 
acceptance deposit. 

A Student Information Form and a Health Form 
are sent to all accepted students. The Student 
Information Form should be returned within two 
weeks of acceptance or should accompany the 
acceptance fee. This form enables us to begin 
planning for needs of the entering class of re- 
sidential and commuting students. 

The Health Form should be completed by your 
personal physician and forwarded to the Admis- 
sions Office prior to the enrollment date. 


Students who have not completed a high school 
program but who have taken the General Educa- 
tion Development (GED) examinations may be 
considered for admission. In addition to submit- 
ting GED test scores, students will also need to 
supply ACT or SAT test results. 


Studentsconsidering Eckerd Collegearestrongly 
urged to visit the campus and have an interview 
with an admissions counselor. We also encour- 
age you to visit a class and meet students and 
faculty members. An interview is not a required 
procedure for admission but is always a most 
beneficial step for you the student, as well as for 
those of us who evaluate your candidacy. 



Eckerd Col lege admits students who wish to enter 
college directly after their Junior year in high 
school. Application procedures are the same as 
outlined above. In addition, candidates are re- 
quired to have an interview with an admissions 
counselor. It travel to the college is not possible 
we will attempt to make arrangements tor an in- 
terview in your state of residence. 


A student who has been accepted for admission 
for a given term may request to defer enrollment 
for up to one year. Requests should be addressed 
to the Dean of Admissions. 


Eckerd College awards course credit on the basis 
of scores on the Advanced Placement Examina- 
tions administered by the College Entrance Ex- 
amination Board. Students who have obtained 
scores of four or five will automatically be 
awarded credit. Scores of three are recorded on 
the student's permanenttranscript and are refer- 
red to the faculty of the appropriate discipline for 
recommendations concerning credit. Applicants 
who seek advanced placement should have ex- 
amination results sent to the Dean of Admissions. 


Course credit will also be awarded on the basis of 
scores received on the College Level Examination 
Program (CLEP). Credit is awarded only for the 


Algebra-Trigonometry 55 4 hours 

American Government 55 4 hours 

American History I 55 4 hours 

American History II 55 4 hours 

American Literature 55 4 hours 

Biology 55 8 hours 

Chemistry 55 8 hours 

College Composition 55 8 hours 

Educational Psychology 55 4 hours 

General Psychology 55 4 hours 

Introductory Accounting 55 4 hours 

Introductory Calculus 55 8 hours 

Introductory Economics 55 8 hours 

Introductory Sociology 55 4 hours 

Western Civilization I 55 4 hours 

Western Civilization II 55 4 hours 

CLEP results should be sent to the Dean of 


Eckerd College enrolls students from approx- 
imately thirty-seven countries. Some are native 
speakersof English; manyarenot. In all cases, the 
Admissions and Scholarship Committee gives 
special attention to the evaluation of students 
who have completed their secondary education 
abroad. Candidates whose native language is not 
English should submit the TOEFL scores in lieu of 
SAT or ACT scores. Ordinarily international stu- 
dents will not be admitted unless they score a 
minimumof 550 on the TOEFL exam and /or com- 
pletelevel109instruction intheEnglish Language 
Services (ELS) program. 


1. Complete and return the application form 
with an application fee of $15 (non-refundable) at 
least three months prior to the desired entrance 

2. Request that official secondary school records 
be sent to us. We will need to receive an explana- 
tion of the grading system. 

3. Transfer applicants should submit official uni- 
versity records with an explanation of the grading 

4. Results of the Test of English as a Foreign Lan- 
guage (TOEFL) for non-native students of English 
should be submitted. Others are urged to take 
SAT or ACT. 

5. Complete a certified statement of financial re- 
sponsibility indicating that adequate funds are 
available to cover educational costs. 


The following international diplomas are 
accepted for consideration of admission with 
advanced standing: 

The General Certificate of Education of the British 
Commonwealth. Students with successful scores 
in at least three "0" levels and two "A" levels may 
be considered for advanced placement. 

The International Baccalaureate Diploma may 

qualify a candidate for placement as a Sophomore. 


If you have previously enrolled at Eckerd College 
and wish to return you should write or call the 
Dean of Students office, it will not be necessary 
for you to go through Admission procedures 
again. However, if you have been enrolled at 
another college or university you will need to 
submit a transcript of courses taken there. 



All students accepted for admission to Eckerd 
College who are U.S. citizens or permanent resi- 
dents are eligible to receive aid if they demon- 
strate financial need. For institutional awards pri- 
ority is given on the basis of grades, test scores, 
recommendations, and special talents. Most stu- 
dents receive an "aid package" consisting of 
scholarship, grant, loan, and campus employ- 
ment. In many cases, the financial aid package 
offered to a student may reduce out-of-pocket 
tuition payment to less than would be paid at a 
state college or university. Eckerd College is near- 
ly always able to help a student develop financial 
plans that will make attendance possible. 


Decisions regarding financial assistance can be 
made immediately upon admission to the col- 
lege, and receipt of the necessary financial aid 
credentials: Financial Aid Form (FAF) of the Col- 
lege Scholarship Service or the Family Financial 
Statement (FFS) of the American Testing Service. 

Any student who has resided in Florida for 24 
consecutive months should complete and file an 
application for a Florida Student Assistance 
Grant. Application is made through the submis- 
sion of the FFS or FAF by answering the appropri- 
ate Florida questions. 

Manyof the sources of financial aid administered 
by Eckerd College are controlled by governmen- 
tal agencies external to the college. Examples of 
programs of this type are Pell Grants, formerly 
known as Basic Educational Opportunity Grants 
(BEOG), Supplementary Educational Opportu- 
nity Grants (SEOG), Florida Student Assistance 
Grants (FSAG), Florida Tuition Voucher, Federal- 
ly Insured/Guaranteed Student Loans, National 
Direct Student Loans (NDSL), and the College 
Work Study Program (CWSP). To receive a cur- 
rent pamphlet concerning these programs, write 
or contact the office of Financial Aid, Eckerd Col- 
lege, St. Petersburg, Florida 33733 for the most 
current information concerning these programs. 

To be considered for any financial aid through 
Eckerd College, whether the merit awards listed 
in this catalog or any other need-based assistance 
from the college or federal and state govern- 
ments, it is necessary that you submit an Amer- 
ican College Testing Family Financial Statement 
(FFS) or the College Scholarship Service Financial 
Aid Form (FAF). These forms are available in the 
guidance department of the school you are cur- 
rently attending. It is important to mail the FFS or 
FAF by March 1. Indicate on the form that a copy of 

the analysis be sent to Eckerd College, check the 
appropriate boxes for Pell Grant and FSAG, and 
include the fee as indicated. 

Transfer students must submit a Financial Aid 
Transcript from each prior school regardless of 
whether aid was received. The forms may be 
obtained from the Eckerd College Financial Aid 
office and must be returned before an award may 
be released. 


All financial aid recipients must abide by Eckerd 
College's satisfactory academic progress stan- 
dards to continue receiving assistance. If you are 
placed on probation by the Academic Review 
Committee you will automatically be placed on 
financial aid probation, but may continue receiv- 
ing assistance. If you are dismissed by the 
Academic Review Committee, you may no longer 
receive assistance. Guidelines concerning proba- 
tion, dismissal and reinstatement are outlined in 
the catalog in the section entitled "Scholarship 
Requirements." Appeals to financial aid proba- 
tion and dismissal may be addressed to the Finan- 
cial Aid Appeals Committee which will act in con- 
sultation with the Academic Review Committee. 



The Thomas Presidential Scholarships are a rec- 
ognition of outstanding merit without regard to 
financial need. Each year five Freshmen are 
selected to receive a $4,000 scholarship, renew- 
able each year for a total of $16,000 if the student 
maintains a 3.0 grade point average. Students in 
the top 20 percent of their high school are encour- 
aged to apply. Selection criteria for this award 
include academic achievement, creative talent 
and character. Application deadline is March 1 . A 
separate application is required and is available 
on request. 


The Eckerd College Special Honors Scholarship 
Program provides fifty full tuition awards to final- 
ists and semifinalists in the National Merit and 
National Achievement Scholarship Programs. 
The value of this award is in excess of $5,000 per 
year, and in excess of $20,000 for four years if the 
student maintains a 3.0 grade point average. A 
student designated a semifinalist in one of these 
programs should make application for admis- 
sions to Eckerd College no later than March 1. 



The Eckerd College Honors Scholarships seek to 
recognize the forty most outstanding applicants 
for admission (Freshmen and transfers). Schol- 
arship finalists will be selected from among all 
applicants for admission without regard to finan- 
cial need. A student receiving an Honors Schol- 
arship may receive up to $2,400 yearly. The schol- 
arship is renewable if the student maintains a 3.0 
grade point average. No separate application is 
required; however, for priority consideration 
students should apply for admission no later than 
March 1 and should include the following items in 
their application materials: 

a) letter of recommendation from a teacher 
emphasizing student's abilities and future 

b) personal statement or autobiographical 
sketch describing interests, academic 
achievements, leadership qualities, and fu- 
ture goals; 

c) any additional materials which would best ac- 
quaint the selection committee with the stu- 
dent's promise; 

d) Financial Aid Form (FAF) of the College Schol- 
arship Service in Princeton, New Jersey, orthe 
Family Financial Statement (FFS) of the Amer- 
ican College Testing Program, lowaCity, Iowa. 



The Eckerd College Special Talent Scholarships 
provide recognition and encouragement to stu- 
dents who have excelled in a particular area of 
endeavor. All students accepted for admission 
are eligible to compete for these scholarships. 
Awards will be made on the basis of outstanding 
talent or achievement in any of the following 

a) achievement in math, science, English, social 
studies, behavioral sciences, foreign lan- 

-guages or any specific area of academic pur- 

b) special talent in the creative arts — music, 
theatre, art, writing, etc; 

c) demonstrated leadership and service in stu- 
dent, community or church organizations; 

d) special talent in men's or women's athletic 

Special Talent Scholarship winners may receive 
up to $2,400 yearly. The scholarship is renewable 
followingformal recommendation by thosequal- 
ified to evaluate the appropriate special talent. 
No separate application is required but for prior- 
ity consideration students should apply for 
admission prior to March 1 and submit the fol- 

a) Financial Aid Form (FAF), or Family Financial 
Statement (FFS); 

b) letter of recommendation from teacher, advi- 
sor or coach directly involved in student's 
achievement area; 

c) additional materialsthestudentwishestosub- 
mit in support of his or her credentials. 


The Eckerd College Church and Campus Schol- 
arships are a recognition of merit for fifty new 
Presbyterian students per year who have been 
recommended by their pastor and possess traits 
of character, leadership and academic ability 
which in the pastor's opinion demonstrate the 
promise to become outstanding Christian 
citizens — either as a lay person or a minister. 
Students recommended by their pastor who be- 
come recipients of a Church and Campus Schol- 
arship will receive a grant up to $2,400 to be used 
during the Freshman year. The award is renew- 
able annually on the basis of demonstrated 
academic, leadership and service achievement. 
This award is not based on financial need. Schol- 
arship winners may apply for supplemental finan- 
cial aid. More scholarship details are available on 


Grants are non-repayable awards made to stu- 
dents on the basis of specific criteria or skills 
within the limits of demonstrated financial need. 
Two important sources of grant funds are- the 
federal government and state governments. 




These grants are awarded from federal funds by 
the Office of Education. Awards are based upon 
need and range from approximately $200 to SI ,670 
depending on federal funding. Application is 
made through the submission of the FAF or FFS by 
checking the PELL box. The student must submit 
the Student Aid Report to the Financial Aid office. 
The student's account will then be credited for 
the amount of the students' eligibility. 


These grants are awarded from federal funds and 
administered by the college. They are limited at 
Eckerd College to students with exceptional 
financial need. Application is made through the 
submission of the FAF or FFS form. 




Inquiries relating to Social Security benefits 
should be directed to the student's local Social 
Security Office. The Office of the Registrar will 
submit enrollment certificates issued by the So- 
cial Security Administration foreligible students, 
providing the student registers as full-time. It is 
the student's responsibility to notify the Social 
Security Administration when enrollment ceases to 
be full-time. 


Eckerd College is approved forthe education and 
training of veterans, service members, and de- 
pendents of veterans eligible for benefit under 
the G.I. Bill. Students who may be eligible for V. A. 
benefits are urged to contact their local V.A. 
Office as soon as accepted by the college, and 
must file an application for benefits through the 
Office of the Registrar. No certification can be 
made until the application is on file. Si nee the first 
checks each yearare often delayed, it is advisable 
for the veteran to be prepared to meet all ex- 
penses for about two months. There are special 
V.A. regulations regarding independent study, 
audit courses, standards of progress, special stu- 
dent enrollment, dual enrollment in two schools, 
and summerenroliment. It is the student's respon- 
sibility to inquire concerning special regulations and 
to report any change in status which affects the rate 
of benefits. 


The Florida Student Assistance Grants (FSAG) are 
awarded on the basis of demonstrated financial 
need to two-year residents of Florida who attend 
college in the state. These grants may range up to 
a maximum of $1 ,200, depending on the demons- 
trated need of theapplicantandtheavailabilityof 
funds. Application is made through the submis- 
sion of the FAF or FFS by answering the Florida 
section and enclosing the appropriate fee. 


The Tuition Equalization Voucher program was 
established by the State of Florida for residents of 
the state who enroll in private colleges or univer- 
sities in Florida. The program provides up to $750 
per year regardless of financial need to help de- 
fray the cost of tuition at Eckerd College. To qual- 
ify, a student must have resided in Florida for at 
least two years, and must have graduated from a 

Florida high school. An application upon enroll- 
ment must be submitted to the Financial Aid 


These grants are available to students who rank in 
the upper one-half of their graduating class and 
demonstrate financial need. Achievement in vari- 
ous curricular and co-curricular activities is consi- 
dered. Special consideration is given to the sons 
and daughters of Presbyterian ministers or mis- 
sionaries in recognition of the institution's 
Presbyterian heritage and relationships. 


Many families whose current income and savings 
are not sufficient to finance college expenditures 
borrow funds through low interest educational 
loans to supplement their financing plans. 


Guaranteed student loans are available from local 
banks and lending agencies. Depending upon 
eligibility, students may borrow up to $2,500 per 
year not to exceed $12,500 in their undergraduate 
work for educational expenses. Students must 
submit a FAF or FFS, or a CSL Needs Test Form to 
establish eligibility according to the current 
federal guidelinesforfamily income. The interest 
is 9 percent for new borrowers, and new borrow- 
ers have a six months grace period following ter- 
mination of at least half-time school attendance 
before repayment must begin. For the prior bor- 
rowers with an outstanding GSL balance as of 
January 1, 1981, the interest rate will continue at 7 
percent with a nine months grace period. Repay- 
ment following the termination of the grace 
period will be at least $50 per month. Deferment 
from payment is allowed for the return to school 
full-time or for other specified conditions. Fami- 
lies interested in the program should contact 
their local banker for a loan application and cur- 
rent information. The processing of guaranteed 
student loan applications requires twelve to six- 
teen weeks. PLEASE NOTE: The above provisions 
are subject to change July 1, 1982. 


The National Direct Student Loan program is 
administered by the college from federal and col- 
lege funds. To qualify for a NDSL, the student 
must apply to the college and demonstrate finan- 
cial need. Since funds are limited, academic per- 
formance and personal qualifications are consid- 
ered in awarding NDSL funds. No interest will 
accrue until the beginning of the repayment 


period. Interest charges during the repayment 
period are only five percent per year on the un- 
paid balance. 


Monthly payments may be arranged by the family 
through one of four different companies. (See 
page 97). Contact the office of Financial Aid, Eck- 
erd College for current information. 


Eckerd College has limited loan funds available, 
usually for temporary emergency situations. For 
details, contact the Financial Aid office. 


In many local communities there are scholarships 
provided each year by various church, civic and 
business organizations to children of members, 
citizens, and employees. 


The Career Services office assists students in find- 
ing part-time employment on oroff campus. Pre- 
ference is given to students who demonstrate 
financial need. Campus employment opportuni- 
ties include work as a clerk or secretary, a food 
service employee, a custodian or maintenance 
worker, lifeguard, or a laboratory assistant. In- 
formation on off-campus jobs is available 
through the Career-Services office. 


Fi nancial aid to a student at Eckerd College may be 
renewable on an annual basis. A need analysis 
must be completed each year prior to March 1 for 
thefollowingacademicyear. All students whoare 
eligible to return for a subsequent year (except 
international students requiring 1-20 forms) are 
eligible for consideration for need-based finan- 
cial aid. Awards from all sources may vary from 
yeartoyearbased uponcriteriaestablished bythe 
college and other private or public agencies. 
Appeals for financial aid awards may be made in 
writing to the Financial Aid Appeals Committee. 




Eckerd College is a private, non-tax-supported 
institution. Tuition and fees pay only a portion 
(approximately 62 percent) of the educational 
costs per student. Thanks to the support of 
donors, the balance of costs is paid from endow- 
ment income and gifts from individuals, the Pres- 
byterian Churches, and various corporations. 

The following schedules list the principal ex- 
penses and regulations concerning the payment 
of fees for the academic year 1982-83. All fees and 
expenses listed below are those in effect at the 
time of publication of the catalog. They are sub- 
ject to change by the action of the Board of Trus- 
tees. When such changes are made, notice will be 
given as far in advance as possible. 


The annual fees for full-time students for the 1982- 
83 academic year include two semesters and one 
short term (autumn term for Freshmen, winter 
term for upperclassmen). 

Resident Commuter 

Tuition $5,495' $5,495 

Room and Board 2,360- 

Total $7,855 $5,495 

The tull-time tuition fees cover a maximum of ten (10) 
course registrations plus one short term during the 
academic year provided that no more than five courses 
are taken per semester. Students registering for more 
than five courses per semester or ten courses per year 
plus a short term course will be charged an additional 
tuition of $605 per course. A student registering for a 
year-long course may register for six courses in one 
semester and four in the other with no additional 

-Students with home addresses outside the immediate 
vicinity of the college are requested to live on campus. 
Exceptions to the requirement may be made with the 
approval of the Director of Housing. Since resident 
students are required to participate in the board plan, all 
resident students will be charged for both room and 

A Student Association Fee of approximately 
$100.00 peracademicyear is collected in addition 
to the above charges. Cost of books and supplies 
will be in the neighborhood of $200 to $250. 


Tuition (full-time) per semester: $2,445.00 

Tuition, autumn or winter term: $ 605.00 

Associated Students Fee, per year: $ 100.00 



Fall and 
Room short term Spring 

Double occupancy, each $ 560.00 S430.00 

Double room 
single occupancy 1,120.00 860.00 

Single room 790.00 625.00 

Base room rate ($560 and $430) has been included 
in Comprehensive Charges. Charges above the 
base rate for single occupancy of double room or 
for single room will be added to Comprehensive 

Room Damage Deposit: $30.00. This deposit is 
required in anticipation of any damage which may 
be done to a dormitory room. If damage is in 
excess of the deposit, the balance will be applied 
to the student's account. Any balance left of the 
deposit will be refunded to the student upon 
leaving college. 

Fall and 

Board short term Spring 

21 meal plan: $770.00 $600.00 

15 meal plan: 700.00 550.00 

10 meal plan: 618.00 486.00 


Tuition per course: $605.00 

Students are considered part-time when they en- 
roll for fewer than three courses per semester or 
ten courses per year plus short term. 


Tuition per course: $605.00 

Fee for students enrolling in more than five 
courses per semester or ten courses per year pi us 
a short term. 


Tuition per course (no credit) 

or evaluation): $160.00 

Full-time students may audit courses without fee 
with the permission of the instructor. 


Late payment (for payment of fees after registra- 
tion day): $80.00 

Late readmission: $10.00 

Late physical examination (for new students who 
have not had physical examination by registration 
day): $40.00 


Acceptance Fee (new students): $100.00 

A fee to cover the administrative cost of setting up 
student files once a student has been accepted by 
the Admissions Office. The fee will be applied 
against the comprehensive charge. 

Accident Insurance (optional): to be announced 

An extension of accident insurance to 12 months 
(nine months is included in comprehensive 
charges). This may be purchased without health 

Application Fee (new students): $15.00 

A fee to cover the administrative cost of proces- 
sing an application of a new student. 

Credit by Examination Fee: $310.00 

A fee for administering an examination to deter- 
mine proficiency in a particular subject to receive 
course credit. 

Health insurance (optional): to be announced 

Full twelve months of health insurance is available 
to all students upon completion of forms. The full 
twelve months of accident insurance is manda- 
toryforall studentsdesiringhealth insuranceand 
is included in this fee. 

Lost Key Fee: $25.00 

Resident students are issued keys to their rooms. 
The fee for replacing a lost key is $25.00. 

Orientation Fee (Freshmen only): $30.00 

A fee charged to all Freshmen to help cover the 
cost of the orientation program provided for all 

Readmission Fee: $25.00 

This fee is required foreach student returningfor 
the succeeding academic year in order to hold the 
student's place in the next entering class and to 
reserve a room for each resident student. The fee 
will be applied against the comprehensive 

Re-Examination Fee: $85.00 

A fee for administering a re-examination of 
course material. 

Transcript Fee: $2.00 

After an initial free transcript there is a $2.00 
charge per transcript. 

Transfer Students Orientation Fee: $10.00 

Applied Music Fees 

These fees apply even through music lessons are 
not taken for credit, And are fees in addition to 
regular tuition charges. 

Semester Year 

One hour per week $215.00 $430.00 

One half hour per week $108.00 $216.00 



Each full-time student is automatically covered by 
group accident insurance for the academic year 
(nine months) with Continental Insurance Com- 
pany, at no additional cost to the parents of the 
student. An extension of this accident insurance 
to cover the additional three-month period of the 
summer is available at a premium to be 
announced. An optional health-sickness policy is 
available, which would cover a twelve-month 
period. However, if the health-sickness policy is 
subscribed to for the period, it is compulsory to 
subscribe to the accident extension insurance for 
the additional summer three months at a fee to be 
announced for the combination. This is strongly 
recommended for all students and required for 
international students. Parents are advised to 
check any off-premise coverage for fire or theft 
that may be provided under their own policies. 


Occasionally international students, while study- 
ing at Eckerd College, will require medical atten- 
tion through local doctors, hospitals and clinics. 
To protect our international students from large 
medical bills while they are students at Eckerd, we 
require that all international students subscribe 
to a Health and Accident Insurance Policy. The 
cost of this insurance policy is S65 per year.* The 
cost will be added to the col lege bill of the interna- 
tional student, and will be due and payable at the 
time of registration at Eckerd College. The cover- 
age available through this policy protects the stu- 
dent for the full twelve months of the calendar 
year. The policy premium must be paid at registra- 
tion for the first term at which the student arrives 
at Eckerd College, and then at registration for 
each subsequent Fall Semester. 

*This amount is subject to change from time to 


Students should come prepared to pay all charges 
on the day of registration or should have pay- 
mentsfrom home mailed to reach Eckerd College 
Business Off ice at least two weeks prior to the date 
of registration. No student shall be permitted to 
register for a given semester until all indebted- 
ness for prior terms has been paid in full. 

Students who have unpaid bills at the college are 
subject to dismissal from the college and, as long 
as such payments remain unpaid,may not receive 
transcripts of credit or any diploma. 

Eckerd College does not have a deferred payment 
plan. Students desiring monthly payment plan 

must make arrangements through one of the fol- 
lowing companies: 

American Management Services, Inc. 
1T10 Central Avenue 
Pawtucket, Rhode Island 02861 

Education Funds, Inc. 
EFI — Fund Management Corporation 
Presidential Plaza, Suite 3200 
Chicago, Illinois 60601 

Insured Tuition Payment Plan 
Attention: R.L. Bounds, C.L.U. 
1100 Universal Marion Building 
21 West Church Street 
Jacksonville, Florida 32202 

The Tuition Plan, Inc. 
Concord, New Hampshire 03301 

All arrangements and contracts are made directly 
between the parent and the tuition financing 


Students withdrawing within 25 days of the first 
classof any semester for reasons approved by the 
college will receive tuition refunds for that 
semester as follows: 

Within 7 days 75% 

Within 15 days 50% 

Within 25 days 25% 

After 25 days no refund 

Students withdrawing within 15 calendar days of 
the first class day of any short term (autumn term 
or winter term) will receive tuition refunds for 
that term as follows: 

Within 7 calendar days 50% 

Within 15 calendar days 25% 

After 15 days no refund 

Room charges for resident students are not re- 
fundable. Unused portion of meal tickets will be 
refunded on a pro-rata basis. 

Revised charges for students withdrawing from 
college will be paid from the following sources in 
this order: 1) from payments made by the student 
or the student's parents; 2) from outside scho- 
larships and loans, if any; 3) from Eckerd College 
loansand National DirectStudentLoans, if any; 4) 
from Eckerd College financial aid, if any. Any Eck- 
erd College aid not needed to cover revised 
charges will be removed from the student's 
account and not refunded. 

Refunds of federal and state grants and loans are 
made in accordance with government regula- 

Whenever a student is required to withdraw be- 
cause of unsatisfactory conduct, no refund will be 

No refunds will be made to withdrawing students 
until the withdrawal process is completed. 



Faculty of the Collegium of 
Behavioral Science 

William E. Winston 

Chair, Behavioral Science Collegium 

Associate Professor of Sociology 

B.A., Central Washington University 

M.A., Ph.D., Washington State 
Joseph M. Bearson 

Associate Professor of Marketing 

B.A., Brandeis University 

M.B.A., Columbia University 
Salvatore Capobianco 

Associate Professor of Psychology 

B.A., M.A., University of Kansas 

Ph.D., Rutgers University 
Theodore M. Dembroski 

Professor of Psychology 

B.S., Ph.D., University of Houston 
Ted Dowd 

Associate Professor of Management 
and Finance 

B.G.E., University of Nebraska 

M.S.B.A., D.B.A., 
The George Washington University 
Michael G. Flaherty 

Assistant Professor of Sociology 

B.A., M.A., University of 
South Florida 
Peter K. Hammerschmidt 

Assistant Professor of Economics 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Colorado State 
lames R. Harley 

Associate Professor of Physical 

Director of Athletics 

B.S., Georgia Teachers College 

M.A., George Peabody College 
John Patrick Henry 

Assistant Professor of Sociology 

B.S. University of South Carolina 

M.A., University of Massachusetts 
Jeffrey A. Howard 

Assistant Professor of Psychology 

B.A., Valparaiso University 

M.S. Kansas State University 
Robert H. Lyon 

Assistant Professor of Accounting 
and Finance 

B.A., Montclair State College 

M.B.A., Seton Hall University 

C.P.A., Florida 
lames M. MacDougall 

Professor of Psychology 

B.S., Highlands University, 
New Mexico 

M.A., Ph.D., Kansas State University 
John P. Mayotte 

Assistant Professor of Physical 

B.S., Castleton State College 

M.S., College of St. Rose 

M.A., University of South Florida 

Anne A. Murphy 

Professor of Political Science 

B.A., College of Wooster 

B.D., Yale Divinity School 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
Tom Oberhofer 

Associate Professor of Economics 

B.S., Fordham University 

M.A., Ph.D., Rutgers University 
Robert J. Parcells 

Assistant Professor of Economics 

B.A., B.S., Boise State University 

M.A., State University of 
New York, Binghamton 
Claud R. Sutcliffe 

Associate Professor of Political 

B.A., Pomona College 

M.A., Ph.D., Princeton University 
Robert B. Tebbs 

Professor of Management and 
Organizational Behavior 

B.A., University of Colorado 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Wyoming 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Comparative Cultures 

Pedro N. Trakas 

Chair, Comparative Cultures 

Professor of Spanish 
B.A., Wofford College 
M.A., Universidad Nacional de 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
Litt.D., Wofford College 
Dudley E. DeCroot 
Professor of Anthropology 
B.A., University of West Virginia 
M.A., University of New Mexico 
Ph.D., Ohio State University 
Frank M. Figueroa 
Professor of Spanish and Hispanic 

Area Studies 
B.S., Seton Hall University 
M.A., Ed.D., Columbia University 

Teachers College 
Henry E. Genz 

Professor of French Language and 

B.A., Emory University 
M.A., University of Wisconsin 
Ph.D., Case Western Reserve 

E. Ashby Johnson 
Professor of Philosophy and Religion 
B.A., Presbyterian College, South 

B.D.,Th.M.,Th.D., Union 
Theological Seminary, Virginia 

Gilbert L. Johnston 

Associate Professor of Asian 
Studies and Religion 

B.A., Cornell University 

M.Div., Princeton Theological 

Ph.D., Harvard University 
Kenneth E. Keeton 

Professor of German Language and 

B.A., Georgetown College 

M.A., University of Kentucky 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
Vivian A. Parsons 

Instructor in Russian 

B.A., Brandeis University 

M.A.T., Harvard University 
William H. Parsons 

Professor of History and 
Russian Studies 

B.A., Crinnell College 

M.A., Harvard University 

Ph.D., Indiana University 
Hendrick Serrie 

Assistant Professor of Anthropology 

B.A., University of Wisconsin 

M.A., Ph.D., Northwestern University 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Creative Arts 

Kathryn J. Watson 

Chair, Creative Arts Collegium 
Assistant Professor of Education 
Director of Teacher Education 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Florida 

Richard R. Bredenberg 
Professor of Education 
B.A., Dartmouth College 
B.D., S.T.M., Oberlin College 
D.Min., Vanderbilt University 
Ph.D., New York University 

James G. Crane 

Professor of Visual Arts 

B.A., Albion College 

M.A., State University of Iowa 

M.F.A., Michigan State University 

Sarah K. Dean 
Assistant Professor of 

Human Resources 
M.Re., Southern Baptist Theological 

M.A., George Peabody College 
Ed.D., Nova University 

Joan Osborne Epstein 

Visiting Assistant Professor 

of Music 
B.A., Smith College 
M.M., Yale University School 
of Music 

J. Peter Meinke 

Professor of Literature 
B.A., Hamilton College 
M.A., University of Michigan 
Ph.D., University of Minnesota 


Molly K. Ransbury 

Associate Professor of Education 

B.S., M.S., State University of 
New York 

Ed.D., Indiana University 
Richard A. Rice 

Associate Professor of Theatre 

B.A., University of Denver 

M.A., Columbia University 

Ph.D., University of Utah 
Margaret R. Rigg 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 

B.A., Florida State University 

M.A., Presbyterian School of 
Christian Education, Richmond 
Arthur N. Skinner 

Visiting Assistant Professor of 
Visual Arts 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.V.A., Georgia State University 
Mark K. Smith 

Professor of Human Resources 

Dean of Students 

B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Ohio State 
Linda ). Snow 

Assistant Professor of 
Human Resources 

Director, Counseling Center 

B.S., M.A., University of Missouri 

Ph.D., Arizona State University 
Claire A. Stiles 

Assistant Professor of Leisure 
And Recreation 

B.S., Rutgers University 

M.A., Southwest Texas State 
William E. Waters 

Professor of Music 

B.A., University of North Carolina 

M.A., College of William and Mary 
V. Sterling Watson 

Assistant Professor of 

Literature and Creative Writing 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., University of Florida 
|. Thomas West 

Professor of Psychology and 
Human Resources 

B.S., Davidson College 

M.A., University of North Carolina 

Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 

Faculty of the Collegium of 

Peter A. Pav 

Chair, Letters Collegium 
Professor of Philosophy 
B.A., Knox College 
M.A., Ph.D., Indiana University 

Geraldine B. Blazey 

Director, Composition Program 
B.A., Mary Washington College, 

University of Virginia 
M.A., University of Rochester 
C.S.A., State University of New York 
Clark H. Bouwman 

Professor of Sociology 
B.A., Kalamazoo College 
B.S., Western Michigan University 
M.A., Ph.D., New School for Social 
jewel Spears Brooker 
Associate Professor of Literature 
B.S., Stetson University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of 
South Florida 
Alan W. Carlsten 

Professor of Religious Studies 

and Speech Communications 
B.S., University of Oklahoma 
M.Div., McCormick Theological 
Albert Howard Carter, III 
Associate Professor of Comparative 

Literature and Humanities 
Associate Dean of Faculty 

for General Education 
Chair, Foundations Collegium 
B.A., University of Chicago 
M.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of 
J. Stanley Chesnut 

Professor of Humanities and 

B.A., University of Tulsa 
M.Div., McCormick Theological 

M.A., Ph.D., Yale University 
Julienne H. Empric 
Associate Professor of Literature 
B.A., Nazareth College of 

M.A., York University 
Ph.D., University of Notre Dame 
Rejane P. Genz 
Professor of French Language and 

B.A., Sillery College, Quebec City 
License es lettres, Ph.D., Laval 
Keith W. Irwin 

Professor of Philosophy 
B.A., Cornell College 
M.Div., Garrett Theological 
Carolyn Johnston 
Assistant Professor of 

American Studies 
B.A., Samford University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of California 
William F. McKee 
Professor of History 
B.A., College of Wooster 
M.A., Ph.D., University of 

Felix Rackow 

Professor of Political Science, 

Pre-Law Adviser 
B.S., M.A., Ph.D., Cornell 

William C. Wilbur 

Professor of British and Modern 

European History 
B.A., Washington and Lee 

Ph.D., Columbia University 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Natural Sciences 

William B. Roess 

Chair, Collegium of Natural 

Professor of Biology 

B.S., Blackburn College 

Ph.D., Florida State University 
Wilbur F. Block 

Professor of Physics 

B.S.,M.S., Ph.D., 
University of Florida 
Harry W. Ellis 

Assistant Professor of Physics 

B.S., Ph.D., Georgia Institute of 
John C. Ferguson 

Professor of Biology 

B.A., Duke University 

M.A., Ph.D., Cornell University 
Wayne C. Guida 

Assistant Professor of 

B.A., Ph.D., University of South 
Sheila D. Manes 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.A., Baylor University 

M.S., University of Illinois 

Ph.D., Ohio University 
Reggie L. Hudson 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry 

B.A., Pfeiffer College 

Ph.D., University of Tennessee 
George W. Lofquist 

Professor of Mathematics 

B.S., University of North Carolina 

M.S., Ph.D., Louisiana State 
Billy H. Maddox 

Professor of Mathematics 

Director of Evaluation 

B.S., Troy State College 

M.Ed., University of Florida 

Ph.D., University of South Carolina 
Robert C. Meacham 

Professor of Mathematics 

B.A., Southwestern at Memphis 

Sc.M., Ph.D., Brown University 
Richard W. Neithamer 

Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., Allegheny College 

Ph.D., Indiana University 



George K. Reid 

Professor of Biology 

B.S., Presbyterian College, South 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Florida 
John E. Reynolds, III 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.A., Western Maryland College 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Miami 
Alan L. Soli 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry 

B.A., Augsburg College 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 
Walter O. Walker 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 

B.S., Eckerd College 

M.S., Ph.D., Clemson University 

Foundations Collegium 

A. Howard Carter 

Foundations Chair 

Letters Collegium 
Geraldine B. Blazey 

Director, Composition Program 

Letters Collegium 
Patricia E. Bouvvman 

Coordinator, Writing Center 
Richard R. Bredenberg 

Creative Arts Collegium 
J. Stanley Chesnut 

Letters Collegium 
Sarah K. Dean 

Creative Arts Collegium 
Dudley E. DeCroot 

Comparative Cultures Collegium 
Harry W. Ellis 

Natural Sciences Collegium 
loan Osborne Epstein 

Creative Arts Collegium 
Reggie L. Hudson 

Natural Sciences Collegium 
E. Ashby Johnson 

Comparative Cultures Collegium 
Carolyn Johnston 

Letters Collegium 
William H. Parsons 

Comparative Cultures Collegium 
John E. Reynolds 

Natural Sciences Collegium 
Richard A. Rice 

Creative Arts Collegium 
Claud R. Sutcliffe 

Behavioral Science Collegium 
V. Sterling Watson 

Creative Arts Collegium 
William C. Wilbur 

Letters Collegium 


John B. Vigle 

Director, Library Services 

Associate Professor 

B.A., M.S.L.S., University of Kentucky 
David W. Henderson 

Reader Services Librarian 

Assistant Professor 

B.A., University of Connecticut 

M.S., Ohio University 

M.S.L.S., Florida State University 
Joanne J. Lofquist 

Technical Services Librarian 

Associate Professor 

B.A., M.S.L.S., University of 
North Carolina 


James R. Harley 

Director of Athletics 
Associate Professor of Physical 

John P. Mayotte 
Head Baseball Coach 
Assistant Professor 

of Physical Education 


Clark L. Allen 

Professor Emeritus of Economics 
Ph.D., Duke University 

Burr C. Brundage 
Professor Emeritus of History 
Ph.D., University of Chicago 

Tennyson P. Chang 

Professor Emeritus of Asian Studies 
Ph.D., Georgetown University 

Irving G. Foster 
Professor Emeritus of Physics 
Ph.D., University of Virginia 

Emil Kauder 

Professor Emeritus of Economics 
Ph.D., University of Berlin 

Dudley E. South 
Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 
Ph.D., University of Michigan 

Frances M. Whitaker 
Registrar Emeritus 
M.A., Columbia University 

Frederic R. White 
Professor Emeritus of Classics 
Ph.D., University of Michigan 

Daniel A. Zaret 
Professor Emeritus of Russian 
Ph.D., University of Moscow 


Peter H. Armacost 


B.A., Denison University 

Ph.D., University of Minnesota 
Edward I. Stevens 

Director of Planning and Analytical 

B.A., Davidson College 

B.D., Harvard Divinity School 

Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 
Marjorie R. Nincehelser 

Administrative Assistant to the 
David B. Cozad 


B.A., Eckerd College 

M.Div., Union Theological 
Seminary, Virginia 

M.S. P., Florida State University 


Lloyd W. Chapin 

Vice President and Dean of Faculty 
Associate Professor of Philosophy 

and Religious Studies 
B.A., Davidson College 
M.Div., Ph.D., Union Theological 

Seminary, New York 
A. Howard Carter, III, Ph.D. 
Associate Dean of Faculty for General 

Associate Professor of Comparative 

Lierature and Humanities 
Sheila M. Johnston, M.A. 

Director, International Education and 

Off-Campus Programs 


Arthur L. Peterson 

Dean of Special Programs 
Professor of Political Science 
B.A., Yale University 
M.S. P. A., University of 
Southern California 
Ph.D., University' of Minnesota 
Margaret R. Bergenstjerna 

Administrative Assistant to the Dean 
Cheryl C. Gold, B.A. 

Coordinator, Summer Programs, 
Women's Programs 
Randall K. Mason, B.A. 
Coordinator, Program for 
Experienced Learners 


Gerald Dreller 

Associate Dean 

Director, Program for Experienced 

Assistant Professor of Modern 

B.A., Trinity College 
M.A., Ph.D., University ot Illinois 


Donald T. DeBevoise 

Assistant to the President for 

College/Church Relations 
B.A., University of Florida 
M.Div., Candler School of 

Theology, Emory University 
D.Min., McCormick Theological 

Betty Ray, B.A. 
Director, Public Relations 


John C. Laske 

Vice President for Development 

B.A., Carroll College 

M.Div., McCormick Theological 

D.D., Carroll College 
James N. Cook, B.A. 

Director, Alumni Relations, 
The Annual Fund 
Judith M. Ward 

Director, Development Support Services 
Betty F. Watkins, B.A 

Director, Corporate Relations, 


Richard R. Hallin 

Dean of Admissions and Records 

Associate Professor of Political 

B.A., Occidental College 

B.A., M.A., Exeter College, 
Oxford Universit>', England 

Ph.D., Columbia University 
Manuel A. Tavares, M.S. 

Assistant Dean of Admissions 
David A. Davidson, B.A. 

Admissions Counselor 
Kathy Sue Dunmire, B.A. 

Admissions Counselor 
Grant L. Jacks, III, B.A. 

Admissions Counselor, Coordinator 
of Freshman Financial Aid 
Lunita P. Knox 

Financial Aid Counselor 
Margaret W. Morris, B.A. 

Director, Financial Aid 

Carolyn E. Poole, B.A., M.Ed., Ed.S. 

Admissions Counselor 
Ruth R. Trigg, B.A. 

Marc E. Barlow, B.A. 

Assistant Registrar 


Mark W. Smith, Ph.D. 

Dean of Students 

Professor of hiuman Resources 
Susan Hopp, MA. 

Associate Dean of Students 

Director of Housing 
Allison Brandy, B.A. 

ELS Residential Program 
Sharon M. Covert, B.A. 

Director, Career Sen/ices 
William C. Covert, A. A. 

Director, Waterfront Activities 

ARC Instructor 
Patricia S. Davis, B.A. 

Director, Minority 
Student Affairs 
Barbara J. Ely, R.N. 

Director, Nursing Services 
Sheila C. Grafing 

Placement Coordinator, Career 
Mary Louise Jones, R.N. 

Night Nurse 
R. Barry McDowell, M.S. 

Director, Campus Activities 
Timothy O'Sullivan, B.A. 

Recreation Coordinator 
Joel S. Prawler, M.D. 

Assistant Director, 
hiealth Sen/ices 
Michael J. Reilly, M.D. 

Director, hiealth Services 
Linda J. Snow, Ph.D. 

Director, Counseling Center 

Assistant Professor of 
hiuman Resources 
Lena Wilfalk, B.A. 

Director, International Student Affairs 


Dennis W. Binning 

Vice President for Finance 

B.A., University of Iowa 

Litt.D., College of Steubenville 
Shirley D. Amedeo 

Director of Personnel 
Alan W. Bunch, B.A. 

J.T. Tom Meiners 

Director, Physical Plant and Services 




Mr. Kendrick C. Hardcastle, III 

The Rev. Lacy R. Harwell 

Wee Chairman 
Dr. Peter H. Armacost 

President, Eckerd College 
Mr. Andrew H. Mines, Jr. 

Dr. Dennis W. Binning 

Mrs. Marjorie R. Nincehelser 

Assistant Secretary 


Dr. Peter H. Armacost 

Eckerd College 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Sherman E. Armstrong 

Silver Springs Shores 
Presbyterian Church 

Ocala, Florida 
Mr. W.D. Bach 

Pensacola, Florida 
Dr. Michael M. Bennett 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Jack Bertoglio 

Gold Crown, Inc. 

Miami, Florida 
The Rev. Clem E. Bininger 

First Presbyterian Church 

Fort Lauderdale, Florida 
Mr. James Christison 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. Charles M. Conway, Jr. 

Aetna Steel Company 

Jacksonville, Florida 
Mr. Charles Creighton 

Creighton's Restaurants 

Fort Lauderdale, Florida 
The Rev. Thomas J. Gumming 

Plantation United Presbyterian 

Plantation, Florida 
The Rev. Don T. DeBevoise 

Eckerd College 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. David Eachus 

Smith Barney, Harris Upham 
and Co., Inc. 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Jack M. Eckerd 

Clearwater, Florida 
Dr. Richard A. Essman 

Bayfront Medical Center 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. David Fischer 

Fischer, Johnson, Allen and 
Burke, Inc. 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Harrison W. Fox 

Florida Federal Savings and Loan 

St. Petersburg, Florida 



Mr. Harold C. Freundt 

Tavares, Florida 
Mr. H.D. Frueauff, Jr. 

Tool Engineering Service 

Tallahassee. Florida 
The Rev. T. Robert Fulton 

South Jacksonville Presbyterian 

Jacksonville, Florida 
Senator Ben Hill Griffin, Jr. 

Ben Hill Gnffin, Inc. 

Frostproof, Florida 
The Rev. William V. Grosvenor 

United Presbyterian Church 
of the Palms 

Sarasota, Florida 
Mr. Kendrick Hardcastle, III 

hiardcastle Industries 

Tampa, Florida 
The Rev. Lacy R. Harwell 

Maximo Presbyterian Church 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Andrew H. Hines, Jr. 

Florida Power Corporation 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Harold D. Holder 

American Agronomics Corporation 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. William R. Hough 

William R. Hough and Co. 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Frank M. Hubbard 

Hubbard Construction Co. 

Orlando, Florida 
Mr. Richard O. Jacobs 

Jacobs, Robbins & Gaynor, P. A. 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. Franklyn A. Johnson 

North Miami, Florida 
Mr. Olivia LaMotte 

Sarasota, Florida 
Mr. Sam H. Mann, Jr. 

Greene, Mann, Rowe, 
Stanton, Mastry and Burton 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Clinton Marsh 

President, Knoxville College 

Knoxville, Tennessee 
The Rev. Fred W. McClellan 

First Presbyterian Church 

Vera Beach, Florida 
Mr. James W. Moore 

Coastland Corporation of Florida 

Ft. Myers, Florida 
Mr. William F. O'Neill 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. J. Crayton Pruitt 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Arthur J. Ranson, III 

Robertson, Williams, Duane, Lewis, 
Briggs and Ranson, P. A. 

Orlando, Florida 
The Rev. Bruce Robertson 

First Presbyterian Church 

Tallahassee, Florida 
Mr. Peter C. Rossin 

Dynamet, Incorporated 

Washington, Pennsylvania 

Dr. Frederick A. Russ 

University of North Carolina 

Chapel Hill, North Carolina 
Mr. Robert T. Sheen 

Milton Roy Company 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. G. Ballard Simmons 

Jacksonville, Florida 
Mr. Robert A. Staub 

Staub, Warmbold and Associates, Inc. 

New York, New York 
Mrs. John W. Sterchi 

Orlando, Florida 
Mr. James T. Swann, III 

Cocoa, Florida 
Mr. Stewart Turley 

Jack Eckerd Corporation 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. MacDonell Tyre 

Century First National Bank 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. William W. Upham 

The Upham Agency 

St. Petersburg Beach, Florida 
Mrs. John P. Wallace 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Thomas A. Watson 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Charles S. Webster 

The Moorings Presbyterian 

Naples, Florida 
Mrs. Jean Giles Wittner 

St. Petersburg Federal Savings 
and Loan Association 

St. Petersburg, Florida 

The Rev. Harvard A. Anderson 

Longwood, Flonda 
Mr. William M. Bateman 

Palm Beach, Florida 
Dr. Gordon W. Blackwell 

Greenville, South Carolina 
The Rev. John 8. Dickson 

Clearwater, Flonda 
Mrs. J. Morton Douglas 

Weirsdale, Florida 
Mrs. Mildred Ferris 

St. Petersburg Beach, Florida 
Mrs. Charles G. Gambrell 

New York, New York 
Mr. Witlard A. Gortner 

Clean\'ater, Florida 
Mrs. Lorena C. Hannahs 

St. Petersburg, Flonda 
Dr. W. Monte Johnson 

Lakeland, Florida 
Dr. William H. Kadel 

Lake City, Florida 
Mr. Stephen R. Kirby 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Oscar R. Kreutz 

Florida Federal Savings and Loan 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. Philip J. Lee 

Seaboard Coastline Railroad 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. E. Colin Lindsey 

Belk-Lindsey Stores, Inc. 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. Elwyn L. Middleton 

Palm Beach, Florida 
Mr. Douglas K. Porteus 

North Palm Beach, Florida 
Mrs. Woodbury Ransom 

Chicago, Illinois 
Dr. Joseph H. Reason 

Tallahassee, Florida 
Dr. J. Wayne Reitz 

Gainesville, Florida 
Mr. David L. Wilt 

Wilt and Associates 

Arlington, Virginia 


I N DEX (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 

Academic Calendar 4 

Academic Credit 15 

Academic Exemption Petitions 13 

Academic Policies 13 

Academic Program 4 

Accounting 17 

Accreditation 1 

Administration 101 

Admission 89 

Early Admission 91 

Equivalency Certificates 90 

Evaluation & Awarding of Credit 90 

Freshman 89 

International Students 91 

Procedures after Acceptance 90 

Transfer 90 

Adult Education 12 

Advanced Placement 91 

Aesthetic Perspective Courses 17 

Afro-American Society 88 

American Studies 18 

Anthropology 18 

Area of Concentration/Major 15 

Army ROTC 13,58 

Art 20 

Athletics 89 

Auditors 16 

Autumn Term 4,6,83 

Behavioral Science, Collegium of 7 

Biology 23 

Board of Trustees 101 

Business Administration 25 

Calendar, Academic 4 

Calendar of Events, 1982-83 106 

Calendar of Events, 1983-84 107 

Campus Life 85 

Career-Service Program 11 

Chemistry 25 

Co-Curricular Program 8 

Co-Curricular Record 8 

Child Development 32 

College Entrance Examinations 90 

College Level Examination Program (CLEP) 91 

Collegium Concept 6 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Christian Values 2 

Faculty to Students 2 

General Education 2 

Human Relationships 3 

Individual Development 2 

Integration of Liberal Arts and 

Career Preparation 3 

Pace-Setting Institution 3 

Comparative Cultures, Collegium of 7 

Comparative Literature 27 

Composition 27 

Comprehensive Examinations 14 

Computation Competency Requirement 14 

Computer Science 10 

Costs 95 

Counseling Services 88 

Course and Major Descriptions 17-82 

Course Requirements 13 

Course Numbers and Letters Explanation 17 

Creative Arts, Collegium of 7 

Creative Writing 28 

Credit, Academic 15 

Credit/No Credit Grading 16 

Cnminal Justice 13,74 

Cross-Cultural Perspective Courses 29 

Cultural Activities and Entertainment 87 

Dance 79 

Day Students 88 

Deferred Admission 91 

Degree Requirements, B.A 13 

Degree Requirements, B.S 14 

Demonstrated Proficiency 15 

Directed Study 15 

American Fiction: 7950 to Present 1,11 48 

British Innovative Education 52 

Children's Literature 48 

Complex Organizations and Bureaucracies . 75 

Contemporary Women Writers in Britain ... 53 

Geography 38 

German Grammar Review 38 

German Phonetics 38 

History of England to 1714 40 

History of London 40 

History of Modern Britain Since 1714 40 

History of the British Empire- 
Commonwealth Since 1783 42 

History of the Print 21 

Intermediate German 38 

Introduction to the Education of 

Exceptional Children 33 

Introduction to the New Testament 71 

Introduction to the Old Testament 71 

Introduction to Philosophy 61 

Japanese I, II 45 

Japanese Cultural History 40 

Life and Works of Franz Kafka 38 

London: A Representation of 

British Society 53 

Personnel Management 47 

Programmed Elementary German 38 

Recent American History 42 

Religion in America 71 

Shakespeare: the Forms of his Art 48 

Swedish I, II, III 78 

The Artistry of Federico Garcia Lorca 1,11... 77 
The Endless Journey: an Introduction to 

Anthropology I, II 19 

The Futures of Humanity: Worlds of 

Science Fiction 65 

The Industrial Revolutionjn America 42 

The Life and Teachings of Jesus 71 

The Modern American Novel 50 

The Progressive Movement 42 

The Universe 65 

The World of Life 65 

Twentieth Century American Women 

Artists and Writers 50 

Twentieth Century British Mind 53 

Twentieth Century European Fiction 1,11... 49 

Twentieth Century Music 60 

United States History 40 

World Regional Geography 38 

Your Family in American History 39 

Dismissal, Academic 16,88 


Early Admissions 91 

Early Childhood Certification 32 

Earth Sciences 35 

East Asian Area Studies 30 

Economics 30 

Education 32 

Elementary Education 32 

Employment on Campus 95 

Engmeering Dual Degree Program 9 

Entertainment and Cultural Activities 87 

Environmental Perspective Courses 34 

Environmental Studies 35 

Examination, Comprehensive 14 

Expenses 95 

Experienced Learners, Program for 12 

Faculty and Administration 98-100 

Fees 95 

Finance 36 

Financial Aid 92 

Academic Standing 92 

Grants 93 

Loans 94 

Renewals 95 

Scholarships 92 

Selection Procedures 92 

Social Security Benefits 94 

Veteran's Benefits 94 

Foreign Language Competency Requirement ... 14 

Foundations Collegium 6,83 

French 36 

General Education 5 

Geography 38 

German 38 

Grades 15 

Grading System 15 

Grants 93 

Health Form 88,90 

Health Services 88 

History 39 

Honors at Graduation 16 

Humanities 44 

Human Resources 43 

Incomplete Grades 16 

Independent Study 15 

International Education 10 

International Students 11 

International Student Admission 91 

insurance 97 

interview. Admission 90 

Italy Offenngs 45 

Japanese 45 

Leisure and Recreation 45 

Letters, Collegium of 7 

Linguistics 19 

Literature 46 

Loans 94 

London Offerings 52 

Major/ Area of Concentration Requirements .... 15 

Major and Course Descriptions 17-82 

Management 53 

Marketing 56 

Mathematics 56 

Medical Technology 58 

Mentors 4 

Minority Students 88 

Modern Language 59 

Music 59 

Natural Sciences, Collegium of 8 

Off-Campus Programs 10 

Off-Campus Winter Term 10 

Organizations and Clubs 87 

Payment Methods 97 

Perspective Courses 14 

Petitions, Academic Exemption 13 

Philosophy 61 

Physical Education 63 

Physics 64 

Policies, Academic 13 

Political Science 65 

Pre-Professional Programs 9 

Probation, Academic 16,95 

Program for Experienced Learners 12 

Projects, Senior 14 

Psychology 67 

Public Safety Administration 13 

Readmission of Students 91 

Refunds 97 

Registration 16 

Religious Life 87 

Religious Studies/Religious Education 70 


Comprehensive Examination/Thesis 14 

Computation Competency 14 

Degree 13 

Foreign Language Competency 14 

Major/Area of Concentration 14 

Perspective Courses 14 

Residency 13 

Scholarship 16 

Transfer Students 90 

Values Sequence 14 

Western Heritage . ; 14 

Writing Competency 13 

Research Design and Statistics 77 

Residency Requirement 13 

Resident Advisor Training Course 72 

Room and Board 95 

ROTC, Army 13,58 

Russian Studies 72 


St. Petersburg, the City 86 

Sea Semester 10 

Secondary Education 32 

Senior Comprehensives, Theses, Projects 14 

Senior Seminar Requirement 14 

Scholarship Requirement 16,95 

Scholarships 92 

Semester Abroad 10 

Social Relations Perspective Courses 73 

Social Security Benefits 94 

Sociology 74 

Spanish 76 

Special Honors Scholarships 92 

Speech 77 

Statistics and Research Design 77 

Student Information Form 90 

Student Activities 87 

Student Government 86 

Student Life 85 

Student Publications 87 

Summer Term 12 

Swedish 78 

Teacher Education 9,32 

Theatre 78 

Theses, Senior 14 

Transcripts 90,96 

Transfer Admission 90 

Transfer of Credit 14,90 

Transfer Student Requirements 90 

Tuition and Fees 95 

Upper Division Colloquia Requirement 14 

Values Sequence Colloquia 80 

Values Sequence Requirement 14 

Veteran's Benefits 94 

Veteran's Benefits, Winter Term 5 

Veteran's Benefits, PEL 13 

Visual Arts 20 

Waterfront Program 87 

Western Heritage 14,36 

Winter Term 5,83 

Winter Term Abroad 10 

Withdrawal from College 16 

Wrthdrawal Grades 16 

Women's Studies 12 

Writing Center 10 

Writing Competency Requirement 13 

Writing Workshop 82 

Year Abroad 10 




Fri., Aug. 13 

Sat., Aug. 14 
Thur., Aug. 26 

Thur., Sept. 2 
Fri., Sept. 3 
Sat., Sept. 4 
Sun., Sept. 5 


lues., Sept. 7 

Wed., Sept. 8 
Wed., Sept. 15 
Thur., Sept. 16 
Fri., Oct. 29 

Thur.-Fri., Oct. 14-15 

Mon.-Wed., Nov. 8-10 

Thur.-Fri., Nov. 25-26 
Fri., Dec. 10 
Mon.-Fri., Dec. 13-17 
Sat., Dec. 18 


Mon., Jan. 3 

Tues., Jan. 4 
Wed., Jan. 5 

Thur.-Fri., Jan. 27-28 
Fri., Jan. 28 


Men., Jan. 31 

Tues., Feb. 1 
Thur., Feb. 10 
Fri., Mar. 25 

Thur., Mar. 31 
Mon., April 11 
Tues., April 12 
Wed. -Thur., April 13-14 
Thur., April 21 
Thur.-Mon., April 21-25 

Fri., May 13 
Mon.-Fri., May 16-20 
Sun., May 22 
Mon., May 23 


June 6-July 1 

Freshmen arrive. Financial clearance and registration before 

3:00 p.m. 

Autumn term begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Freshmen till out preference sheets for fall semester courses and return them 

to the Registrar 

Residence houses open at noon for new students for fall semester 

Orientation for new students 

End of autumn term 

Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at noon 

Registration and financial clearance for fall semester, returning and 

new students 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Opening Convocation 

End of drop/add period for fall semester courses 

Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, or change from 

audit to credit 

All students fill out preference sheets for winter term and return them to the 


All students fill out preference sheets for spring semester courses and return 

them to the Registrar 

Thanksgiving holiday; no classes 

Last day of classes 

Examination period 

Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon 

Residence houses reopen. Financial clearance for all new students. New 

student registration/orientation for winter term 

Returning students are not registered until they check in with the Registrar 

Winter term begins at 9:00 a.m. All projects meet first day 

Last day to enter winter term; end of drop/add period; last day to change 

project or withdraw from winter term with W grade 

First comprehensive examination period 

Winter term ends at 4:30 p.m. 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation 

Financial clearance and registration for spring semester, all students 

Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

End of drop/add period for spring semester courses 

Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit 

Spring recess begins. Residence houses close at noon 

Residence houses reopen at 9:00 a.m. 

Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 

Second comprehensive examination period 

Mentor conference and contracts for 1983-84 

All students fill out preference sheets for fall semester courses, 1983 and 

return them to the Registrar 

Last day of classes 

Examination period 


Residence houses close at noon 

Summer Term 
Session A 
Session B 



Fri., Aug. 12 

Sat., Aug. 13 
Mon., Aug. 29 

Thur., Sept. 1 
Fri., Sept. 2 
Sat., Sept. 3 
Sun., Sept. 4 


Tues., Sept. 6 

Wed., Sept. 7 
Wed., Sept. 14 
Thur., Sept. 15 
Fri. Oct. 28 

Thur.-Fri., Oct. 13-14 

Mon. -Wed., Nov. 7-9 

Thur.-Fri., Nov. 24-25 
Fri., Dec. 9 
Mon. -Fri., Dec. 12-16 
Sat., Dec. 17 


Tues., Jan. 3 

Wed., Jan. 4 
Thur., Jan. 5 

Thur.-Fri., Jan. 26-27 
Fri., Jan. 27 


Mon., Jan. 30 

Tues., Jan. 31 
Thur., Feb. 9 
Thur., Mar. 29 

Fri., Mar. 30 

Mon., April 9 

Tues., April 10 

Wed. -Thur., Apr. 11-12 

Thur., April 19 

Fri., April 20 

Mon. -Tues., April 23-24 

Fri., May 11 
Mon. -Fri., May 14-18 
Sun., May 20 
Mon., May 21 


June 4-July 27 
June 4-June 29 

Freshmen arrive. Financial clearance and registration before 

3:00 p.m. 

Autumn term begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Freshmen till out preference sheets for fall semester courses and return 

them to the Registrar 

Residence houses open at noon for new students for fall semester 

Orientation for new students 

End of autumn term 

Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at noon 

Registration and financial clearance for fall semester, returning and 

new students 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Opening Convocation 

End of drop/add period for fall semester courses 

Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit 

All students fill out preference sheets for winter term and return them to the 


All students fill out preference sheets for spring semester courses and return 

them to the Registrar 

Thanksgiving holiday; no classes 

Last day of classes 

Examination period 

Christmajs recess begins. Residence houses close at noon 

Residence houses reopen at noon. Financial clearance for all new 
students. New student registration/orientation for winter term 
Returning students are not registered until they check in with the Registrar 
Winter term begins at 9:00 a.m. All projects meet first day 
Last day to enter winter term; end of drop/add period; last day to 
change project or withdraw from winter term with W grade 
First comprehensive examination period 
Winter Term ends at 4:30 p.m. 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. 

Financial clearance and registration for spring semester, all students 

Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

End of drop/add period for spring semester courses 

Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit 

Spring recess begins. Residence houses close at noon 

Residence houses reopen at 9:00 a.m. 

Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 

Second comprehensive examination period 

Mentor conferences and contracts for 1984-85 

Good Friday; no classes 

All students fill out preference sheets for fall semester courses, 1984 and 

return them to the Registrar 

Last day of classes 

Examination period 


Residence houses close at noon 

Summer Term 
Session A 
Session B 


Only from a campus visit can you judge if the 
school and your expectations "fit." 
Plan to take a campus tour, sit in on a class, 
visit with our professors and students, and take 
time to see the area. 

Also, try to visit when classes are in session. 
Check the academic calendar before planning 
your visit. We ask only one thing of you : give 
us some advance notice of your arrival — a few 
days is fine. Call us or drop us a line — the 
Admissions staff will be happy to work 
with you. 

The Admissions office is open from 8:30 a.m. 
to 5:00 p.m. on weekdays; from 9:00 a.m. 
to noon on Saturday; summer hours are 
weekdays 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. 

For best results, please direct all 
correspondence prior to your acceptance 
to the Dean of Admissions. 



For prompt handling, please address inquiries as indicated below: 

Academic Affairs Dean of Faculty 

Adult Programs Dean of Special Programs 

Admissions Dean of Admissions 

Alumni Relations Director of Alumni Relations . 

Business Affairs Vice President for Finance 

Church Relations Assistant to the President for Church Relations 

Events at the College Director of Public Relations 

Financial Aid to Students Director of Financial Aid 

Financial Assistance to the College Vice President for Development 

Payment of Fees Student Accounts 

Student Housing Director of Housing 

Student Interests and Counseling Dean of Students 

Summer School Dean of Summer School 

Transcripts, Grades, and Academic Achievement Registrar 

Vistors are welcome to Eckerd College. The administration offices 
are open Monday through Friday from 8:30 to 5:00. Visitors desiring 
interviews with members of the staff are urged to 
make appointments in advance. 


5401-34th Street South, P.O. Box 12560, St. Petersburg, Florida 33733 
Telephone (813) 867-1166